The Manner of performing the Ziyarat Part 4

Chapter 09 - The Aadaab for the Ziyaarat, Dawah & Tabligh, Virtues of Hajj (Fazail e Hajj) / Sunday, November 7th, 2010

31. Let it be noted that every care be taken that at the time of reciting salaam, no noise, shouting and loud voices be heard. The voice should be raised only sufficiently to reach inside the room. Hazrat Mulla Ali Qari Rah says: “The voice should not be unduly raised neither unduly lowered. Choose a tone between these two extremes. Let the heart be mindful of what is being read and be ashamed before the Rasul Sal’am for the wrong acts committed. It is related in a Hadith in the Bukhari Shareef: “Hazrat Saaib R.A. reports that he was in the mosque in Madina when someone threw a small stone at him. Looking around he saw Hazrat Umar R.A. who indicated him to come to him. He went and Hazrat Umar R.A. said: “Please bring those two people to me-those two talking over there.” Hazrat Saaib R.A. brought them. Hazrat Umara R.A. asked them where they were from and they said: ‘From Taif.’ Hazrat Umar R.A. said: “You two are conversing with each other in loudly raised voices. If you had been inhabitants of this city, I would have punished you.” Muhammad bin Maslama R.A. says: “NO one is allowed to raise hi voice in speech in this Mosque.” (Sharhi shifa). The story about Sayyidna Hazrat Umar R.A. as just quoted is reported by various writers. In some of the reports Hazrat Umar R.A. is supposed to have added: “I would have beat them with lashes causing immense pain (for conversing loudly).” However, being strangers to the city and being unaware of what is right and wrong, he excused them.
Whenever Hazrat Aa’isha R.A. used to hear any noise near the grave, she sent someone to beg them to be quite and to bear in mind the fact that those things disturb the Rasul Sal’am.
Hazrat Ali R.A. required a door to be made for his house. He asked the carpenter to kindly go and construct it at Baqi, so that the noise of constructing it does not reach the Rasul Sal’am.
In Mawahib Hazrat Allama Qastalani Rah writes: “The same respect should be shown to the Rasul Sal’am at this time as would have been shown to him in his lifetime, because he is indeed alive in his grave.” (Sharh Mawaahib)
Allah specially instructs in this direction in the Qur’aan when he says in Surah Hujuraat:
‘O You who believe, Raise not your voices above the voice of the Nabi, nor speak aloud to him in talk, as you speak aloud to one another, lest your deeds become vain and you perceive not.’
Hazrat Imaam Bukhari R.A. relates regarding this verse that once in the presence of Rasulullah Sal’am a discussion took place between Hazrat Abu Bakr R.A. and Hazrat Umar R.A. where these two had a difference of opinion. The conversation led to raised voices, whereupon this verse was revealed. When Allah warns the likes of Hazrat Abu Bakr R.A. and Hazrat Umar R.A. with such stern words, how much should we not fear that punishment? In another Hadith it is said that Hazrat Umar R.A. became so affected by this that thereafter he lowered his voice so much that whenever he spoke he had to be asked to repeat hi words. Hazrat Abu Bakr R.A said: “O Rasulullah Sal’am! From now I shall address you as if I am talking to you about something secret.” It is reported that Hazrat Thabit bin Qais Rah used to have a naturally loud voice. Since the above verse was revealed he became immensely sad and distressed saying: “I shall enter Jahannam for I always speak loudly.” Thereafter he confined himself to his house not setting foot from there. A few days later the Nabi Sal’am, on missing him, inquired about him and was informed of what happened. The Nabi Sal’am consoled him and gave him the glad tiding of his being one of the inmates of Jannah. (Durre Mansoor)
So whoever visits the grave of the Rasul Sal’am should take great precaution against making noise there.

