Ibn Abbas R.A. says that he heard our Nabi S.W. say, Verily Jannah becomes perfumed with the sweetest fragrance in Ramadhaan. From the beginning of the year till the end, it is being brightly decorated for the coming of this blessed month. And when the first night of Ramadhaan appears, a wind blows from beneath t he Ar-sh (Throne). It is called Mutheerah, and causes the leaves of the trees of Jannah to rustle and door handle to sound, where by setting forth such a melodious sound as had never been heard before. The dark eyed damsels of Jannah then step forth till they appear in the centre of the balconies of Jannah, exclaiming: is there anyone making duaa’ to Allah for us that Allah may join us in marriage to him?” Then these damsels call out: “O Ridhwaan, keeper of Jannah, what night is this?” He replies: “Labbaik, this is indeed the first night of Ramadhaan, when the doors of Jannah are opened to those who observe the fast from among the ummah of Muhammad S.W.. Rasulullah S.W. further sai, Allah says, “O Ridhwaan open the doors of Jannah, and O Maalik, (keeper of Jahannam) close the doors of Jahannam for those who fast from among the ummah of Ahmad “O Jibraeel proceed down to the earth and bind the rebellious shay’taans, put them in chains and cast them in the oceans so that they make nomischief, thereby spoiling the fast of the ummah of My beloved Muhammad S.W..
Ibn Abbas R.A. reports that while he was once performing I’itikaaf in the musjidun Nabwi (Rasulullah’s musjid), a certain man came to him, greated him and sat down. Ibn Abbas said to him: “I see that you seem sad and troubled”. The man replied: “Yes, O son of the uncle of Rasulullah S.W., I am indeed troubled in that I have an obligation to fulfill to someone. I swear by the holiness of the inmate of this honoured resting place (Rasulullah’s grave S.W.) that I am not able to fulfill this obligation”. Ibn Abbas R.A. inquired: “Shall I intercede with that person on your behalf?” the man replied: By all means if you so wish”. Ibn Abbas put on this shoes and proceeded from the Musjid. The man seeing this said: “Have you then forgotten that you are in I’itikaaf?” With tears filling his eyes Ibn Abbas R.A. replied: “No, the time is still fresh in my mind, I heard the esteemed master of this tomb Rasulullah S.W. say, “Whoever sets forth in the way and makes an effort of settling a necessary affair on behalf of his brother, that service shall be better for him than to perform I’itikaaf for ten years, and whomsoever performs I’itikaaf for a day, thereby seeking the pleasure of Allah, Allah will open three trenches between him and the fire of hell, the width of each being the distance between heaven and earth”.
Reported by ‘Tabraani in Al Awsa’t.
Ibn Abbas R.A. relates that Rasulullah S.W. said, “The person performing I’itikaaf remains free from sins, and he is indeed given the same reward as those who do righteous deeds (in spite of not having done those deeds as a result of having been secluded in the musjid)”. Reported in Mishkaat from Ibn Majah
(Note that one remaining secluded in the musjid is not allowed to depart from there for worldly needs. He may only set forth to the outside for the calls of nature, to perform ablution or ghusl or for attending Jumu-ah when that is not performed in the same musjid, after which he must return forthwith). Now this Hadith points to two great benefits of I’itikaaf.
“Abu Sa‘Iyd R.A. that Rasulullah S.W. once performed I’itikaaf for the first ten days of Ramadhaan. Thereafter he mad I’itikaaf in a Turkish tent (inside the musjid) for the middle ten days. Thereafter he raise his head out of the tent and said, “Verily in search of Laylatul Qadr did I perform I’itikaaf for the first ten days, then for the middle ten days. Then someone (an angel) came and told me. “It is in the last ten days whosoever has made I’itikaaf with me should continue for the last ten days”. I had indeed been shown that night and then made to forget, which it shall be. And verily did I see myself prostrating to Allah with my forehead on mud on the morning after the night. Seek Laylatul Qadr the last ten nights of Ramadhaan; seek it among uneven ones”.
The meaning of ‘I’tikaaf’ is to seclude oneself in the Mosque, with the express intention (Niyyat)of ‘I’tikaaf’. According to the Hanafi school of thought, this may be of three different types:
a) Waajib I’tikaaf (Obligatory I’tikaaf)
I’tikaaf becomes compulsory when a person makes it obligatory upon himself. For example, when a person makes a vow to Allah that if Allah fulfils a certain wish of his, he shall perform so many days ‘I’tikaaf’, in this case, the moment his wish is fulfilled, the I’tikaaf becomes compulsory. Or a person may just make an unconditional vow, whereby he makes I’tikaaf Waajib upon himself for a certain number of days; this becomes obligatory for him from that moment onwards.
Aa’ishah radhial-laahu an-haa reports that Rasulullah S.W. (S.A.W.) said, “Seek Laylatul Qadr among the odd numbered nights of the last ten days of the month of Ramadhaan”.
Reported in Miskaat.
We come to question: “When is Laylatul Qadr? The above Hadith commands us to seek it among the last ten nights of Ramadhaan. According to the vast majority of authorities, the last ten nights commence on 21st night. Such is the case that whether the month of Ramadhaan consists of 29 days or 30 days, one should seek Laylatul Qadr on the 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th or 29th night. If the month is 29 days then too, these will be termed as the last ten (Akheer Asharah)
Before the bride could even go to her husband’s home, he divorced her. Alternatively, she went to her husband’s home but they did not meet in privacy or seclusion which could be considered to be valid in the Sharî‘ah. This privacy or seclusion was explained in the chapter on mahr. Before they could meet in privacy and seclusion, the husband divorced her. In such circumstances, talâqul bâ’in will take place irrespective of whether the divorce was uttered in clear words or in vague terms. When such a woman is divorced, talâqul bâ’in will take place and she does not have to complete any ‘iddah. Immediately after being divorced, she can marry another person. Furthermore, after issuing one divorce to such a woman, the man does not have the right or choice of giving a second or third divorce. If he does so, it will not apply. However, if in the first time, he says: “I give you two divorces, or, three divorces”, two or three divorces will take place. If he says: “I divorce you, divorce you, divorce you”, even then one divorce will take place with regard to such a woman.
11. A person stipulated Rs 100, Rs 1000 or any other amount according to his financial position. Thereafter the husband decided to give more than the original amount that was stipulated. This he did voluntarily and out of his own good will. For example, the stipulated mahr was Rs 100, but he decided to give Rs150. Whatever additional amount he decides to give will now become wâjib upon him. If he does not give it, he will be sinning. But if he divorces her prior to meeting in privacy and seclusion, he will have to give half of the original amount that was stipulated. The additional amount that he had decided to give will not be calculated.
1. Once a nikâh is performed, it will be valid irrespective of whether mention of any mahr was made or not. Despite it being valid, one will have to give the mahr . In fact, if a person makes the condition that he will not give any mahr and that he is marrying the woman without any mahr , he will still have to give the mahr .
Hadrat Anas (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) addressed Abu Zarr saying, “Shall I not tell you two traits of character which are light on the back (i.e. it is not cumbersome to cultivate them) and will be very heavy in the scale of ALLAH.” Abu Zar (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) says that he said, “O Messenger of ALLAH! Do tell me these two traits of character”. The Messenger of ALLAH (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, “The habit of remaining mostly silent and secondly pleasing disposition. I swear by ALLAH in whose possession is my soul, in human actions these two things have no parallel”. [Ma’ariful Hadis]