The Nazr or Vowed Fasts

Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 3-Fasting, Zakaat, Qurbani, Hajj etc. / Sunday, August 31st, 2008
  1. If a person vows to
    keep a fast, it becomes wâjib upon him to fulfil it. If he does not
    do so he will be sinning.

  2. Nazr is of two types.
    One is that the person takes a vow by specifying the day and date by saying:
    “O Allâh! If a particular task of mine is fulfilled today, I will keep a
    fast for Your pleasure tomorrow.” Alternatively, he says: “O Allâh! If a
    certain wish of mine is fulfilled, I will keep a fast on the coming Friday.”
    When taking such a vow, it is permissible to make the intention at night or
    the following day until an hour before mid-day. In both cases the vow will
    be completed.

  3. A person had taken a
    vow to fast on Friday. When Friday came, he merely made the following
    intention: “Today I am fasting”, without specifying that this is a nazr
    fast. Alternatively he made the intention of keeping a nafl fast.
    Even then, the nazr fast will be fulfilled. However, if a person keeps a
    qada fast on this Friday and forgets to keep the nazr fast, or, he remembers
    but intentionally keeps a qada fast, then in such a case
    the nazr fast will not be fulfilled. Instead, the qada fast will be
    considered and he will have to repeat the nazr fast.

  4. The second type of
    nazr is that the person does not specify the day and date. He merely says:
    “O Allâh! If a particular task of mine is fulfilled, I will keep a fast.”
    Alternatively, he did not mention the task but merely said that he will keep
    five fasts. For such a nazr, it is a prerequisite to make the intention at
    night. If the intention is made in the morning, the nazr will not be
    fulfilled and this fast will be regarded as a nafl fast.

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