32. After greeting the Nabi Sal’am, pray to Allah through the name of the Rasul Sal’am. Beg the intercession of the Rasul Sal’am. Many learned ones consider it prohibited to accept waseelah. But the majority accepts it. In ‘Mughni’, which is an authentic book of Hambali fiqh, we have the following duaa to be recited together with the salutation at the grave of the Nabi Sal’am:
“O Allah, Your word is the truth, and You did say: ‘And O Muhammad when they having been unjust to their ownselves, come to you and seek Allah’s forgiveness, and the Rasul begs forgiveness for them, then surely they will find Allah oft Forgiving, Merciful.’ And now have I come to you O Rasul seeking forgiveness for my sins, seeking your intercession on my behalf in the presence of Allah; and I ask You O Allah to grant me these, and to grant me forgiveness in a similar manner as You had granted to them who came to the Rasul in his lifetime.”
The same words are also reported in Sharah Kabeer and in both these books we have the story of Atabi reported in the previous chapter.
Once the Hazrat Khalifa Mansoor R.A. asked Hazrat Imaam Malik Rah: “When saying a prayer at the grave of Rasulullah Sal’am should one face the Nabi Sal’am or towards the Qibla?” Imam Malik reported: “How can you possibly turn your face away from him when he is your medium (waseelah) and also the waseelah of your father Hazrat Adam A.S. Turn your face to him and beg his intercession on your behalf because Allah accepts his plea for you.”
Hazrat Allama Zurqani Rah says that the story already quoted has been reported by Hazrat Qazi Ayaaz Rah through very authentic sources, which it is wrong to deny. In his Mawaahib Hazrat Allama Qastalani Rah (Shafii) says: “The visitor to the grave of Rasulullah Sal’am should pray a lot to Allah through the waseelah of Rasulullah Sal’am and should beg his intercession because the personality of Rasulullah Sal’am is such that when through him intercession is sought Allah accepts.
The same thoughts as above are mentioned by Hazrat Allama Khalil Maliki Rah as reported by Hazrat Allama Zurqani Rah. In Hazrat Fathul Qadeer Ibn Humaam Rah says: “After salaams to Rasulullah Sal’am make duaa to Allah through the waseelah of Rasulullah Sal’am and beg for his intercession. The words for Shafaa’ah are:
“O Rasulullah, I beg your intercession and through you I beg of Allah to let me dies as a Muslim on the religion brought by you and in the practice preached by you.”
Imam Nawawi wrote (after mentioning the greeting to hazrat Umar R.A.) “Now return to the place where you first stood, make duaa for yourself through the waseelah of Rasulullah Sal’am and it will be best to use those words which had been used by Atabi.
Ibn Hajra Makki (Shafi) says: ‘Praying through the waseelah of Rasulullah Sal’am has been the practice of the saintly elders of Islam. Prophets and saints have done the same. Haakim quotes a Hadith, which he says is correct: “When hazrat Adam A.S. ate of the forbidden tree he prayed to Allah for forgiveness through the waseelah of Muhammad Sal’am.”
Allah asked: “O Adam, how did you know Muhammad?” Hazrat Adam A.S. replied: “O Allah when Thou didst create me and blew life into me, I looked up and saw written on the Holy Throne:
There is no God save Allah, Muhammad Sal’am is His Messenger.’
Then I understood that Thou didst join to Thy name the name of him who is most beloved in Thy sight.”
Allah replied: “Indeed is he the most beloved to Me among all beings and since you have asked for pardon through him, I have now forgiven your fault.”
Further it is reported by Nasa’ee and Tirmizhi that a blind man came to Nabi Sal’am asking him to pray for the return of his lost sight. The Nabi Sal’am replied: “If you so wish, I shall pray on your behalf, but if you are prepared to suffer patiently it shall be better.” The blind man desired that the Nabi Sal’am pray for return of his sight. The Nabi Sal’am said to him: “Perform wudhu properly and then pray to Allah in these words.
“O Allah, I beseech Thee and I turn to Thee through Thy Nabi, the Prophet of Mercy Muhammad Sal’am; O Muhammed Sal’am through thee do I turn to my Lord for my great need that it may be fulfilled. O Allah do Thou accept the intercession of Muhammad Sal’am on my behalf.”
This hadith has been noted as correct (sahih) by both Tirmizhi and Bayhaqi. The latter adds that after this prayer his sight was restored.
Hazrat Imaam Tabrani rah mentions a hadith from very authentic reporters wherein the Nabi Sal’am prayed thus: “O Lord (I beg of You) through the love of Your Nabi and the Nabis before me…”
Hazrat Ibn Hajar Rah further enlightens us on this matter and with regard to the above duaa, a special event (No.33) is quoted in the section dealing with stories about Ziyaarat.

33. It is obvious from the above-mentioned that while beseeching Allah the face should be turned towards Rasulullah Sal’am. Although the general etiquette of duaa if to face the Qiblah, but at this place if that is done then the back will be towards Rasulullah (SAW) which will indeed be disrespectful towards his blessed personality. Therefore duaa should be made facing him.

