Ikhtilaaf al-Mataali’e


Fiqh, Moon Sighting

Matala refers to the place of rising of the moon. The moon is born in different parts of the world and accordingly will rise and set at different times depending on the various geographic locations. Thus, the moon will rise and will be visible at a particular place and might not be visible at another place at the same time due to the latter having different moonrise and set times.

Based on the above, two questions arise: Is this concept of ikhtilaaf-e-Mataali’e recognised in the Shari;ah, and will it be considered for calendar purposes?

September 26, 2010

Can We rely on astronomical data or not?


Fiqh, Moon Sighting

There are 3 opinions on this issue:

1. Those that place complete reliance on astronomical data, negating any role of actual sighting. According to this group, the new month will begin as forecasted by astronomical data irrespective of whether actual sighting took place or not. This view goes contrary to Ahaadith of Nabi [sallallaahu alayhi wasallam] and is therefore unacceptable.

September 24, 2010

Introduction


Fiqh, Moon Sighting

Islam being a religion that is natural, embraces simplicity and is a perfect way of life for all people of all times irrespective of their age, class, creed, nationality or background has made those aspects upon which is dependant the spiritual life of every believer easily understandable, securable and natural, whether one may be rich or poor, lettered or unlettered.

September 19, 2010

THE SIGHTING OF THE MOON


Fiqh, Kitaab us Saum

(1) The Islamic months, being lunar months, commence with the sighting (rooyat) of the crescent moon (hilal). The principle is the sighting of the hilaI, not the birth of the moon.

(2) It is Wajib (obligatory) for the people to search for the hilal at the end of the 29th day of Sha’ban, i.e. at sunset.

September 11, 2008

THE DAYS WHEN IT IS FORBIDDEN TO FAST


Fiqh, Kitaab us Saum

There are five days during the year on which it is forbidden to fast.

These five days are:

The two days of Eid and the three days of Tashreek viz. 11th, 12th and 13th Zil-Haj. (The 3 days following Eid-ul-Adhaa)

Fasting on these days is not valid.

YAUMUSH – SHAKK (THE DOUBTFUL DAY)

(1) The day after the 29th of Sha’ban is termed Yaumush Shakk or the Doubtful Day because of the possibility of that day being the 30th Sha’baan or the 1st Ramadhan.

(2) It is Makrooh to fast on Yaumush Shakk whether it is a Nafl, Qadha or Nathr Saum.

September 10, 2008

The Sighting of the Moon


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 3-Fasting, Zakaat, Qurbani, Hajj etc.

1. The moon of Ramadhân was not sighted because of clouds or some dust in the
sky. However, a religious-minded, pious and honest person gives testimony that
he has sighted the moon. The sighting of the moon will thus be established
irrespective of whether the person is a male or a female.
2. If the moon of Eid is not sighted because of clouds, the testimony of one
person will not be acceptable irrespective of how reliable a person he may be.
Instead, the sighting of the moon will only be established if two reliable,
pious men or one reliable, pious man and two reliable, pious women give
testimony that they have sighted the moon. If four women alone give testimony,
it will not be acceptable.
3. The person who does not follow the requirements of the Deen and continues
committing sinful acts, e.g. he does not offer salâh, does not keep fasts, is in
the habit of speaking lies or commits some other sin and does not confine
himself to the dictates of the Shariah; his testimony cannot be relied upon
according to the Shariah. This is irrespective of the number of oaths he may
take in order to give credence to what he is saying. In fact, if there are
several people like him, even then their testimony will not be acceptable.
4. This notion which has become popular among the masses that the day on which
the 4th of Rajab falls, on that same day the 1st of Ramadhân will fall has no
validity in the Shariah. If the moon is not sighted, fast should not be kept.
5. Upon seeing the moon, one should not say that the moon appears to be very big
and that it appears to be the second moon. This is an evil habit. It is
mentioned in a Hadith that this is a sign of qiyâmah. When qiyâmah will draw
near, people will talk in this manner. In short, do not even rely on the size of
the moon as to whether it is big or small. Nor should you rely on the Hindus who
say that today is dooj (the second day of the lunar fortnight) and that the moon
will definitely be sighted today. In the Shariah, all this is regarded as
nonsense.
6. If the skies are absolutely clear, even the testimony of several persons will
not be acceptable and the sighting of the moon cannot be established. This is
irrespective of whether it is the moon of Ramadhân or the moon of Eid. However,
if a very large number of people give their testimony that they have sighted the
moon to such an extent that the heart feels that such a large number of people
cannot be lying and that it is impossible for them to be concocting a story,
then only will the sighting of the moon be established.
7. A rumour has spread in the entire city that the moon had been sighted
yesterday and that many people had seen it. However, after making many
enquiries, not a single person could be found who had actually sighted the moon.
Such a rumour cannot be acceptable.
8. A person sighted the moon of Ramadhân. Apart from him, no one else in the
entire city sighted the moon. Furthermore, this person does not follow the
dictates of the Shariah. The residents of the city should not fast and cannot
rely on this person’s testimony. However, this person will have to fast. And if
he fasts for the full thirty days and the moon of Eid has not been sighted as
yet, he will have to keep one additional fast and celebrate Eid with the rest of
the residents of the city.
9. A person sighted the moon of Eid alone and the Shariah did not accept his
testimony. This person cannot celebrate Eid as well. He must fast the following
day and should not rely on his sighting of the moon. Nor should he break his
fast.

August 31, 2008