The Wali or Legal Guardian Part 02


Beliefs & Practices, Part 4-Nikah (Marriage) in Islam / Friday, April 2nd, 2010

11. The same rules apply to a mature boy, i.e. he cannot be forced into a marriage nor can the wali perform his nikâh without his permission. If his nikâh is performed without his permission, it’s validity will be dependent on his permission. If he expresses his consent, his nikâh will be valid. If not, it will not be valid. However, it should be borne in mind that the boy’s silence is not considered to be a form of granting permission. He will have to give a verbal reply.

12. If a boy or a girl are immature, they do not have their own choice. Their nikâh is not valid without a wali . If a boy (or girl) performs his nikâh on his own or someone else performs it, it will be dependent on the permission of the wali . If the wali grants permission, the nikâh will be valid. If not, it will not be valid. The wali has full rights over such a boy or girl. He can get them married to whoever he wishes and refuse whoever he wishes. Immature girls and immature boys cannot reject such a nikâh at that time. This is irrespective of whether the girl is a virgin or had been married previously and had also been sent to her (first) husband’s home – the same rule will apply.

13. If the father or grand-father perform the nikâh of an immature girl or boy, they do not have the right to reject or repudiate this nikâh even after they become mature. This is irrespective of whether the marriage was executed with a person who is of the same social standing or with a person of a lower class, and irrespective of whether the nikâh was performed with mahrul mithl or whether it was far less than the mahrul mithl . In all cases the nikâh will be valid and they cannot reject or repudiate this nikâh .

14. If a wali other than  the father or grand-father performed the nikâh , and it was performed with a boy of the same social standing and the mahrul mithl was also given, then in such a case the nikâh will be valid. However, after reaching the age of maturity, she has the right to endorse this nikâh or to go and complain to a Muslim judge and have this marriage annulled.

But if the wali performed her marriage with a person of a lower social standing or accepted a mahr which was far less than the mahrul mithl , the nikâh will not be valid from the very outset. Similarly, if the wali performed the nikah of a boy with a mahr which was far more than the mahrul mithl of the girl, the nikâh will not be valid from the very outset.

15. A wali other than the father or grand-father had performed the nikâh of an immature girl who also had knowledge of this nikâh . Thereafter, she became mature and until then her husband hadn’t had any sexual intercourse with her. In such a case, the moment she becomes mature, she must mention her discontent with regard to marrying this person. She must clearly state that she is not happy.

Alternatively, she could say that she does not wish to continue with this marriage. This could be said in the presence of others or in privacy where she is all alone. But  she has to mention it verbally. However, by her merely saying this, the nikâh will not be annulled. She will have to go to a Muslim judge, he will annul the marriage, and only then will it be annulled.

Once she becomes mature and allows even a moment to pass in which she does not mention her discontent, she will not have the choice of having her nikâh annulled.

But if the girl did not have any knowledge of this nikâh and only learnt of it after becoming mature, then the moment she is informed, she will immediately have the right to reject the nikâh . If she remains silent for even a moment, she will forfeit this right to reject the nikâh .

16. If her husband engaged in sexual intercourse with her, and thereafter she becomes mature, it is not necessary for her to reject the nikâh immediately after becoming mature or after being informed. Instead, as long as she does not express her consent and happiness, she will have the choice of rejecting or accepting irrespective of how much time lapses. However, if she clearly states that she is happy about this marriage, or her consent is made apparent in some other way such as being in solitude with her husband like any other normal husband and wife, then she will have no choice and this nikâh will become entrenched.

17. The person who is most entitled of being the wali of an immature girl is gone to a foreign country. He is so far away that if the rest of the family had to await his arrival in order to consult him, the girl will lose this opportunity. Furthermore, the person who has come with the proposal is not prepared to wait for so long and it will be difficult for the girl to receive a similar proposal. In such a case, the person who is next in line to become her wali can also perform her nikâh . If he performs the nikâh without consulting the girl, it will be valid. But if the first wali is not very far away, her nikâh should not be performed without consulting him. If it is performed, it will be dependent on his permission. Once he grants his permission, the nikâh will be valid.

18. Similarly, if the second wali performs the nikâh of an immature girl despite the most rightful wali being present, it will be dependent on his permission. For example, if the grand-father performs the nikâh without consulting the father despite the latter being present, it will be dependent on the father’s permission. If the right belonged to the brother but the nikâh was performed by the uncle, it will be dependent on the brother’s permission.

19. A woman became a lunatic and lost her sanity. She has a mature son and a father as well. If her nikâh has to be performed, her wali will be her son because the son is more entitled of being a wali than the father (father of the woman).

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