11. Before entering the Holy City the visitor should cleanse himself by means of a bath (Ghusl). If however it is not possible, this should be done after entrance, but in any case before visiting the Mosque. When ghusl cannot be preformed, then at least Wudhu should be made.
Having bathed, one’s best clothes should be worn, sweet smelling itr should be applied and such should one appear, as is normally the case on the days of Eid. With great humility and the utmost humbleness yet in full-dignified manner should be the procession to the Haram.
It should report that a deputation from the tribe of Abdul Qais once came to visit the Holy Messenger of Allah in Madina. On entering Madina, they saw the Rasul Sal’am and at once their joy, pleasure and excitement knew no bounds. They jumped from their camels and ran in his direction to meet him. Among them was their leader Munzir bin Aa’iz who was also called the Shaikh of Abdul Qais, he did not follow them. Instead he led their camels to the resting-place, gathered all their goods ad placed everything under care. Thereafter he bathed himself, put on his new clothes and slowly proceeded in the direction of the Mosque in dignity and humility. First on entering the mosque he performed two rak’ah Tahiyatul Masjid salaah, lifted his hands in prayer to Allah and then presented himself before the Nabi Sal’am. The Nabi Sal’am greatly approved this action of his and said to him: “there are two characteristics in you which are most beloved to Allah; Your Humbleness and your dignity.”
12. According to some ulama it has been noted as one of the aadaab to give substance in charity at a time like this; especially before entering the mosque. Hazrat Ibn Hajar Rah says it is sunnat to give sadaqah even though it is a small amount; and the recipients should best be of the poor inhabitants of Madina. However if there are more needy ones among people who are not Medinites then they should be preferred. In my humble opinion the underlying idea in giving charity at a time like this is most probably due to the Qur’anic verse:
“O You who believe! When you consult the Prophet in private; spend something in charity before your private consultation. That will be best for you, and most conducive to purity. But if you find not, Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful.”
Originally this charity was compulsory. Thereafter the compulsory nature of the order was abrogated by the verse following it. Hazrat Ali R.A. says: “I was the very first one to act according to this verse. When this verse was revealed I had in my possession one dinaar. I changed it into dirhams. Whenever I conversed with Rasulullah Sal’am, I gave one dirham in charity. Thereafter this command was abrogated.”
13. Entering Madina the visitor should recite the prescribed prayers for this occasion and enter with humbleness and humility. In the heart should be the sorrow of not having been able to visit the Rasul Sal’am before this moment; the sorrow of not having been able to visit him during his worldly life; the hope of meeting him in the hereafter while fearing the worst. The mind should realize that entrance is about to be made to the dignified presence of a very great personality. His high position, his honor, his exalted eminence should at all times be borne in mind with salawaat flowing from the lips.
14. When the green dome of the mosque comes into sight, remember the Nabi Sal’am rank of honor and exalted position. Let the mind remember that underneath that Dome lies buried he who is more exalted than any other being, the sire among the Prophets; he who is more exalted then even the angels. His grave is more exalted than any part of the earth and the portion adjacent to his Holy body is even more exalted than the Ka’bah itself; more even than the throne (arsh), the kursi; even more than any other place in heaven and on earth. (Lubbab)
15. Having entered the city proceed straight to the mosque. (When you have women with you or good s then it is a different case). The ulama have stated that one should first of all visit the mosque. Infact this was the practice of the Nabi Sal’am himself that whenever he returned from a journey e first descended at the mosque.
16. As for women, when they enter Madina by day it is best that they wait till the darkness before performing Ziyaarat, because for them it is necessary to follow all those things at all times that are stipulated under Pardah.
17. Enter the mosque with all the aadaab of entering a masjid. Enter fist with the right foot, then the left. Recite the stipulated duaa. (Allahummah tahli Abwaaba Rahmatik) and make the niyyat of I’tikaaf. If one make s niyyat of I’tikaaf on entering any mosque, reward is granted for the mere presence in the mosque. Therefore one should always do so.
18. It is best to enter through the door called Baab Jibra’il because the Nabi Sal’am himself always preferred entering through that door. The quarters of his wives were probably situated on that side (Sharh Manaasik of Nawawi). However it is not compulsory that one should enter from this door. Any other may be used. (Sharah Lubaab)
19. Retain all humility and humbleness when inside the mosque. Keep the attention away from all the internal decorations of the mosque itself. Keep the mind away from the architecture, the adornments of the carpets, pillars, chandeliers, etc. proceed with dignity, with eyes cast down and go forward respectfully, while avoiding any disrespectful action and any indifference which may be a cause of great loss.
20. Having now entered the mosque, endeavor to reach the Rowdha-tul Jannat. It is that portion which lies between the Holy Tomb and the Mimbar and is called Rowdah because the Nabi Sal’am is reported to have said: “Between my grave and my mimbar lies one of the gardens of paradise.” When one enters from Baab Jibra’il it is best to proceed behind the grave straight to the Rowdha (garden), so that one need not pass in front of the grave without having recited the greetings.