51. During the stay in Madina, whenever one is inside the mosque, ones eyes should be fixed on the Hujra Shareef; the Rowdha; wherein lies Rasulullah Sal’am. When one is outside the Masjid then one should time and again gaze at the Green Dome above the grave. Insha Allah this will be a reward act. (Shar’h Lubaab and Shar’h Manaasik of Nawawi). When looking at these two places do so in silence and with due respect.
“More preferable in my sight now is, the patient silence of my deep love for you; Than the loud exclamation of love;)
For often indeed the loud claims of a lover, from a breast with no effect and no depth.”
52. Spend as much of your time as is possible inside the Masjid for as long as you are in Madina. Try to recite at least one Khatam (complete recitation) of the Holy Qur’an. Spend as much time as you can in I’tikaaf there during the day and spend the nights or as much thereof as possible in the worship of Allah. These are blessed times that you may never experience again. (Shar’h Lubaab). In ‘Zubda’ Qutube Alam Rah wrote: “While in Madina continue reading the Qur’aan and making Zikr, recite many salawaat, spend the night in prayer and waste not the days.”
53. In ‘Zubda’ we read: “Having visited the Holy grave, try to visit the graves in Jannatul Baqi daily or at least on every Friday for there lie buried Uthman R.A., Hazrat Abbas R.A., Hazrat Hasan R.A., Hazrat Ibrahim R.A., the infant of Rasulullah Sal’am and the wives of Rasulullah Sal’am. The visitor to Madina should preferably visit the Baqi daily whereas the permanent residents should do so every Friday. (Lubaab)
Hazrat Imaam Nawawi Rah states that to do so daily is mustahab and especially on Fridays, but it should at all times be preceded by greetings at the grave of Rasulullah Sal’am. In the Baqi the graves of other well-known sahaba should also be visited e.g. hazrat Ibrahim R.A. Hazrat Zainul Aabideen R.A., Hazrat Muhammad Baaqir Bin Ali R.A. and Hazrat Ja’far bin Muhammad R.A., etc. and last but not least Hazrat Safiya R.A., the aunt of Rasulullah Sal’am. It should be noted that a visit to the Baqi is a virtuous act and numerous Hadith can be quoted explaining the virtues thereof. Some of the Hadith are mentioned at the end of chapter ten, Hadith number nine.
In the Shar’h of Manaasik, Hazrat Ibn Hajar Rah, writes that in the Baqi one should first of all proceed towards the grave of Hazrat Uthman R.A. if however the visitor passes the grave of any of the other Holy ones en route to the resting place of Hazrat Uthman R.A. he should merely recite salaam and proceed. Having greeted Hazrat Uthman R.A. in the proper manner he may now return to those he had passed. This is because Hazrat Uthman R.A., is the most virtuous of all those resting in the Baqi. Thereafter visit the grave of Hazrat Abbas R.A., uncle of Rasulullah Sal’am.
A very large number of sahaba (companions) are buried in Baqi. Hazrat Imaam Maalik Rah, puts their number at ten thousand; and the ulama advise that duaa and eesal-e-thawaab should be made for all. (Shar’h Manaasik)
Hazrat Imaam Ghazaali Rah writes; “It is mustahab that one should greet Rasulullah Sal’am everyday; and thereafter the inmates of Baqi.” In It’haaf a hadith is reported wherein Imaam Muslim relates from hazrat Aa’isha R.A; “On the evening of those days-when Rasulullah Sal’am used to come to me-Rasulullah Sal’am always used to visit the Jannatul Baqi.”
