- The words of the azan should be called slowly while those of the iqama should be called rapidly (but not so fast that the words are not properly articulated).
- It is necessary for the muezzin to know the timing of the salat, the best times to form the jamaat and the directions of Qibla.
- One should not cry himself hoarse while calling the azan.
- If some one else calls the azan in the muazzin’s absence he should not be annoyed at it.
- One should call the azan in a loud and agreeable melodious voice but not like a song.
- One should call the azan for the sake of Allah’s Pleasure. He should not behave as if he is forced by some one, nor should he charge any remuneration for calling the azan.
- He should recommend the doing of good and pious acts and denounce the undesirable acts. He should not discriminate between the rich and the poor in speaking out what is right.
- If some one sits at the place which the muezzin usually occupies he should not get angry.
- He should not perform lengthy supplication after the azan. Waiting for the commencement of the prayer wearies the congregation.
- He should protect the mosque in every manner.
- The muezzin should be male, adult, and of sound mind and familiar with the necessary rules of the Shariah.
- He should be Allah-fearing and a follower of the rules of the Shariah.
- He should be aware of the conditions of the life of the men of the congregation and he should be able to correct and advise the people who do not attend the prayers in the masjid on a regular basis. (Note: this should be done in a manner that does not hurt the feelings of the one who is not regular in attending the masjid).
- He should have a loud voice.
- He should be regular and punctual in calling the azan.
- The azan must be called in the prescribed words in the Arabic language without any addition or alteration.
- The muezzin should be facing towards the qibla while calling the azan and iqama. Not to follow this essential requirement is makrooh.
- The muezzin should turn his face to his right when he calls out the words: HAYYA=ALAS-SALAH. But his feet should be firmly in their place and his face to his left when he calls out the words: HAYYA=ALAL-FALAH.
- He should put his index fingers of his hands in his ears. It is not enough to just keep the index fingers on the ears; these should be inserted in the ears.
- It is makrooh not to have a time gap between the azan and iqama. The time gap should be equivalent to the time taken in the performance of two or four rak’ats.
- Each rak’at should take so much time that one may recite ten verses of the Qur’an in that time period.
- One should not talk while calling the azan, if he does it he will have to call the azan again from the beginning.
- The azan should be called at an early hour of the time of prayer so that the residents of the locality may conveniently reach the masjid.
- After the azan one should wait for the residents of the locality (who usually attend the congregation) but this waiting should not be reserved only for the rich and influential persons.
- Azan should be called for the fardh prayer five times a day and the juma prayer which is also fardh. Azan is not required for sunnah, nafl, and wajib prayers.
- Azan should be called standing, calling the azan sitting is disallowed (makrooh).
- Calling the azan on horseback or on a train or plane is makrooh, except when the person is a traveler actually riding a horse or on the train airplane etc.
- One muezzin should call the azan in one masjid only. It is makrooh for a man to call the azan in several masjids.
- After the azan for maghrib one should wait for a while before commencing the iqama for prayer, long enough for reciting three short ayats of the qur’an or one long ayat.
- If the order of the phrases of the azan is altered by mistake it should be corrected.
- It is a common belief that the azan should be called from a place on the left side of the mosque and the iqama on the right side. There is no basis in shariah for such a belief.
- Some people think or act in a way as if it is not permitted to cross in front of someone while he is calling the azan or some one when he is busy in du’a. This too is also not correct.
SOME HADITH RELATED TO THE AZAN/MUAZZIN:
“One who calls the azan for seven year purely for the sake of Allah and His pleasure, he will be declared free from the fear of hell-fire.
“If people knew the virtue of the first row in the congregation and of calling azan, they would obtain the chance even if they had to draw lots for it.
“Anyone who hears the call of the azan be he a man or a jinn, or some other creature, will have to testify for the muezzin on the Day of Judgment. Each and all on the land and sea as far as the sound of his call reaches, will testify for him. He will get he reward equal to the rewards of the many faithful who come to prayer in response to his call.”
The scholars of hadith mention that the Christians and Jews used to mock the azan. There was a Christian who used to say, “May the liar be burnt”, when he heard in the azan the words “I TESTIFY THAT MUHAMMAD IS THE APOSTILE OF ALLAH.” He (the Christian) and his whole family died in a fire, each one of them was burnt to death.