You have stated in answer to a question which appeared in the daily Jang on the 12th of December that to place flowers on a grave is contrary to the Sunnat. In the 19th December issue a person by the name of Shah Turaabul Haq Qaadri has labelled you a Jaahil (ignoramus) and has stated that you are ignorant of Qur`aan Majeed and Sunnah and he has stated this act (placing flowers on the grave) as a Sunnah. This has placed many people in trepidation. You could kindly remove the doubt.
It is noted that when people feed as a token of Isaal-e-Thawaab then some Miajee (molvi) has to read something (over the food / at the feast). Some people call it Faatihah Shareef and others call it Khatam Shareef. Upon cursory inspection of this act it appears to be commendable, and some people are smitten by it purely due to this external façade. However, some points regarding it need to be studied:
After the Qur`aan, the Hadith is the most important source of Islaamic knowledge. Maududi‟s opinion regarding the Hadith is also very vague. Briefly, I will mention a few points.
Firstly, according to the Ulama, Hadith and Sunnat are synonymous, but Mr. Ghlaam Ahmad Parwez, Dr.Fazlur Rahman and others have differentiated between the two. Maududi has also adopted the same belief but fails to clarify the difference. [Refer to Rasaail Wa Masaa`il, page 310 part 1]
Secondly, he claims to be an authority on the Messenger. Hence he makes his own decision regarding the authenticity of a Hadith. He writes:
A clear result of establishing divine qualities for Nabi (sallAllaahu alaihi wasallam) would be to liken him and grant him a share in divinity. Due to this some people aver that Nabi (sallAllaahu alaihi wasallam) has control over the doings of the universe and that Allaah Ta`ala had given Nabi (sallAllaahu alaihi wasallam) complete choice and will in the running of the universe.
Sincerity of Intention
1. A person asked: “O Rasûlullâh! What is îmân?” He replied: “To maintain a sincere intention.”
This means that whatever you do should be done solely for Allah.
2. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Actions are judged by intentions.”
This means that if a person has a good intention, he will be rewarded for doing a good act. If not, he will not be rewarded.
Doing something for show
Wudû and Purity
1. Perform your wudû in a proper manner even if you do not feel like doing so.
2. There is greater reward in performing a fresh wudû.
3. When relieving yourself, do not face the qiblah nor turn your back towards the qiblah.
4. You must be cautious with regard to urine splashing on you. By being unmindful in this regard, one is punished in the grave.
5. Do not urinate in a hole as there is the possibility of a snake, scorpion or any other dangerous animal emerging from it.
6. Do not urinate in the place where you have a bath.
7. Do not engage in any conversation when relieving yourself.
8. When you wake up, do not insert your hand in a utensil containing water until you have thoroughly washed your hands.
9. Do not use water that has been warmed in the sun as there is the possibility of being infected with white liver whereby the body is tainted with white marks.
Hazrat Mullah Ali Qaari Rah, the famous aalim and Muhaddith has written that besides a few that are not authoritative who hold a different view the consensus of the Muslims is that to visit (Ziyaarat) Rasulullah Sal’am is an important act of piety. It is also a most desirable form of Ibaadat, a very successful way of attaining spiritual heights and an encouraging reason for an acceptable intercession. Some ulama have said that it is waajib (obligatory) upon that person who has the means to reach there. Hazrat Allama Shaami Rah, relates this same view from Hazrat Ibn Hajar Rah. To avoid going there is sheer negligence and carelessness. Some Maalikis have said that to go to reside in Madina is more desirable than to go to stay in Mecca.
Q. “I would like to learn the meaning of the words Mujaddid and Tajdeed.
i) How have these words been used in Hadith?
ii) Is it true that one Mujaddid will appear at the beginning of every century after Hijrah?
iii) Can there be more than one Mujaddid in a century? If yes, then, is there a pattern of geographical dispersion of Mujaddids, or time dispersion?
iv) Can Mujaddid be identified by common Muslim? By scholars? If yes how?
(Irfan Ali Hyder, Karachi)
Q. Some People Say that there is no hadith which proves that we should pray 4 Rakaat of Sunnah before the obligatory Prayer of “Isha” . Can you give a hadith proving the point of view that these 4 Rakaat are Sunnah before performing the 4 Rakat of Isha?
A. It is true that there is no Hadith specifically that 4 Rakat before the obligatory prayer of isha is Sunnah . How ever there is hadith reported in Sahih Al-Bukhari and narrated by the Holy Companion Abdullah Ibn Mughaffal (R.A) that the Holy Prophet ( Sallaho Alaihi Wasallam) has said
Between Every Two Calls Of Prayers There Is A Prayer For Whomsoever Who Wishes To Perform It ” ( Al-Bukhari,Book X, Chapter 14, Hadith.No.624)
Q. We understand that entrance to the Heaven will depend on the mercy of Allah, the Most-Merciful, and not on our deeds only. We all the time seek the mercy of the Merciful for here and for the Hereafter. Someone came to the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam)asking him what he was required to do to enter into the Heaven. The Holy Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam)narrated the minimum deeds he was required to do it order to enter into the Heaven. Would you be kind enough to give details of the minimum deeds. May Allah reward you for this noble work.
(M.S. Desin, Dammam)