Among some ulama there is a difference of opinion as to where one should commence the visit to Baqi. Some say that one should start at the grave of Hazrat Uthman R.A. in view of the fact that he is the most virtuous of all buried there, whereas others say that one should visit Hazrat Ibrahim R.A., son of Rasulullah Sal’am. Rasulullah Sal’am is reported to have said that: “If Ibrahim had been alive he would have been a Nabi”. Some even felt that one should start with Hazrat Abbas R.A., as he is the uncle of Rasululllah Sal’am. Further more, on entering Baqi, his is the first grave one passes and it would be very inadvisable to pass there without salaam. Then near there we have the grave of Hazrat Hasan R.A., and other members of the household of Rasulullah Sal’am, and together they are more virtuous than Hazrat Uthman Rah. According to Hazrat Mullah Ali Quari R.A. this is very suitable and makes it easy for the visitor because these graves are near the entrance of the Baqi.
54. Hazrat Imaam Ghazaali Rah, writes that it is mustahab for the visitor to Madina to visit the graves of the Shohada (martyrs) of Ohad on every Thursday. One should perform Fajr salaah in the Masjidun Nabawi and proceed so that one may return before Zuhr so that salaah is made with jamaat in the masjid. Perhaps Thursday is chosen for this visit because it was on that day that this epic battle was fought, or because on this day the people of Madina have a semi-holiday, or because it was on the morning of this day that Rasulullah Sal’am prayed for blessings on this ummat or gave some good news. (Ithaaf). According to Hazrat Mullah Ali Qari Rah: “The visitor should make two different niyyats (intentions) to visit Mount Ohad because the virtues of Mount Ohad itself too have been expounded in the Hadith. Hence it is most advisable to proceed from Madina for Ohad because early on a Thursday morning so that one may return by Zuhr salaah time. On arrival there one should first present himself at the grave of the great martyr Hazrat Hamza R.A. uncle of Rasulullah Sal’am about whom Rasulullah Sal’am is reported to have said: “The best of my uncles is Hamza.” And “on the day of Qiyaamah Hamza shall be the leader of all the Shohada in the way of Allah.” There the visitor should stand with humility, humbleness and respect having all regard for his nobility and honor before presenting himself at the graves of the rest of those who fell in the Battle of Ohad for the sake of Allah and Islam.
55. Another noteworthy place of ziyaarat is the Masjid Quba. Hazrat Imaam Nawawi Rah stressed the importance of visiting it saying that it is best for the visitor to Madina to go there on a Saturday with the niyyat of both visiting the Masjid as well as performing salaat in it. According to an authentic hadith of Tirmizi: “Performing salaah in the Masjid of Quba is equal to performing Umra.” Another Hadith states that Rasulullah Sal’am used to visit the Masjid of Qubla on every Saturday.
Hazrat Mullah Ali Qari Rah, writes: “After the Mosque of Mecca, the Mosque of Madina and Baitul Muqaddas, the Mosque of Quba is next in virtue.” In fact a saying of Rasulullah Sal’am says: “For me to perform two rakahs in the Mosque of Quba is more liked than I should travel to Baitul Maqaddas twice.” However in spite of that (if we take all other hadith and facts into consideration) Baitul Muqaddas is definitely held in higher esteem. A point to bear in mind here is that when something is held in high esteem it does not mean that it is necessary for it to be preferred above other similar virtuous things.
Rasulullah Sal’am used to prefer visiting Quba on Saturdays. He also went there on a Monday and on the 20th Ramadhan.
56. After these places one should also visit the other blessed places of Madina. According to Hazrat Imaam Nawawi Rah, there are about thirty such places well known to the people of Madina. Similarly there are seven famous wells, from the waters of which the visitor should drink. These are the wells from the waters of which Raulullah Sal’am used to perform wudhu and ghusl.
Hazrat Imaam Ghazali Rah, also stresses the visits to these wells. He says that one should go to the well of Bir Arees near Masjid Quba, drink of its water and perform wudhu. It is related that Rasulullah Sal’am allowed of the sweetness of his mouth (saliva) to fall into this well. Of similar importance is the well near the Masjidul Fatah in the vicinity of the Knandaq (trench). In any case the visitor should endeavor to visit these blessed places well known to the people of Madina and drink of these waters with the niyyat and prayer for health and blessing. The names of these wells are mentioned in Ithaaf as follows: Bir-e-Arees, Bir-e-Kha, Bir-e-Rooma, Bir-Aras, Bir-Buda’ah, and Bir-Bassa. These total six. As for the seventh there is a difference of opinion as to which one of the following it is Bir-Suqya, Bir-Ahn, or Bir-Jamal. Ithaaf also mentions ahadith about these wells.
