The Method of Offering Salaat


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 2-Salat and its virtues / Sunday, August 31st, 2008

1. After making the intention for salaat, say Allahu Akbar.
While saying Allahu Akbar, raise both the hands upto the shoulders.
However, one should not take out the hands out of the headgear or scarf (or
burqah
). Thereafter, the hands should be clasped onto the chest with the
palm of the right hand placed on the back of the left hand. Thereafter, the
following dua should be read:

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After reading A’udhu billah and Bismillah, she
should recite Surah Faatihah and after Wa lad daalleen, she should
say aameen. After reading Bismillah, she should recite some other
Surah.

She should then say Allahu Akbar and go into ruku
and read:

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Translation: Glory to my Lord, the most exalted.

This should be read three, five or seven times. In ruku,
the fingers of both hands should be together and placed on the knees. The arms
should be well joined to the sides and the ankles of both the feet should be
together. She should then read:

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Translation: Allah has heard the one who has praised
Him.

While saying this, she should raise her head.

Once she stands upright, she must say Allahu Akbar and
go down for sajdah. First, the knees should touch the ground, thereafter
the hands should be placed in line with her ears and the fingers should be close
together. Then place the head in-between both the hands. In sajdah, both
the forehead and the nose should touch the ground. The fingers and toes should
face the qiblah. But the feet should not be upright. Instead, they should
be taken out towards the right hand side. She should draw herself closely
together and press herself firmly while in sajdah. The stomach should be
joined to both the thighs, the arms to the sides, and both arms should be placed
on to the ground. In sajdah, she should read the following dua at
least three times:

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Translation: Glory to my Lord, the Highest.

She should then say Allahu Akbar and sit upright. She
should say Allahu Akbar again and go down for sajdah for a second
time, and read:

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at least three times. She should then say Allahu Akbar
and stand up. When standing up, she should not place her hands on the ground for
support.

She should then recite Bismillah, Surah Faatihah and
another Surah and thereafter complete her second rakaat in the
same way.

On completing the second sajdah, she should sit on her
left buttock and take out both her feet towards the right side. She should place
both her hands on her thighs and keep her fingers joined together. She should
then recite the following dua:

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On reaching the kalimah, she should make a circle with
the thumb and middle finger of the right hand. When she says La ilaha,
she should raise her forefinger, and on saying Illallahu she should drop
it. However, the circle should be maintained till the end of the salaat.

If it is a four rakaat salaat, she should not read
anything further. Instead, she should immediately say Allahu Akbar and
stand up and offer two additional rakaats. In the latter two rakaats of
the fard salaat, nothing should be recited after Surah Faatihah.
When she sits down for the fourth rakaat, she must recite the following
durood after reciting at-tahiyyaat:

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Thereafter, she should recite the following dua:

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or, the following dua:

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Alternatively, she could read any other dua that is
found in the Quran or Hadith. Thereafter, she should turn towards the right and
say As salaamu alaykum wa rahmatullah. She should then turn towards the
left and say the same thing. At the time of making salaam she should make
the intention of making salaam to the angels.

This is the method of offering salaat. If even one of the
fard
acts of salaat are missed out, the salaat will not be complete,
irrespective of whether it was missed out intentionally or unintentionally.
There are certain things which are wajib. If they are left out
intentionally then the salaat will become worthless and it will have to be
repeated. If a person does not repeat it, then although he will be absolved of
his fard duty, he will still be committing a sin. But if he leaves out a
wajib unintentionally, his salaat will become valid by making
sajdah-e-sahw
. There are certain things which are sunnah while others
are mustahab.

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