It must graze freely
for a major portion of the year. It must not be fed in its stable. If it spends
half the year grazing freely and half the year in it’s stable; it will not be
regarded as livestock. Similarly, if hay or straw is brought to its stable and
it feeds on that hay or straw, it will not be regarded as livestock irrespective
of whether this hay or straw was purchased or not.
It must be kept for
its milk, for the purpose of pro-creation, or in order to fatten it. If it is
not kept for any of these purposes, and instead, is kept for its meat or as a
means of transportation, it will not be regarded as livestock.
The prerequisite for zakât on livestock is that it must be a camel,
bull, buffalo, goat, or sheep. The female of each is also included. Zakât is not
wajib on wild animals such as buck. However, if these wild animals are
kept for the purpose of trade, then the zakât of tradeable goods will be
wajib on them as well. The animal that is born through copulation between
a domestic animal and a wild animal will fall under the classification of its
mother. That is, if the mother was a domestic animal, it will also be regarded
as a domestic animal. But if the mother was a wild animal, it will also be
regarded as such, e.g. if an animal is born from a buck and female goat, the
animal will be classified as a goat. If an animal is born from a white antelope
and a cow, the animal will be classified as a cow.
An animal which was
from among one’s livestock was sold during the course of the year with the
intention of trade. Zakât will not have to be given on that animal for that
year. The year for that animal will be calculated from the time that the person
intended to use it for the purpose of trade.
There is no zakât on
young animals which are alone. However, if one is in possession of older animals
together with younger animals, zakât will be obligatory on both young and old
animals. Furthermore, the zakât itself will be paid with the older and not the
younger animals. However, if the older animals die after the expiry of one year,
zakât will be waived.
There is no zakât on
animals which have been made waqf for the sake of
wajib on horses which graze if both the male and the female of the
species are together. One dinar per horse will have to be given.
Alternatively, the value of all the horses should be calculated and one fortieth
of the total be given as zakât.
Zakât is not
wajib on donkeys and mules if they are not for