The fasts that have
been missed for some reason or the other have to be kept after Ramadhân as
soon as possible. One should not delay in keeping these missed fasts. It is
a sin to delay in keeping these missed fasts without any reason.
When keeping the qada
fasts, it is not necessary to specify the date by saying: “I am keeping a
qada fast for so-and-so day”. Instead, one should merely keep the fasts that
have been missed. However, if one has missed a few fasts of two Ramadhâns
and has to keep the qada for both the years, it will be necessary to specify
the year for which he is keeping the qada. That is, he should make the
intention in the following way: “I am keeping this qada fast for so-and-so
When keeping a qada
fast, it is necessary to make the intention at night (i.e. before subah
sâdiq). If the intention is made in the morning (i.e. after subah
sâdiq), the qada fast will not be valid and it will
be regarded as a nafl fast. The person will have to keep the qada
The same rule applies
to the kaffarah fasts, i.e. the intention has to be made at night. If
the intention is made the following morning, the kaffarah fast will
not be valid.
When keeping the qada
fasts, one has the choice of either keeping them consecutively or at random.
Both options are permissible.
If a person has not
kept the qada fasts of Ramadhân and the following Ramadhân commences without
his having made the qada, he should keep the fasts of the present Ramadhân
and keep the qada fasts of the previous Ramadhân after Eid. However, it is
an evil practice to delay in this manner.
In the month of
Ramadhân a person became unconscious during the day. This unconsciousness
continued for more than a day. Apart from the day on which he fell
unconscious, he will have to keep qada of all the other days in which he
remained unconscious. Qada of the first day on which he fell unconscious is
not wâjib because due to his intention of fasting, that fast has
become valid. However, if the person was not fasting on that day, or, if he
took some medication on that day and this medication went down his throat,
qada of this first day will also be wâjib on him.
If the person fell
unconscious at night, it is not wâjib on him to make qada of the fast
of the following day as well. However, he will have to make qada of the
remainder of the days in which he remained unconscious. But if he did not
make the intention of fasting on that night for the following day, or if he
took some medication the following morning, then he will also have to make
qada of that first day.
If a person remains
unconscious for the entire month of Ramadhân, even then he should make qada
of these fasts. He should not think that he is absolved from keeping all
these fasts. However, if he became a lunatic, and this lunacy remained for
the entire month, he does not have to keep qada for any of the days of this
Ramadhân. If his lunacy disappears on any day in the month of Ramadhân and
he comes back to his senses, he should commence fasting and keep qada of the
days in which he experienced this lunacy.