The writer of Lubab points out that there are altogether seventeen wells about which it is reported that Rasulullah Sal’am used of their waters. Not all of these are known today as also is the case of many masjids between Mecca and Madina where Rasulullah Sal’am is reported to have performed some act. Most of these are mentioned in Ziyaratul Haramayn and should be seen in the Holy Land.
57. During the stay in Madina give as much sadaqah as possible to the people of Madina. The author of Lubab writes that the original inhabitants of Madina or those that have settled in Madina are more entitled to sadaqah than those residing elsewhere because it is waajib to love the residents of this Holy city. Imaam Nawawi states that as many facts as possible should be kept during the stay in Madina. Similarly as much charity as possible should be given to those living in the neighborhood of Rasulullah Sal’am for this will be regarded as it you have served him.
58. Whenever you purchase anything in Madina do so with the intention of assisting the merchants in their trade. Say to yourself that this is the way of livelihood carries on they will be able to live without want and the visitor having partly being the means to this end.
Bearing these points in mind and buying with these noble thoughts one will not be troubled by the thought of having been extravagant in that more money was spent than was necessary. In actual fact that will then be a form of charity on condition that such was the niyyat. It is even advisable to buy some goods specifically with this in mind. In such cases the trader will be able to benefit thereby for as long as the money remains with him which can be for a long time since his business prospers. As for those who are not traders one should present gifts to them. It is better that the niyyat should not be for sadaqah. Because the people of Madina are of noble offspring one should rather present gifts to them.
59. Behavior towards the people of Madina must be in best and noble manner. These are the neighbors of Rasulullah Sal’am. Hazrat Allama Zurqani Rah, says: “Honor the people of Madina and even though some unpleasantness may be experienced with them or becomes known about them still they are worthy of honor by virtue of being neighbors of Rasulullah Sal’am having enough to be proud of. Even though they commit any unbecoming acts they do not become deprived of being neighbors of Rasulullah Sal’am for as long as they remain there.
Rasulullah Sal’am said: “Hazrat Jibra’il A.S. repeatedly advised me regarding correct behavior towards neighbors.” In this Hadith all neighbors are included. The hadith did not only refer to the righteous ones and excluding the unrighteous. It includes the God-fearing one as well as the evildoer. Let it be known that even though one of them accuse another of having discarded the practice of Rasulullah Sal’am (and this is proved to have been true) then too it does not mean that he should be deprived of the honor and respect gained by virtue of being a neighbor of Rasulullah Sal’am. In fact there is great hope that Allah will grant him the ability to return to the path and Insha-Allah die the death of the righteous.
Says the poet: “O you people of Madina Tayyiba; Through the greatly beloved lying in
Your midst; You are all to me most beloved.”
The writer of the above couplet continued to write numerous verses in praise of the people of Madina.
Once Hazrat Imaam Malik Rah, visited the Hazrat Khalifa Al Mahdi Rah. The khalifa implored of hazrat Imaam Malik Rah to advise him to which the esteemed Imaam said: “I advise you to fear Allah and to be mindful of your duty towards him. Then behave towards the people of Madina with mercy and gentleness because they are the inhabitants of the city of Rasulullah Sal’am. Regarding his neighbors, the people of Madina, Rasulullah Sal’am said: “Madina is the city towards which is my flight (hijrat), there shall be my grave and there shall I be raised up on the Day of Qiyaamah. Its inhabitants are my neighbors. It is the responsibility of my ummat to care for them. Whoever for my sake fulfils their needs , for him shall I act as an intercessor or witness and whoever disregards my advice about my neighbors, him shall Allah cause to drink of Tinatul Khibaal (a most distasteful punishment). According to another hadith Tinatul Khibaal is a drink that consists of blodd, sweat, puss etc. of the inmates of Jahannam.
