THE RULING REGARDING MASTURBATION – MASTURBATION IS HARAM (UNLAWFUL)


Beliefs & Practices, Masturbation - A disastrous problem faced by the youth / Saturday, December 19th, 2009

This is the ruling of the 4 schools of thought viz. Malikiyah, Shafi’eyah and Hanafiyah and one riwayah (narration) from Imâm Ahmed. They have drawn their conclusions from the following proofs:

PROOFS FROM THE QUR’AN

Allah Ta’ala says:

“And those who guard their private parts save from their wives and those (slave-girls) which their right hands own – so there is no blame upon them. Then whoever seeks beyond that (which is lawful), they are the transgressors.’’ (Surah Al-Muminuun, Ayah 5 and 6.)

The intended meaning of these âyât is clear. Allah Ta’ala has praised the believers for guarding their private parts from that which He has made forbidden upon them. Allah Ta’ala has permitted them to approach their wives and slave-girls. Thereafter, these Words of Allah Ta’ala follow:

Whoever seeks beyond that which is lawful are oppressors; who overstep from halâl (permitted) towards harâm (prohibited).

Hafiz Ibne Katheer (Rahmatullah Alaih) writes: “lmâm Shafie (Rahmatullah Alaih) and those who have agreed with him have concluded that masturbation is harâm from this âyah.” He says: ‘Masturbation is excluded from these two types which Allah has made halal, viz, wives and slave-girls.”

2. Similarly, these Fuqahâ (Jurists) have drawn their conclusion from the following ayah:

“And those who do not find the means to marry should remain chaste until Allah gives them resources by His Grace.” ( Surah Al Mu’minuun, ayah 32)

This ayah shows masturbation to be harâm because of two reasons: Firstly, in this âyah Allah Ta’ala has given the command of chastity and, according to the principles of fiqh, a command (an imperative) denotes wujub (incumbency, obligation). Hence to remain chaste is wajib (compulsory) and wherever chastity is wajib it becomes wajib to refrain from that which is contrary to it, for example, adultery, fornication and sodomy.

This is due to the fact that obligatory chastity will not materialize except by complete refrainment from all that which is contrary to chastity.

Secondly, in this âyah Allah Ta’ala has made chastity obligatory on those who are unable to execute the command of nikah. Here Allah Ta’ala has not determined any connection or link between marriage and chastity. Hence, this demands that masturbation should be harám. And if assuming, it was permissible, then Allah Ta’ala would have mentioned it at this point because this was the place of its explanation. The silence maintained by Allah with regards to it at a place which requires its explanation, denotes that masturbation is harâm.

lmâm Qurtubi (Rahmatullah Alaih) has written in the tafsir of this âyah: “And when Allah Ta’ala has not determined any order between nikah and chastity, then this shows that besides these two, everything else is haram. However, this hurmat (unlawfulness) does not include slave-girls because another Command of the Qurân makes them mubdh (permissible), viz.

“That which the right-hands earn (i.e. slave girls).” Hence in this matter an addition of slave-girl has come. Masturbation, however still remains haram.

3. “Those who seek beyond this (i.e. wives and slave girls) are transgressors.” [SURAH MA’ARIJ, AYAT 31]

Under the tafsir of this âyah, Qadhi Thanaullah Pâni Patti writes: “Imâm Baghawi has deduced from this âyat that masturbation is harám.”

PROOFS FROM THE AHADITH

1. Similarly, the Fuqahâ have drawn their conclusion from a hadith reported by Abdullah bin Mas’ud (Radiyallaahu Anhu) in Bukhari and Muslim. He says that Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

“O group of youth! Whoever from amongst you can marry should do so because it keeps the gaze low and it protects the private parts. And he who cannot marry should make it compulsory upon himself to fast because it breaks lust. (Bukhari, vol 6, pg 117 / Muslim, vol 10, pg 172)

Nabi has directed the person who is incapable of bearing the burden of nikah towards saum (fasting). If assuming, masturbation was permissible Rasulullah (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) would have mentioned it at this point. Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) however, maintained silence. Hence, this indicates that masturbation is haräm because the maintaining of silence at the place of explanation gives the benefit of restriction.

2. Some of the fuqaha have drawn their conclusion from a narration reported by Hasan bin Arfah that Nabi (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

“Seven persons are such that Allah Ta’ala will not look at them on the Day of Qiyâmah nor will He purify them nor will He include them amongst the learned and Allah will enter them into Jahannum. They will enter Jahannum first except for those who repent. As for those who repent Allah will accept their repentance.

1. A person who masturbates.

2. A person who performs the act of sodomy.

3. The person upon whom the act of sodomy is performed.

4. A perpetual drunkard

5. The person who hits his parents so much so that they appeal for help.

6. The person who harms his neighbours so much so that they curse him.

7. The person who commits adultery with his neighbour’s wife.” ( Ibne Katheer, vol 5, pg 458)

3. Hadhrat Anas (Radiyallaahu Anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

“The person who performs nikáh with his hands (i.e. he masturbates) is cursed”. (Tafsir Mazhari, vol 12, pg 94)

SAYINGS OF OUR PIOUS PREDECESSORS WITH REGARD TO MASTURBATION

1. Said bin Jubair{Rahmatullah Alaih) says: “Allah will inflict a punishment on a group of people because they played with their private parts.”

2. Attâ (Rahmatullahi alaihi) says: “Some people will be resurrected in such a condition that their hands will be pregnant, I think they are those who masturbate.” (Tafsir Mazhari, vol 12, pg 94)

4 Replies to “THE RULING REGARDING MASTURBATION – MASTURBATION IS HARAM (UNLAWFUL)”

  1. Salam Alakum. This helped me so much. I am a 14 year old boy who has this problem of masturbating, and I finally decided to stop. I have been researching the issue for quite some time, and after reading this, I have chosen to stop making excuses, and stop masturbating immediately. Masturbation and pornography has ruined my life to the point that I have stopped praying, and now, I am ready to stop my sin, and repent. Thank you so much again. Please, make this page known to everyone, simply because, it shows you the problem, gives proof of the problem, and explains the punishment.

  2. I have made a pledge to my self that I will not masturbate from today onwards. Pray for me, so I may become a poise Muslim.

  3. assalamu alaykum my dear brothers inside the page who talk about masturbation the ayaat who talk about remaing chaste until allah ….. is inside the surate nour none on surate muminuun. salam

  4. Do you think that without marriage a person can remain chaste in THIS society with ways of sinning increasing day by day.Even roads are not SAFE with those BIG SIGN BOARDS.how can a person remain still with all these monsters.
    Your guidelines are quiet practicable if we were living in a desert or some 50 years earlier. BUT NOW?
    Marriage is the only solution which of course our culture does not want to implement completely.
    i have been living with this problem for nine years and i have tried practically everything.NOTHING WORKS.it gets worse and worse.

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