ITIKAAF – SECLUSION IN THE MASJID


Dawah & Tabligh, Virtues of Ramadan (Fazail e Aamaal)

The meaning of ‘I’tikaaf’ is to seclude oneself in the Mosque, with the express intention (Niyyat)of ‘I’tikaaf’. According to the Hanafi school of thought, this may be of three different types:

a) Waajib I’tikaaf (Obligatory I’tikaaf)
I’tikaaf becomes compulsory when a person makes it obligatory upon himself. For example, when a person makes a vow to Allah that if Allah fulfils a certain wish of his, he shall perform so many days ‘I’tikaaf’, in this case, the moment his wish is fulfilled, the I’tikaaf becomes compulsory. Or a person may just make an unconditional vow, whereby he makes I’tikaaf Waajib upon himself for a certain number of days; this becomes obligatory for him from that moment onwards.

August 20, 2011

Laylatul Qadr (Hadith 01)


Dawah & Tabligh, Virtues of Ramadan (Fazail e Aamaal)

Abu Hurayrah reports Rasulullah S.W. said, “Whoever stands in prayer and ‘ibaadah on the night of Power with sincere faith and with sincere hope of gaining reward, his previous sins are gorgiven”

                                                                         Reported in Al Targheeb from Bukhari and Muslim

August 13, 2011

Maryam ‘alayhas salâm


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 7 - Lives of Pious Women and Characteristics of Women, Women & Family

The story of her birth has been mentioned above. After she was born, her mother took her to Baytul Maqdis in fulfilment of her vow. When she reached the musjid, she informed the pious servants over there to take her because she had vowed this child for the musjid. Because she was from a pious family, all the pious persons who were based in the musjid wanted to rear her and bring her up. Zakariyya was also amongst them. He was the uncle of Maryam. He therefore had a greater right of taking care of her. But because all the others were clamouring to take care of her, they all agreed upon a certain system to determine who will take care of her. Eventually, the lot fell in the name of Zakariyya ‘alayhis salâm. He took her and began looking after her. She began growing very quickly – much faster than other children of her age and very soon she appeared to be a grown up. From a young age she was very pious. Allah has referred to her as a walî in the Quran. It has also mentioned that she used to miraculously receive different types of fruit when it was not even the season to receive such fruit. Zakariyya ‘alayhis salâm used to ask her: “From where are you receiving all this fruit?” She used to reply: “From Allah.” In short, her entire life was something to marvel about. When she became mature, solely through the power of Allah, she fell pregnant without any man touching her. It was from this pregnancy that ‘Îsâ ‘alayhis salâm was born. On seeing that she gave birth without a man, the Jews began accusing her of adultery. In order to prove them wrong, Allah gave ‘Îsâ ‘alayhis salâm the power to speak while he was still a baby. He spoke of such great things that all those who possessed a just and open mind agreed that this is an example of Allah’s power; that he was in fact born without a father and that his mother was pure and innocent.

March 8, 2011

The mother of Maryam ‘alayhas salâm


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 7 - Lives of Pious Women and Characteristics of Women, Women & Family

Her name is Hannah. Her husband’s name is ‘Imrân who is the father of Maryam. When she fell pregnant, she took a vow that when she gives birth to the child she will keep him free for the service of the musjid. That is, she will not allow him to get involved in any worldly activity. She was under the impression that she will give birth to a boy because only a boy can be of service to the musjid. At that time, vows of this nature were permissible. When the time of delivery of the child came, she gave birth to a girl. Out of sadness she said: “O Allah! I have given birth to a girl.” She was informed that this girl will be better than boys and that Allah has accepted her. She kept the name of this child Maryam and made a du‘â to Allah that He should protect her and her progeny from shaytân. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said that shaytân torments every child that is born. However, he was unable to torment Maryam and ‘Îsâ ‘alayhimas salâm.

March 6, 2011

TO MAKE VOWS AND MAKE OFFERINGS AT THE GRAVES


DIFFERENCES IN THE UMMAT AND SIRAAT-E- MUSTAQEEM, Fiqh

Many people not only ask for their needs of the Auliyaa, they also take vows on their names, by saying that if a certain need of theirs is fulfilled, then they will place a new chadar on the grave of the Wali, or that they will give a certain amount of money. In this regard it is necessary to familiarise yourself with a few Masaa`il.

