The Holy Quran has expounded the fact in many places that the entire universe has been created for mankind and every particle has been placed for the service of human beings. It stated:
“He is (Allah) Who created for you all that is in the earth.” (2:29)
“And He (Allah) has subjugated to you all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, altogether from Him. Surely in that are signs for a people who reflect.” (45:13)
In these verses while describing His bounties Allah has made subtle indication that since all these things have been created for Man it is Man’s duty to get knowledge and explore them by applying his logic and wisdom bestowed on him by Allah, for the benefit of Mankind. He should put to his use all resources that Allah has stored in the universe. There are two kinds of bounties of Allah created in the universe. The things that are general which man uses in his life, yet there are some bounties which can be acquired by the use of knowledge and wisdom. The Quran said:
“Have you not seen how Allah has subjugated to you whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, and He has perfected His blessings on you, (both) open and hidden?”
In other words, Allah has indeed subjugated the universe to Man yet it does not mean that he shall get all these
blessings without striving for them and using physical and mental talents for achieving them.
At another place the Holy Quran said:
“Allah is He who has subjugated the sea to you that the ships may sail through it by His command, and that you may seek of His bounty and that you may offer thanks.” (Q.45: 12)
In this verse the cause for subjugation of sea has been described as providing it as a means of seeking Allah’s blessings and bounties. In the Quran “seeking Allah’s bounty” generally means “striving for earning the livelihood”. Hence, one meaning of this verse may be that mankind has been given authority and power of navigation on the sea so that they may trade through it. Some commentators have, however, stated that “seeking Allah’s
bounty” in this verse does not mean trade but research and exploration of countless other bounties that He has created in the sea. The verse then means: “We have subjugated the sea for you after creating in it innumerable useful things so that you may seek for them and make use of them”. Thus, every now and then the
discoveries of modern science are making it apparent that the treasures of mineral and botanical products hidden in the sea are far more than those on the earth.
The Quran has explicitly pointed out at various places that even new bounties of this universe will get exposed as often as man would march forward in the way of research and exploration. For example, where the Quran has mentioned horses and mules as means of transport, it has further pointed out that in future there will come out such means of transport which man did not know at that stage.
“(Allah has created for you) horses, mules and donkeys that you may ride on them, and (in future) He will create such things which as yet you don’t know.”
In this manner the Quran has pointed out to all kinds of means of communication to be invented till the Last Day.
At another place it said:
“We shall show them Our signs, in the universe and also in their selves until it is clear to them that this (Quran) is the Truth.”
This verse signifies that the exposition of Allah’s attribute of creation will never cease to create. The new blessings and productions will keep appearing in every era of time till the Last Day.
Many more statements from the Quran and prophetic traditions can be produced on this subject, but even if these few verses are positively reflected upon, the reality will be exposed as broad daylight that if access through research, investigation, experiments and discoveries is made to the hidden powers of universe with rightful intentions and rightful methods, it is not condemnable in the eyes of the Quran, it is desirable. And not only has
Islam not laid down any restriction on such scientific experiments, it has, in fact, encouraged them. This is the reason why Muslims have left lasting impressions of their scientific endeavors which will continue to serve as
guidelines for mankind.