Hazrat Hakeem ul Ummat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (rahmatullah alaihe) says it is wrong to reject the intercession of Allah Ta’ala, when He is, commanding to treat a wife well. She is weak and far from her parents, she is at our mercy. After giving birth to a few children she becomes weak and the husband takes out all his anger on her because she did not do some work of his. Alas! Why have you thought her to be like your maid (servant), how about you doing it yourself for a change. You were not given a wife to work for you. If she does any work for you, it is through her kindness. So Allah Ta’ala is interceding for His bondswoman, that treat your wife well, whether she be young or old, even if her teeth have fallen and her face has wrinkled. Not that when she was young and beautiful you did everything for her and now that she has grown old you treat her terribly. This in not correct. Think of this old lady who has grown old with you. When she was young and pretty you loved her, now that she is old, love her thinking it to be the command of Allah Ta’ala, and be kind to her for the same. If she has a headache, bring medicine for her and be merciful towards her.
Q. I. I would like to learn about the traditional system of Muslims as it began, and as it exists today, in our subcontinent as well as other areas of the world.
(i). What levels of education are denoted by words like maktab, madrassa, jamiah, dar-ul-uloom etc.?
(ii). What language (s) is / are used as medium of instruction.
(iii). What syllabi are being used? Is there a standard syllabus or a standard set of subjects used all over the Muslim world.
(iv). Are students exposed to subjects like history, geography, mathematics, literature, economics, etc. at any stage?
(v). What degrees are conferred on students who complete various levels of education?
(vi). What is the significance and meaning of the following words: Farigh ul-tehseel, aalim, mufti, maulana, maulvi, Sheikh ul-hadith. (Irfan Ali Hyder, Karachi).
(i) The word ‘Maktab’ is generally used for a small institute of religious education in which the children learn the recitation of the Holy Qur’an (which is called the nazirah education, or they memorize the text of the Holy Qur’an by heart. At the same time, some elementary Islamic principles are also taught in such institutes.
Hadrat Umm Salama (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anha) narrated that the Prophet used to perform two Rakaats after Witar Salaah. Hadrat Aishah (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) and Hadrat Abu Umama (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anha) have also narrated a similar tradition. [Ma’rif – ul- Hadis]
After Witar Salaah, the Prophet used to offer two simple rakahs of Salaah and used to recite surah al Zalzal (XCIX) and surah al-Kafirun (CIX). [lbn Majah]
Hadrat Umm Habba (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that the Messenger of ALLAH said: A house will be built in paradise for him who performs Salaah in a day and a night twelve rak’ahs, (over and above the obligatory Salaah) four before and two after the noon Salaah (Zuhr Salaah) two rakahs after Maghrib Salaah and two after lsha Salaah and two rakahs before Fajr Salaah. [Tirmizi, Ma’rif -uI- Hadis]
Sunan – Fajr Salaah
Hadrat Aishah (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anha) narrated that the Messenger of ALLAH said: The two rakahs, at dawn Salaah (Fair Salaah) are better than this world and what it contains. [Muslim]
Hadrat ‘Abdullah bin Qurt (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that the Messenger of ALLAH said: “The first of his deeds for which a man will be taken into account on the day of resurrection will be Salaah. If it is sound, all his other deeds will be taken in the same fashion but if it is unsound the rest of his actions will be taken as deficient. [Tibarani In Ausat-hayatul Muslim]
Hadrat Abu Said al-Khudri (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that from amongst the Companions of the Messenger of ALLAH two persons went out on journey, and when the time for Salaah approached, having no water with them, they performed ablution with clean earth and then performed Salaah. Immediately after that, they found water and one of them repeated the Salaah after performing ablution with water, but the other did not.
Hadrat Abu Hurairah (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said: “It is the duty of every Muslim to take bath once a week (i.e. on Friday), washing his head and body.” [Bukhari, Muslim, Marif -ul- Hadis]
Hadrat Samura bin Jundab (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anha) narrated that the Messenger of ALLAH said: If any one performs ablution on Friday, well and good; but if any one takes bath, bathing is more excellent. [Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Tirmizi, Marif -ul- Hadis]
The intention is that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) also used to purify himself with water after using the mud etc. after that he would first rub his hands on the ground and wash them and then perform WUDU (ablution). As is clear from this tradition that it was usual with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) that he would perform WUDU (ablution) after answering a call of nature and doing ISTINJA. But in order to indicate that performing WUDU (ablution) is only a commendable and excellent practice he has occasionally omitted it, as is related in Sunan Abu Dawud and Sunan Ibn MAJAH on the basis of the following traditions from Hadrat Aishah.
Hadrat Abdullah bin Mas’ud (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that the Apostle of ALLAH (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, “On the day of resurrection, the feet of the son of Adam will not move away till he is questioned about five matters:
1. On what he spent his life;
2. In what he made his youth pass away;
3. Whence he acquired his property;
4. On what he spent it and
5. What he did regarding what he knew; [Tirmizi Ma’arif -ul- Hadis]
Hadrat Abu Ayyub Ansari (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that a man came to the Messenger of ALLAH and requested him for some advice but that it should be brief (so that it may be easy for him to remember it). He said,
(Firstly) when you stand up for Salaah then say the Salaah just like a person who is about to bid farewell to everything and to say Good Bye to everybody (i.e. the Salaah should be like that of a person who is about to breathe his last). You should say every Salaah in the same manner,