From the above conclusions, which are based purely on the verses of the Holy Quran, another possibility, often overemphasized by some quarters while opposing the authority of the Sunnah, is completely ruled out. It is sometimes said that the Holy Quran, when it ordains the obedience of the Holy Prophet (SAWS), means his obedience in the capacity of a ruler or a head of the state, and not in the capacity of a prophet. Since the Holy Prophet (SAWS) was also a ruler of ‘the Muslims, they were ordered to ‘obey’ and ‘follow’ him. But after he passed away, his personal obedience is no more necessary. Now, whoever takes over the rule shall stand for the Holy Prophet (SAWS) in the matter of obedience, and the Muslims should follow him.
These are sixteen verses, which affirm not only the existence of the ‘unrecited revelation’ but also its reliability and authenticity, and its binding nature. It is not intended here to produce all the material available in the Holy Quran to establish this kind of revelation. The purpose was to give some examples only, which has, perhaps, been substantially served. But before proceeding further, it will be useful to recollect and summarize the conclusions that stand proved in the light of the Holy Quran as discussed above:
The Holy Quran has summarized the various kinds of revelation in the following words:
“And it is not possible for a human being that Allah should speak to him, except by way of revelation, or from behind a curtain, or that He should send a messenger and he reveals by His leave what He wills.” (42:51)
Now, out of these thee modes, the revelation of the Holy Quran was carried out through the third one, namely, through an angel who is identified in the verse by the word, ‘messenger’. It is clearly settled by some other verses:
The Holy Quran says to the Holy Prophet (SAWS):
“And Allah has revealed upon you the Book and the wisdom, and has taught you what you did not know, and the grace of Allah upon you has been great.” (4:113)
In this verse the revelation of the Wisdom has been mentioned as separate from the revelation of the Book. It indicates that the wisdom referred to here is something additional to the Holy Quran, and it has also been revealed to the Holy Prophet (SAWS) by Allah Almighty. Then the Holy Quran proceeds to say:
In the early days of his Prophethood, when the Holy Prophet (SAWS) received the verses of the Holy Quran revealed to him, he used to recite the same simultaneously, lest he should forget them. It was a strenuous exercise for him, because he felt it was much too difficult to listen to the revelation, to understand it correctly, and to learn it by heart, all at the same time. Allah Almighty relieved him from this burden when He revealed the following verses of the Holy Quran:
Certain hypocrites had not accompanied the Holy Prophet (SAWS) in the expedition of Hudaibiyah. After that, when the Muslims resolved to proceed to the battle of Khyber, the Holy Prophet (SAWS) declared that only the participants of Hudaibiyah shall be entitled to accompany him on this journey. The hypocrites who did not go to Hudaibiyah were now interested in their participation in the battle of Khyber, because, according to their anticipation, the Muslims were expected to gain from there sizeable spoils which the hypocrites wanted to share. But the Holy Prophet (SAWS), inspite of their requests, did not allow them to participate in the battle.
The Holy Quran has repeatedly ordered the Muslims to establish Salah (the prayer) and to be steadfast in it. In the following verse, after repeating the same order, the Holy Quran gives a special concession to the Muslims that in the state of war, when they fear an attack from their enemy, they can perform the prayer in whatever way they can, either riding on horses or camels or walking on their feet. But after the danger of the enemy is over, they are ordered to perform the prayer in its normal way.
This principle has been laid down in the following words:
It is well known that the Holy Prophet (SAWS) had adopted Sayyidna Zaid ibn Harithah as his son. He married Zainab daughter of Jahsh. After some time, their relations begun to get strained and, ultimately, he divorced her. In the days of Jahiliyyah an adopted son was treated as a real son in all respects, and for all purposes. The Holy Quran, on the other hand, declared that the adopted sons cannot be treated as the real ones.
During the siege of Banu Nadir, the famous tribe of the Jews in Madinah, some Muslims had cut down date-trees from around the fort to compel the enemy to surrender. After the war was over, some Jews objected to the cutting of the trees. The Holy Quran has answered the objection in the following words:
“Whatever date-trees you cut down, or left standing upon their roots, that was by the leave of Allah.” (59:5)
Once the Holy Prophet (SAWS) told a secret to one of his wives. She disclosed the secret to some other person. When the Holy Prophet (SAWS) came to know that the secret has been disclosed by his wife, he sought an explanation from her. She asked him as to who told him about the disclosure. The Holy Prophet replied that he was informed about it by Allah Almighty.
This event has been mentioned by the Holy Quran in the following words: