The Noble Characteristics And Habits Of Rasûlullâh (Part 1)


The Life of Rasulallah / Sunday, August 31st, 2008

1. Barrâ bin ‘Âzib narrates that Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam was the most handsome person and had the most pleasant manners. He was neither too tall nor too short.

2. ’Ismâîl bin ‘Ayyâsh narrates that Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam was the most patient over the harms by others that were inflicted on him.

3. In a lengthy Hadîth narrated by Hind bin Abî Hâlah the following is also mentioned : when Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam used to walk, he used to lift his foot with force and when he used to place it on the ground, he used to place it in such a manner that he had to lean forward when doing so. He used to walk with great humility as if he was descending from an elevated place. When he had to turn and look at anyone or anything, he used to turn completely and look. He used to lower his gaze more towards the ground than raising it towards the heavens. He used to walk behind the Sahâbah (and not ahead of them). Generally, it was his habit to look at a person with a side glance. When anyone came to meet him, he was the first to greet.

4. Jâbir radiyallâhu ‘anhu says that the pace of his speech was slow. In other words, he used to pause in his speech so that those who are addressed will understand everything thoroughly. However, he did not pause to such an extent that the addressee becomes bored. It is mentioned in a Hadith that he used to repeat whatever he said three times. In short, he used to speak in an excellent manner. He used to speak according to what the circumstances demanded. Some people are intelligent and able to grasp everything very quickly. In such a case it is not appropriate to repeat anything. Others take longer to understand and it is therefore appropriate to repeat something several times. Where there are all types of people, it would be appropriate to repeat the speech three times. This is because those who are quick to grasp something will understand it the first time. Those who possess an average intellect will grasp it the second time, while those who are intellectually weak will understand it the third time. If a situation arises where there is a need to repeat it more than three times, then good character demands that one should not abstain from doing so. Understand this well. The fact is that Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam was given the highest stage of good character and abiding by the rules. No one was granted this gift prior to him nor will anyone be granted it in the future. Despite being bound by administrative regulations, displaying good character is a great virtue. It was the blessed habit of Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam of following the rules in the things which he executed himself. As for those who were neglectful in this regard, he did not rebuke them. However, he used to advise them in a good and soft manner solely for the purpose of reforming them. This is what the followers of the sunnah have to adopt. They should follow the administrative rules and regulations together with good character. At the same time, they should also urge others to do the same. However, they should not criticise the shortcomings of others merely to satisfy their nafs or out of anger. If their object is pure reformation and there is a need to display strictness, this will also be good. Understand this well.

5. ‘Â’ishah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ narrates that Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam used to pause in his speech. Whoever listened to him speak, understood whatever was said.

6. ‘Â’ishah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ narrates that from among all evil habits, Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam abhorred lying the most.

7. Anas radiyallâhu ‘anhu narrates that from all the different types of clothing, Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam liked a Yamani shawl the most. It was of several colours. Ibn Raslân says that the wisdom behind his preference for this cloth was that it is not a cloth of beautification (i.e. it is very simple) and at the same time it does not get dirty quickly. Glory be to Allah! What a great status he had! He used to consider himself to be a traveller in this world. He was not attracted to its beauty nor did he pay any attention to its treasures. O Muslims! You should also adopt this way of life. According to your needs, wear clothes that cover your aurah, which are simple, and which do not become dirty quickly. This is so that their beauty does not prevent you from turning towards Allah and you do not have to clean them very often as this takes up a lot of time. In certain narrations, he has also praised white clothing.

8. ‘Â’ishah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ narrates that Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam used to like the ‘ibâdah which could be fulfilled all the time. In other words, nafl salâts and other forms of ‘ibâdah should be offered in such a way that one can continue with them. It should not be such that on one day a person does everything and the following day he does nothing. A little ‘ibâdah which can be fulfilled regularly is better than excessive ‘ibdah which is carried out occasionally, as mentioned in a Hadîth.

9. Mujâhid narrates that Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam used to prefer the front portion of the sheep’s meat.

10. ‘Â’ishah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ narrates that from among all the different drinks, he used to like cold and sweet water the most. Ibn ‘Abbâs radiyallâhu ‘anhu narrates that he used to like milk a lot.

11. ‘Â’ishah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ narrates that he used to like honey water a lot.

12. Ibn ‘Abbâs radiyallâhu ‘anhu narrates that from among all the curries, Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam used to like vinegar the most.

13. Anas radiyallâhu ‘anhu narrates that Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam used to perspire a lot. It is mentioned that Umme Sulaym radiyallâhu ‘anhâ used to collect his perspiration and mix it with other perfumes because it used to be very fragrant.

14. Jâbir radiyallâhu ‘anhu narrates that Rasûlullâh’s sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam beard had a lot of hair.

15. ‘Â’ishah and Abû Hurayrah radiyallâhu ‘anhuma narrate that from all the fruit, he used to like fresh dates and musk-melons the most.

