The pursuit of halâl wealth Part 2

Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 5-Principles of Business / Tuesday, November 30th, 2010

Hadith Eleven: It is mentioned in a Hadîth that a person who purchases a garment for 10 dirhams and one dirham from it was harâm, Allah will not accept his salât as long as he is wearing that garment.

Although the person will absolve himself of this duty, he will not receive the full reward for his salât. Other acts could also be based on this. We should fear Allah in this regard. First of all, our acts of ‘ibâdah are not offered in the proper manner. And those that are offered go to waste in this way (by harâm wealth). What answer will we give to Allah on the day of judgement and how will we bear the severe punishment?

Hadith Twelve: It is mentioned in a Hadîth that Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “There isn’t anything which will take you near to jannah and keep you away from jahannam except that I have ordered you to do it. And there isn’t anything which will distance you from jannah and take you closer to jahannam except that I have prohibited you from doing it. Jibra’îl has informed me that no person will die until his sustenance has been completed for him even though he may receive it late. Fear Allah and try to restrict yourself in seeking your sustenance. Don’t ever allow a delay in receiving your sustenance from seeking something through the disobedience of Allah. This is because it is the grand status of Allah that nothing can be attained from Him through disobedience, irrespective of whether it be your sustenance or anything else.”

Hadith Thirteen: Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Out of ten parts, nine parts of one’s sustenance is in business.” In other words, business is a great source of income. You should therefore opt for it.

Hadith Fourteen: It is mentioned in a Hadîth that Allah befriends a believer who is hard working and who is a tradesman, and who does not worry about what he is wearing.

In other words, because of his hard work and toiling, he wears ordinary, dirty clothes. He does not have so much of time nor the opportunity wherein he can keep his clothes clean. As for the person who is not forced to do so, he should wear clean and simple clothes.

Hadith Fifteen: Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “It was not revealed to me that I should gather wealth or that I should become a businessman. However, it has been revealed to me that I should glorify Allah, praise Him, be of those who prostrate to Him and that I engage in His ‘ibâdah until death overtakes me.”

In other words, do not occupy yourself in this world more than necessary because it is wâjib on everyone to make arrangements for living according to necessity only (and not more). As for the person who has the power of tawakkul and fulfils all the conditions of tawakkul, such a person can leave all the occupations of this world and occupy himself with theoretical (‘ilmi) and practical (‘amali) ‘ibâdah.

Hadith Sixteen: Jâbir radiyallâhu ‘anhu narrates that Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “May Allah have mercy on the person who is lenient and soft-hearted when he sells something, purchases something, and when he asks for repayment of loans given.”

Glory be to Allah! How great it is to display leniency and soft-heartedness at the time of buying, selling and asking for repayment of loans given that Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam is making a special du‘â for such a person. We know for sure that his du‘â will be accepted. If this was the only virtue of displaying leniency and there was no other reward, then this virtue in itself is very great. However, one will still be rewarded for this leniency and soft-heartedness. It would therefore be appropriate for the traders and businessmen to act upon this Hadith and thereby make themselves eligible for the du‘â of Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

Apart from this, the benefit of such behaviour in this world is that people will be happy with such a person and his business will prosper. Generally, people refer to such a person time and again. At times, they even make du‘â for him out of happiness. The reality of the situation is that the person who lives and acts according to the Sharî‘ah lives in this world and in the hereafter like a king and in great comfort. Who can be more fortunate than this person who has the blessings of both the worlds and who is beloved and honoured by Allah and by most of the people as well?

Hadith Seventeen: Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Be cautious of taking too many oaths when selling anything. This is because too many oaths cause the goods to become popular among the people (and because of these oaths they begin attaching value to the goods). This results in a lack of barakah and one is thereby deprived of any profits both in this world and in the hereafter.

Hadith Eighteen: Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “The businessman who is honest in his dealings and trustworthy will be with the prophets, siddîqîn, and martyrs on the day of judgement.”
In other words, the businessman who possesses the above-mentioned qualities will be in the company of the Ambiyâ ‘alayhimus salâm, the siddîqîn, the martyrs, and will gain salvation from jahannam. Being with such persons does not mean that they will enjoy the same status as them. What it means is that they will attain a special type of greatness which is normally acquired by remaining in the company of such persons. This is similar to a person who invites a pious person to his house and also hosts the attendants of this pious person. It is obvious that the place where these attendants will eat their food and the food that they will eat will be the same as that of the pious person. Despite this, the status and respect that these persons will have for this pious person will be higher than that which they will have for these attendants. But being in his company, sitting at one place and partaking of the same food is also a great feat accomplished by the attendants. Attaining the company of Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam itself is a great virtue. Assuming that they do not even receive any food nor any honour and respect from being in his company, merely being in his company is sufficient for those Muslims who love Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam. Let alone being in his company being a great achievement, even being his neighbour is a great virtue. It is therefore extremely appropriate for Muslims to be entitled to this blessed du‘â of Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

Hadith Nineteen: Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “O traders! Without doubt, business is such a thing that a lot of foolish talk takes place and many oaths are taken. Therefore include charity in it.”

In other words, it is reprehensible to engage in foolish talk and to take too many oaths. You should therefore give in charity so that it may be an expiation for those oaths and indiscreet conversations which you may unwittingly engage in, and so that it may also remove the filth and grime that may have accumulated in your heart because of this.

Hadith Twenty: It is mentioned in a Hadîth that the businessmen will rise as sinners and shameless persons on the day of judgement except for that businessman who feared Allah and spoke the truth. The person who did not commit any sin in his transactions will be saved from this calamity.

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