60. Hazrat Imaam Nawawi Rah, states that among the aadab of Madina it is also required that the visitor should at all times be mindful of the sanctity of the city and tat this indeed is the place chosen by Allah for the repose of his beloved Rasool after his flight from Mecca. Here then is the place where Rasulullah Sal’am used to tread on.
Hazrat Imaam Ghazali Rah, writes: “When first you set eyes on Madina let this come into mind that this is the city which Allah had chosen for His messenger and to which he was to flee for safety. This is the city where Allah revealed to him the obligatory duties of a Muslim. He set forth the sunnat of his deen and here is the place from where he had to fight against the enemies. Here is the place where his deen became victorious and here he strove until death overtook him. Here he lies buried and also his two successors. Here at every step one finds the spots where his feet once trod. Proceeding forward step lightly in dignified manner thinking that you are now treading on the soil where surely lie the footprints of Rasulullah Sal’am. Keep in mind the description of his walk and gait as explained in the Hadith. Keep in mind his greatness and his elevated position. He whose name Allah has connected to his own. Fear for yourself that there in those hallowed surroundings you do not commit such acts which are evil and whereby your good deeds are all wiped out.
Regarding this Hazrat Imaam Ghazali actually referred to the verse of Qur’an which says:
“O you who believe, raise not your voices above the voice of the prophet nor speak aloud to him as you may speak aloud to one another lest your deeds become vain and you perceive not.” (Hujurat 2)
We have already dealt with this verse in detail. (NO. 31) Imaam Ghazali Rah, continues: “Then think about the time when the Hazrat Sahaba Rah used to be with Rasulullah Sal’am looking at him, listening to him and benefiting from him.”
“When in the garden, on the branches,
A beauteous rose did bloom,
Thousands were the nightingales around
With sweetly voice,
When came the day of parting as the
Rose ceased to bloom,
Long was the cry of lamenting:
“Here was the rose.”
Thereafter feel sorry that before now you have been deprived of the blessing to have visited Rasulullah Sal’am and the hazrat Sahaba Rah. This is the position here in this world. What will be the state in the hereafter? Will you be allowed to come before Rasulullah sal’am with all the excitement and exultation or will you be denied this honor and turned away in disgrace? Will evil deeds deprive you of the pleasure of being in his presence?
Rasulullah Sal’am has said: “On the day of Qiyyamah some people will be turned away from me. I shall say: “But these are my people.” To which shall be replied: “You are unaware of what they did after you.”
Thus dear reader, if you have acted against the commands of Shariat of Muhammad Sal’am then be not unmindful of your position. Do not be at ease thinking that your evil deeds will not come between you and Rasulullah Sal’am.
At the time of entering Madina have the hope that just as Allah had brought you from far off lands to the door of Rasulullah Sal’am so also is it not too much to hope that Allah in His mercy will not deprive us the hereafter of meeting him.
May Allah grant this meeting to this humble writer through the waseelah of his beloved Nabi Muhammad Sal’am. Ameen.
61. Having completed the visit to the grave of Rasulullah Sal’am and the Holy Places of Madina, the visitor should first perform two farewell rekaahs in the Masjidun Nabawi, preferably in the Rowdha. Then offer the farewell salaam to Rasulullah Sal’am. Now before leaving Madina, pray for your needs and for acceptance by Allah of your Haj and ziyaarat. Pray also for a safe return to your home and that this should not be your last presence in the Holy Land.
Let the tears flow at the time of parting. If sincere, these tears can be a sign of acceptance. When tears do not flow then at least imitate those who cry. On departing give charity and read those sunnat prayers normally read on returning from somewhere. Depart now in the sunnat manner.