THE BOOKS OF HADITH WRITTEN IN THE SECOND CENTURY


Chapter 3, Hadith & Seerah, The Authority of Sunnah / Saturday, August 30th, 2008

The basic characteristic of the books written in the second century is that a large number of them were arranged subject wise, while the books of the first century were not. However, compilations without due arrangement continued in this century too. The list of books compiled in this period is very long. Few prominent books are referred to here.

1. Book of Abdul Malik ibn Juraij (d.150 A.H.)

2. Muwatta, of Malik ibn Anas (93-179 A.H.)

3. Muwatta, of Ibn Abi Zi’b (80-158 A.H.)

4. Maghazi of Muhammad ibn Ishaq (d.151 A.H.)

5. Musnad of Rabi’ ibn Sabih (d.160 A.H.)

6. Book of Said ibn Abi ‘Arubah (d.156 A.H.)

7. Book of Hammad ibn Salmah (d. 167 A.H.)

8. Jame’ Sufyan al Thauri (97-161 A.H.)

9. Jame’ Ma’mar ibn Rashid (95-153 A.H.)

10. Book of Abdurrahman al Awza’i (88-157 A.H.)

11. Kitab at zuhd by Abdullah ibn al Mubarak (118-181)

12. Book of Hushaim ibn Bashir (104-183 A.H.)

13. Book of Jarir ibn Abdul Hamid (1 10-188 A.H.)

14. Book of Abdullah ibn Wahb (125-197 A.H.)

15. Book of Yahya ibn Abi Kathir (d. 129 A.H.)

16. Book of Muhammad ibn Suqah (d. 135 A.H.)

17. Tafsir of Zaid ibn Aslain (d.136 A.H.)

18. Book of Musa ibn ‘Uqbah (d.141 A.H)

19. Book of Ash’ath ibn ‘Abdul Malik (d.142)

20. Book of Aqil ibn Kahalid (d.142 A.H.)

21. Book of Yahya ibn Sa’id Ansari(d.143)

22. Book of Awf ibn Abi Jamilah (d.146)

23. Books of Jafar ibn Muhammad al Sadiq (d.148)

24. Book of Yunus ibn Yazid (d.152 A.H.)

25. Books of Abdurrahman al Mas’udi (d. 160)

26. Books of Zaidah ibn Qudamah (d.161)

27. Books of Ibrahim al Tahinan (d.163)

28. Books of Abu Hamzah at Sukri (d.167)

29. Algharaib by Shu’bah ibn al hajjaj(d.160)

30. Books of ‘Abdul Aziz ibn ‘Abdullah at Majishun (d.164 A.H.)

31. Books of Abdullah ibn Abdullah ibn Abi Uwais (d. 169)

32. Books of Sulaiman ibn Bilal (d.172)

33. Books of ‘Abdullah ibn Lahi’ah (d.147)

34. Jame’ Sufyan ibn ‘Uyainah (d.198)

35. Kitabul-Athar by Imam Abu Hanfah (d.150)

36. Maghazi of Mu’tamir ibn Sulaiman (d. 187)

37. Musannaf of Waki ‘ibn Farrah (d.196 A.H.)

38. Musannaf of Abdur Razzak ibn Hammam (136-22 1)

39. Musnad of Zaid ibn ‘All (76-122)

40. Books of Imam Shafi’i (115-204)

The following books written in this age are still available in printed forms.

1. Al muwatta, by Imam Malik.

2. Kitabul – Athar by Imam Abu Hanifah.

3. Musannaf by ‘Abdurrazzaq.

This book has been published in eleven big volumes.

4. As – sirah by Muhammad ibn Jshaq.

5. Kitab – at – Zuhd by ‘Abdullah ibn al – Mubarak.

6. Kitab – at – Zuhd by Waki ‘ibn Jarrah (3 volumes).

7. Almusnad by Zaid ibn ‘Au (76 – 122).

8. Sunan of Shafi’i (150 – 204).

9. Musnad of Shafi’i.

10. Siyar of Awza’i (88 – 157).

11. Musnad of Abdullah ibn al Mubarak(d. 181).

12. Musnad of Abu Dawood Tayalisi (d. 204).

13. Al – Radd ‘Ala Siyaril – Awza’i by Imam Abu Yusuf.

14. Al – Hujjah ‘ala Ahill Madinah by Imam Muhammad ibn Hasan Shaibani.

15. Kitabul – Umm by Imam Shafi’i.

16. Al – Maghazi by Waqidi (130- 206) (4 volumes).

This list is by no means exhaustive. But a careful study of these books only which are available today in printed forms would clearly reveal that their style is much developed and they definitely do not seem to be the first books on their subject. Some of them are in more than ten volumes, and their arrangement shows that the compilation of hadith in those days reached a developed stage.

All these valuable efforts of compiling the Ahadith belong to the first and second centuries. Hence, one can easily see how false is the assumption that the compilation of Ahadith did not take place before the third century.

What we have cited above is more than sufficient to prove that the compilation of Ahadith has begun in the very days of the Holy Prophet (SAWS) and has continued in each point of time thereafter. This process has, no doubt, passed through certain stages as is usual in every new science or branch of knowledge. But the assumption that the process could not begin before the third century cannot be substantiated on any ground whatsoever.

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