34. Now having recited the salaam, it may be so that someone else had asked you to convey his greetings to the Rasul Sal’am. Hence convey the message thus: “Salam to you O Messenger of Allah from such and such a person who begs your intercession with Allah on his behalf.”
If this becomes difficult to say in Arabic then do so in Urdu or in your own language.
Hazrat Imaam Zurqani Rah says: ‘If any person had asked you to convey his salaam and you had accepted and promised to do so, it then becomes waajib to convey his message because it becomes like the keeping of a trust which one had accepted. (Amaanat)
Ithaaf states that among the elders it had been the custom since many centuries to send their greetings to Rasulullah Sal’am through the medium of others. In fact some rulers used to dispatch special messengers with the duty to convey salaam to Rasulullah Sal’am as Hazrat Umar Abdul Aziz R.A. used to do.
The writer of these lines also begs of the reader that should Allah grant him to be present at the Holy Tomb of Rasulullah Sal’am that the reader remembers to say on my behalf.
‘Salaams to you O Rasulullah from Zikariya bin Yahya al Kandhlawi, who begs your intercession with Allah on his behalf.’
And if it becomes difficult to say this then merely convey my salaam to the Rasul Allah in your own language.

35. After the greetings to Rasulullah Sal’am move one step to the right and recite greetings to Hazrat Abu Bakr R.A. According to reliable reports the body of Hazrat Abu Bakr R.A. lies buried behind that of the Rasul Sal’am in such a manner that the head is in line with the shoulder blades of Rasulullah Sal’am. For this reason the fact of Hazrat Abu Bakr R.A. will be about one foot to the right of Rasulullah Sal’am.

36. Thereafter take one more step to the right and recite salaam to Hazrat Umar R.A. because the most reliable report says that Hazrat Umar R.A. lies behind Hazrat Abu Bakr R.A. his head being in line with the shoulder blades of Hazrat Abu Bakr R.A.

37. If anyone had asked for his greetings to be conveyed then do so in respect of both Hazrat Abu Bakr R.A. and Hazrat Umar R.A. and if you remember this weak and humble writer then convey my heart felt greetings to both. May Allah reward you well?

38. Many ulama have mentioned that after one had recited salaam to both these two Khalifas of Islam individually, one should then take up a position between the two and recite salaam to the two of them together. For this collective salaam the following words are mentioned in Zubda: ” Salaam to you both companions lying besides Rasulullah Sal’am who are his companions and assistants. May Allah reward you both well. We have come to you begging your intercession with Rasulullah Sal’am that he may intercede on our behalf with Allah and request Allah to case us to live on his religion and his sunnat and that he lift us on the Day of Resurrection among his special followers and also for all the Muslim peoples.”
Regarding this salaam, some have it longer and in some cases it is shorter whereas some others again did not even mention it. Those who left it out felt that having recited salaam separately and individually to both Khalifas it is not necessary to do so collectively. However repeating the salaam here is merely out of respect. The important point is to beg of these two pure souls their intercession with Rasulullah Sal’am.

39. Return now to where you first stood facing Rasulullah Sal’am, lift up the hands and thank Allah for all favors granted. Recite Salawaat once more on Rasulullah Sal’am and make duaa to Allah through the waseelah of Rasulullah Sal’am for yourself, your parents, ustaads, your family members and friends and for all those who had asked you to pray for them. Pray for all the Muslim Nations for all the Muslims who are living and also for those who have died. And if you remember then join the name of this humble author also in your prayers.

40. There are altogether seven reports as to the situation of the blessed resting-places of Rasulullah Sal’am and his two companions. Two of these are very reliable and I now wish to explain them so that readers may understand this more easily.
Firstly the situation is like this:
Rasulullah Sal’am
Abu Bakr R.A.
Umar RA.
In Wafa-ul-Wafa Allama Samhudi mentions all seven positions and stated that this one is the correct one. Ithaaf agrees with him.
Secondly the situation is like this.

Umar RA. Rasulullah Sal’am
Abu Bakr R.A.

This second arrangement is mentioned by Abu Dawood and Haakim considers it to be correct.
Hazrat Imaam Zurqani Rah says in Sharah Mawaahib that of the seven mentioned positions of the bodies, two are reliable. The majority of the ulama agree to the first one being correct. Razeen relied on it and hazrat Imaam Nawawi Rah says that it is the best known of all the saying in this regard.

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