If a person vows to
keep a fast, it becomes wâjib upon him to fulfil it. If he does not
do so he will be sinning.
Nazr is of two types.
One is that the person takes a vow by specifying the day and date by saying:
“O Allâh! If a particular task of mine is fulfilled today, I will keep a
fast for Your pleasure tomorrow.” Alternatively, he says: “O Allâh! If a
certain wish of mine is fulfilled, I will keep a fast on the coming Friday.”
When taking such a vow, it is permissible to make the intention at night or
the following day until an hour before mid-day. In both cases the vow will
A person had taken a
vow to fast on Friday. When Friday came, he merely made the following
intention: “Today I am fasting”, without specifying that this is a nazr
fast. Alternatively he made the intention of keeping a nafl fast.
Even then, the nazr fast will be fulfilled. However, if a person keeps a
qada fast on this Friday and forgets to keep the nazr fast, or, he remembers
but intentionally keeps a qada fast, then in such a case
the nazr fast will not be fulfilled. Instead, the qada fast will be
considered and he will have to repeat the nazr fast.
The second type of
nazr is that the person does not specify the day and date. He merely says:
“O Allâh! If a particular task of mine is fulfilled, I will keep a fast.”
Alternatively, he did not mention the task but merely said that he will keep
five fasts. For such a nazr, it is a prerequisite to make the intention at
night. If the intention is made in the morning, the nazr will not be
fulfilled and this fast will be regarded as a nafl fast.