(1). To take a vow (minnat or nazar) is an Ibaadat, and to make Ibaadat of anyone else besides Allaah Ta`ala is not permissible. It is stated in our famous Hanafi Kitaab, Durrul Mukhtaar:

February 1, 2011

Hajj of the Saintly Elders Part 10


Chapter 10 - The Farewell Hajj of Rasulullah, Dawah & Tabligh, Virtues of Hajj (Fazail e Hajj)

Story No. 41: (Episode)
Hazrat Shaikh Abu Yakoob Basri R.A says: “Once in the Haram of Mecca I suffered extreme hunger and for ten days could not find anything to eat. Because of this I decided to go outside, perhaps I would find something to eat. The only edible thing that I found was a rotten turnip lying on the ground. I picked it up, but suddenly I did not feel like eating it at all because a thought crossed my mind; “For ten days I have been starving and when you finally find something to eat it turned out to be a rotten turnip.” I threw it away and returned to the mosque, where I sat down. Not long after this a stranger came along. In front of me he placed a cloth bag and said to me: “Take that! Inside you will find a small bag wherein there are five hundred gold sovereigns. It is something which I vowed to give you.”
I asked him: “But why is it given to me specially?” he replied: “For ten days now we have been lost at sea until our boat came near to sinking. Each of us at that time made a separate vow. I made this vow to Allah that if He saves us I shall give this bag of money to the first person on whom I set eyes from the residents of Mecca. Allah brought us to safety, and you are the first person I have seen in Mecca.” I said: “Open the bag.”
He opened it and therein I found white sugar candy bread, peeled almond and some sweet-meats: I took some of each and gave him back the rest of the food and said to him: “I accept the gift-offering, but take the food and distribute it among your dependant.”
And in my heart I said: “how strange the sustenance is being transported to you over ten days and here you dwell around searching for it.” (Rowdh)

November 16, 2010

Vow [Nazrana]


Hadith & Seerah, The Teachings of the Holy Prophet, The Ways of the Prophet (SAWS)

Hadrat lmran bin Husain (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that he heard the Messenger of ALLAH (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) say; “Vows are of two kinds; so if any one vows to do an act of obedience, that is for ALLAH, it must be fulfilled; but if anyone vows to do an act of disobedience, that is for the satan it must not be fulfilled but must make atonement for it to the extent he would do in the case of an oath.”[Nisai, Mishkat]

February 7, 2010

Before The Start Of Hajj Journey


Fiqh, Hajj - Merits and Precepts

Please be careful about certain things :-

1. Purify your intention (Niyyat) for Hajj only for the sake of Allah and exclusively keeping in view the heavenly reward. Do not allow any worldly honour and vanity or any financial advantages or any worldly selfish design to mix up with your intention for Hajj. There is of course no Harm if even then some worldly benefits are attained to by Allah’s grace (and according to Hadith wordly benefits will also be certainly available), but you should not impurify your intention for their sake.

November 1, 2009

Hadith Number Fourteen


Chapter 01 - Encouragement towards performing Hajj, Dawah & Tabligh, Virtues of Hajj (Fazail e Hajj)

Hazrat Ibn Abbaas R.A. reports that a Sahabiyah (a Muslim lady who saw Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam) once said to Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam): “O Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam), the obligation of Hajj has come at a time now when my father is a very old and weakly man. He is unable to remain seated on a camel (or horse). Can I then proceed to perform Hajj on his behalf?”

Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam) replied: “Yes, you can.”

Another Sahabi R.A. also came with a similar request: “O Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam), my sister made vow that she would perform Hajj. Now she has passed away. What should we do?”

October 29, 2009

NATHR I’TIKAF


Fiqh, Kitaab us Saum

(1) I’tikaf of Nathr is an I’tikaf undertaken as a result of a vow made to Allah Ta’ala.

(2) The validity of Nathr I’tikaf requires the verbal expression of the Niyyat or intention. It is, therefore, essential to verbally say, for example:

“I am undertaking (or making) I’tikaf for Allah Ta’ala for three days”,,

or any other similar statement in which it is declared that I’tikaf has been undertaken or is presently being undertaken. The expression of an intention should not relate to the future, e.g. “It is my intention to perform I’tikaf”, etc.

September 13, 2008