Zakât on Livestock


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 3-Fasting, Zakaat, Qurbani, Hajj etc. / Sunday, August 31st, 2008
  1. The passing of one
    full year is a prerequisite for zakât on all livestock.

  2. Zakât is fard
    on livestock. Livestock refers to the animal in which the following factors are
    found:

  1. It must graze freely
    for a major portion of the year. It must not be fed in its stable. If it spends
    half the year grazing freely and half the year in it’s stable; it will not be
    regarded as livestock. Similarly, if hay or straw is brought to its stable and
    it feeds on that hay or straw, it will not be regarded as livestock irrespective
    of whether this hay or straw was purchased or not.

  2. It must be kept for
    its milk, for the purpose of pro-creation, or in order to fatten it. If it is
    not kept for any of these purposes, and instead, is kept for its meat or as a
    means of transportation, it will not be regarded as livestock.

  1. The prerequisite for zakât on livestock is that it must be a camel,
    bull, buffalo, goat, or sheep. The female of each is also included. Zakât is not
    wajib on wild animals such as buck. However, if these wild animals are
    kept for the purpose of trade, then the zakât of tradeable goods will be
    wajib on them as well. The animal that is born through copulation between
    a domestic animal and a wild animal will fall under the classification of its
    mother. That is, if the mother was a domestic animal, it will also be regarded
    as a domestic animal. But if the mother was a wild animal, it will also be
    regarded as such, e.g. if an animal is born from a buck and female goat, the
    animal will be classified as a goat. If an animal is born from a white antelope
    and a cow, the animal will be classified as a cow.

  2. An animal which was
    from among one’s livestock was sold during the course of the year with the
    intention of trade. Zakât will not have to be given on that animal for that
    year. The year for that animal will be calculated from the time that the person
    intended to use it for the purpose of trade.

  3. There is no zakât on
    young animals which are alone. However, if one is in possession of older animals
    together with younger animals, zakât will be obligatory on both young and old
    animals. Furthermore, the zakât itself will be paid with the older and not the
    younger animals. However, if the older animals die after the expiry of one year,
    zakât will be waived.

  4. There is no zakât on
    animals which have been made waqf for the sake of
    Allah.

  5. Zakât is
    wajib on horses which graze if both the male and the female of the
    species are together. One dinar per horse will have to be given.
    Alternatively, the value of all the horses should be calculated and one fortieth
    of the total be given as zakât.

  6. Zakât is not
    wajib on donkeys and mules if they are not for
    trade.

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