The Qada or Missed Fasts


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 3-Fasting, Zakaat, Qurbani, Hajj etc. / Sunday, August 31st, 2008
  1. The fasts that have
    been missed for some reason or the other have to be kept after Ramadhân as
    soon as possible. One should not delay in keeping these missed fasts. It is
    a sin to delay in keeping these missed fasts without any reason.

  2. When keeping the qada
    fasts, it is not necessary to specify the date by saying: “I am keeping a
    qada fast for so-and-so day”. Instead, one should merely keep the fasts that
    have been missed. However, if one has missed a few fasts of two Ramadhâns
    and has to keep the qada for both the years, it will be necessary to specify
    the year for which he is keeping the qada. That is, he should make the
    intention in the following way: “I am keeping this qada fast for so-and-so
    year”.

  3. When keeping a qada
    fast, it is necessary to make the intention at night (i.e. before subah
    sâdiq
    ). If the intention is made in the morning (i.e. after subah
    sâdiq
    ), the qada fast will not be valid and it will
    be regarded as a nafl fast. The person will have to keep the qada
    fast again.

  4. The same rule applies
    to the kaffarah fasts, i.e. the intention has to be made at night. If
    the intention is made the following morning, the kaffarah fast will
    not be valid.

  5. When keeping the qada
    fasts, one has the choice of either keeping them consecutively or at random.
    Both options are permissible.

  6. If a person has not
    kept the qada fasts of Ramadhân and the following Ramadhân commences without
    his having made the qada, he should keep the fasts of the present Ramadhân
    and keep the qada fasts of the previous Ramadhân after Eid. However, it is
    an evil practice to delay in this manner.

  7. In the month of
    Ramadhân a person became unconscious during the day. This unconsciousness
    continued for more than a day. Apart from the day on which he fell
    unconscious, he will have to keep qada of all the other days in which he
    remained unconscious. Qada of the first day on which he fell unconscious is
    not wâjib because due to his intention of fasting, that fast has
    become valid. However, if the person was not fasting on that day, or, if he
    took some medication on that day and this medication went down his throat,
    qada of this first day will also be wâjib on him.

  8. If the person fell
    unconscious at night, it is not wâjib on him to make qada of the fast
    of the following day as well. However, he will have to make qada of the
    remainder of the days in which he remained unconscious. But if he did not
    make the intention of fasting on that night for the following day, or if he
    took some medication the following morning, then he will also have to make
    qada of that first day.

  9. If a person remains
    unconscious for the entire month of Ramadhân, even then he should make qada
    of these fasts. He should not think that he is absolved from keeping all
    these fasts. However, if he became a lunatic, and this lunacy remained for
    the entire month, he does not have to keep qada for any of the days of this
    Ramadhân. If his lunacy disappears on any day in the month of Ramadhân and
    he comes back to his senses, he should commence fasting and keep qada of the
    days in which he experienced this lunacy.

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