The virtues of these two places-Makkah and the Ka’ba has been expounded in many verses of the Qur’aan and the Hadith. We shall now look at a few of these. Allah says in the Qur’ an “The first House (of worship) appointed for men was that at Bakka, full of blessing. On this Hazrat Ali R.A. said that houses for residence had been erected before the Ka’ba but the very first place for Hs worship was this one. It is reported above by many companions that this portion of the earth first appeared above the water after its creation and from it the rest of the earth was spread and rolled out, in the same manner as a roti is rolled out by a roller, to a large round flat bread, from a small round piece of dough.
According to some ulama, the Jews used to boast about. Baitul Muqaddas being the most virtuous part of the world because of being the center for so many of the Prophets. Thereupon Allah revealed: ‘In it are signs manifest (for example) the station Ibrahim.’
Note: The Maqaam Ibrahim is that stone whereupon Hazrat Ibrahim A.S used to stand when he built the Ka’ba. His footprints are still to be seen on it. Today it is found in a small enclosure in the vicinity of the Ka’ba. Hazrat Mujajid R.A. says the impression of the feet on this stone is a clear sign. (Durre Mansoor)
‘Whoever enters it attains security (safety). Safety can be of two kinds. In the first place, whoever follows his deed properly there, by performing his salaah Haj etc. shall be safe from the fire of hell. Secondly there is safety of a different nature. When for example, a person having committed a murder enters the Holy Haram, in order to be safe from those seeking revenge, he shall not be killed if found within the Haram. He may be forced to come out of there through hunger or thirst and then only be dealt with outside the Haram. Hazrat Umar R.A. said son, Abdullah Ibn Hazrat Umar R.A. said: ‘If I find the murderer of my father there (in the Haram) I will not be able to enforce any punishment’. The same type of statement is quoted by hazrat Ibn Abas R.A. in connection with the killing of his father’s murderer’. (Durre Mansoor)
‘Remember, We made the House, a place of assembly for men and a place of safety’.
The word ‘Mathaaba’ in this verse signifies two things. Firstly people return to it every time they perform salaat by turning their faces to it. Secondly, it means that people return to it every time they perform Haj or umrah. It is also possible that Mathaaba may come from the word ‘Thawaab’ meaning reward, in which case the meaning may be that it is a place where great reward is granted to this extent that for one deed of righteousness the reward is magnified one hundred thousand times. Hazrat Ibn Abbaas R.A. stated that the word ‘Mathaba’ means that the hearts of people never leave it, so that, having performed Haj once the heart desires to return to it time and again.
‘And remember Ibrahim and Ismail raised the foundation of the House (with this prayer) “Our Lord, accept this service from us, for Thou art All-hearing, All-knowing’. (2-124)
Hazrat Ibrahim A.S. had erected the Ka’ba. There can be no doubt that this should be the most virtuous place because Allah Himself ordered its erection. Hazrat Jibra’eel A.S. drew the plan. A man of the stature of Hazrat Ibrahim A.S. was the mason while the man of the calibre of Hazrat Ismail A.S. had been his assistant. Does that not show its importance and virtuous origin?
According to a report by Hazrat Ibn Saad R.A., Hazrat Ibrahim A.S. at that time reached the ripe old age of one hundred years, while Hazrat Ismail A.S had been thirty years old. (Durre Mansoor)