Rasulullah’s sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam blessed name is Muhammad. His father’s name is ‘Abdullâh, who is the son of ‘Abdul Muttalib, who is the son of Hâshim, who is the son of ‘Abd Manâf. His mother’s name is Âminah, who is the daughter of Wahb, who is the son of ‘Abd Manâf, who is the son of Zuhrah. This ‘Abd Manâf is not the same as the previous one.
He was born on a Monday in the month of Rabî‘ al-Awwal in the same year that a kâfir king invaded Makkah on an elephant and tried to destroy the Ka’bah. When he was five years and two days old, his foster mother handed him over to his actual mother. When he was six years old, his mother took him to the tribe of his grandfather, the Banû Najjâr. She remained there for one month with him. On their return, his mother passed away at a place called Abwâ’. A woman by the name of Umme Ayman was also with them. She took him to Makkah. His father had passed away when his mother was still expecting him. His grandfather, ‘Abdul Muttalib, therefore took the responsibility of rearing him. On the death of his grandfather, his uncle, Abû Tâlib, took over this responsibility.
His uncle took him to Syria for business. On the way to Syria, a Christian scholar and mystic by the name of Buhayrah saw him and informed his uncle that he should protect him because he is a prophet. His uncle therefore took him back to Makkah. Later he went again to Syria with the goods of Khadîjah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ. On the way, a Christian scholar and mystic by the name of Nasturah testified to his being a prophet. When he returned from Syria, Khadîjah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ married him. He was 25 years old at the time while she was 40 years old.
When he was 40 years of age, he received prophethood. When he was 52 or 53 years of age, he experienced the mi‘râj. After receiving prophethood, he remained in Makkah for approximately 13 years. When the oppression of the kuffâr of Makkah increased, he migrated to Madînah under the orders of Allah. Within two years of reaching Madînah, the decisive battle of Badr took place. Several battles took place thereafter. All the major and minor battles total 35.
He had married 11 women, out of which two had passed away in his very lifetime. They are, Khadîjah and Zaynab bint Khuzaymah radiyallâhu ‘anhumâ. When he passed away, he left behind 9 wives. They are : Saudah, ‘Â’ishah, Hafsah, Umme Salamah, Zaynab bint Jahsh, Umme Habîbah, Juwayriyah, Maymûnah, and Safiyyah radiyallâhu ‘anhunna.
He had four daughters, the eldest of whom was Zaynab radiyallâhu ‘anhâ. After her was Ruqayyah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ, thereafter Umme Kulthûm radiyallâhu ‘anhâ, and the youngest was Fâtimah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ. All these daughters were from Khadîjah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ. He had three, four or five sons (there is no certainty in the number due to a difference in the narrations). They are : Qâsim, ‘Abdullâh, Tayyib and Tâhir. All these sons were from Khadîjah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ. There was one more son by the name of Ibrâhîm who was begotten by Mâriyah. She was the slave-girl of Rasulullah Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam. This last son passed away when he had not been weaned as yet. In this way we get five. Some of the scholars say that the name of ‘Abdullâh is also Tayyib. In this way we get four. Other scholars say that Tayyib and Tâhir are also names of Abdullâh. In this way we get three. ‘Abdullâh was born after prophethood and passed away in Makkah. The other sons passed away before prophethood.
Rasulullah Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam remained in Madînah for 10 years. He fell ill on a Wednesday, two days before the end of the month of Safar and passed away on a Monday on the 12th of Rabî‘ al-Awwal at the time of châsht, at the age of 63. He was buried on Tuesday afternoon. According to some historians, he was buried on Tuesday night. The reason for this delay is that on account of the sorrow and sadness of the Sahâbah, they were unable to function properly.
From the daughters of Rasulullah Sallallâho ‘Alaihi Wassallam, Zaynab radiyallâhu ‘anhâ had a son by the name of ‘Alî and a daughter by the name of Umâmah. However, the progeny of both did not continue. Ruqayyah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ had a son by the name of ‘Abdullâh but he passed away at the age of six. Umme Kulthûm did not have any children. Fâtimah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ had two sons by the name of Hasan and Husayn radiyallâhu ‘anhumâ. Their progeny spread far and wide.