The Power of Allah Ta’ala

In the second verse, Allah Ta’ala states

“O mankind, O people of the world’’

This is an address directed to the entire human race wherein Allah Ta’ala is instructing them,

“Fear your Sustainer”

“Who created you from one life”.

In the commentary of this verse, Hakeem ul Ummat Hazrat Thanwi (rahmatullah alaihe) explains that Allah Ta’ala has enumerated three forms of creating His servants,


Muzâra‘ah – Temporary sharecropping contract

1. A person gave an empty piece of land to another person telling him: “You cultivate this land. Whatever you harvest will be divided between us according to a certain percentage.” This is known as muzâra’ah and is permissible.

2. A person cultivated a piece of land and said to another person: “You irrigate this land, tend to it and do whatever else is necessary. Whatever fruit is produced, irrespective of whether it is up to one-two years or 10-12 years, we will share it between ourselves either equally (i.e. 50% each) or by dividing it in thirds (or whatever the percentage may be).” This is known as musâqât and is also permissible.

Written by Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi in: Bahishti Zewar,Fiqh,Part 5-Principles of Business | Tags: , , , , , ,

Distributing items that are under a partnership

1. Two persons got together and purchased wheat from the market. At the time of dividing this wheat, it is not necessary for both of them to be present. Even if one of them is not present, it is permissible for the other person to have it weighed properly, take her share, and keep the other share aside for her partner. Once the wheat has been divided, it is permissible for the person who was present to do whatever she wishes with her own share – she can eat it, consume it in any other way, give it to someone, etc. All this is permissible. The same rule will apply to ghee, oil, eggs, etc. In short, items which do not have any difference and are all the same can be purchased and divided in the absence of any one of the partners. However, if the second person has not taken her share as yet and it disappears or is destroyed in some way or the other, then this loss will be regarded as a loss of both the partners – as explained in the chapter on partnerships.


Having knowledge of the item that is to be purchased

1. When purchasing dry groceries, seeds, etc. a person has the choice of purchasing it after having it properly weighed or he could say:   “I am buying a certain amount of wheat for R1.” Alternatively, he could purchase it as it is (i.e. without having it weighed nor specifying any amount) and say:    “I am buying this heap of wheat for R1.” No matter how much of wheat may be in that heap, all will belong to him (once he purchases it).

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