16. Ibn ‘Abbâs radiyallâhu ‘anhu narrates that he used to prefer shoulder-meat over all other parts.

17. Abû Wâqid narrates that when Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam used to lead the people in prayer, he used to shorten his salât but when he offered his salât on his own, he used to lengthen it considerably. He shortened his salât for the people so that no one is inconvenienced. He lengthened his own salât because it was the coolness of his eyes. He used to experience peace and tranquillity whenever he offered his salât . What can be more peaceful than standing with humility in front of one’s true beloved and seeking refuge in Him? The extent of his shortening and lengthening his salâts has been mentioned in detail in other Ahâdîth.

18. ‘Abdullâh bin Bishr narrates that when Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam went to anyone’s house, he did not stand in front of the door. Instead, he used to stand on the right-hand side or on the left-hand side and then say “As salâmu ‘alaykum”. This is the sunnah method. When you go anywhere, do not stand directly in front of the door. Stand either to the right or the left of the door. In standing this way, there is no fear of seeing anyone being without purdah. However, if the door is closed, there is no harm in standing in front of it. One should inform the house folk of one’s arrival by saying “As salâmu ‘alaykum”. If they do not hear you the first time, repeat it. Understand this well.

19. ‘Ikramah radiyallâhu ‘anhu narrates that it was the habit of Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam that when anyone came to him and he perceived happiness on the person’s face, he used to take the person’s hand into his hand. The purpose of this was that the person must become familiar with him.

20. Ghunbah narrates that when a person came to Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam and he had a name which he (Rasûlullâh) did not like, then he used to change it for him.

21. Imâm Ahmad and others narrate that when anyone used to bring his zakât to Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam (for distribution), he used to say : “O Allah! Have mercy on such-and-such person.” We should also adopt this practice that when anyone gives us their zakât for distribution or gives us any donation for a particular cause, we should also make this du‘ for the person.

22. Ibn Mas‘ûd radiyallâhu ‘anhu narrates that when any slave men or women came into the share of Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam (as booty), he used to divide them among his house folk so that there is no dispute among them. In other words, if some of them receive while others do not receive anything, there is a possibility of unpleasantness among them. We should also adopt this practice that when we have to distribute anything, we should not do it in a way which would cause any unpleasantness or disturbance among the people. This is irrespective of whether one is distributing among one’s relatives, immediate family, students or disciples.

23. ‘Â’ishah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ narrates that when any food was brought to Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam and there were others with him, he used to eat that which was in front of him. And when dry dates were brought to him, he used to eat from all sides.

24. Sâlim bin ‘Abdullâh bin ‘Umar and Qâsim bin Muhammad narrate that when the utensil containing fragrant oil, etc. was brought to Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam, he used to dip his fingers in that oil and apply it with his fingers wherever he desired.

25. Hafsah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ narrates that when Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam used to lie down in order to sleep, he used to place his right-hand under his right cheek.

26. ‘Â’ishah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ narrates that when Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam intended applying oil (to his head), he used to place it in his left hand and commence with his eyebrows. Thereafter, he used to apply some to his eyes and thereafter to his head. It is related in another Hadîth that when he intended applying oil to his beard, he used to apply to his eyes first and thereafter to his beard.

27. Anas and Jâbir radiyallâhu ‘anhumâ narrate that when Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam used to relieve himself, he did not lift his clothes until he was as close as possible to the ground. He did this so that his ‘aurah would not be unnecessarily exposed. One reveals one’s ‘aurah at the time of sitting down to relieve oneself. Therefore there is no need to reveal one’s ‘aurah before-hand. It is for this reason that he used to reveal his ‘aurah at the exact time of need.

28. ‘Â’ishah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ narrates that when Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam was in a state of janâbah and intended to sleep (without having made ghusl), he used to make wudû first (and then sleep). If he intended eating or drinking something, he used to merely wash his hands. When a woman completes her hayd or nifâs, it will also be preferable for her to do the same.

29. Anas radiyallâhu ‘anhu narrates that when Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam intended wearing a new garment, he used to wear it on a Friday.

30. ‘Abdullâh bin Ka‘b radiyallâhu ‘anhu narrates that when Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam completed using the miswâk, he used to give it to an elderly person. And when he used to drink water or anything else, he used to give the left over to the person who was on his right-hand side. He used to do this on account of generosity and in order that it may be a source of barakah for these persons.

31. ‘Â’ishah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ narrates that whenever Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam was informed that a certain member of his family has spoken a lie even once, he used to remain displeased with the person until he repented. Once the person repented, he used to become pleased with him again. The reason for this is that speaking lies is a major sin in Islam and it is necessary to hate a sinner. Therefore, he used to turn away from such a person. This was his attitude to all sinners.

32. Abû Hurayrah radiyallâhu ‘anhu narrates that when Rasûlullâh Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam used to be distressed, he used to hold his beard in his hand and look at it.

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