Fourth Question & Answer (Part 01)


Dawah & Tabligh, Islamic Politics (Al-Eitidal fi Maratib ul Rijal)

QUESTION 4

Today the Muslims are being dispersed and destroyed. What should they do?

Answer:
This is indeed true that Muslims are troubled and worried on all sides. Not only are the individuals among them caught up in problems. They are also tremendously worried by collective problems. Now comes the question: What should they do? Such a question from the pen of an ordinary Muslim of understanding surprises me. But even more so when coming from the pen of a scholar of learning.

August 24, 2011

Maymûnah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 7 - Lives of Pious Women and Characteristics of Women, Women & Family

She is also the wife of Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam. A great scholar of Hadîth relates that her nikâh with Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam took place in the following manner: She came to him and said: “I am gifting my life to you.” In other words, I am prepared to enter into a marriage with you without even any mahr. He accepted this. Marrying in this manner (i.e. without any mahr) was permissible only for Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam. A great mufassir relates that the verse which mentions a marriage of this nature was first revealed for this woman. Her first husband’s name was Huwaytib.

April 4, 2011

50) Excess Against Others


Beliefs & Practices, Major Sins

Allah, the Almighty said,

{The blame is only against those who oppress men with wrong-doing and insolently transgress beyond bounds through the land, defying right and justice: for such there will be a chastisement grievous} (Ash-Shura: 42)

The Prophet (pbuh) said,

“Allah has inspired to me that you are all to be humble and that no one should exalt himself above another.” (Muslim)

It is also reported that,

“If a mountain transgresses against the other, Allah will make the one that transgressed it into dust.” (Suyuti)

The Prophet (pbuh) also said,

May 8, 2009

4. GENERAL ANALYSIS OF THE TRADITION


Chapter 3, Hadith & Seerah, The Authority of Sunnah

The last, and very important, scrutiny is accompanied by the general analysis of a tradition. In this scrutiny the tradition is analyzed in the light of other relevant material available on the subject. The tradition is examined from different angles: whether the reported saying or event is at all possible; whether the reported event conforms to the established historical events; whether its text can be held as truly attributed to the Holy Prophet (SAWS); whether the chain of narrators is genuine etc.

August 30, 2008

Chapter 09 DOUBTS & OBJECTIONS ON TAQLEED Part 09


Fiqh, The Legal Status of Following a Madhab

Taqleed & New Issues

(9) Another objection to Taqleed of an individual is that it impedes progress and presents no solution to new problems.

We have pointed out earlier that the taqleed of an erudite scholar is not the same as that of the layman. Taqleed of the individual allows for ijtihad in issues. If no answer is found in a mujtahid’s rulings, then his principles should be used to deduce conclusion from the Qur’an and sunnah. This ijtihad can be done in spite of taqleed of an individual. So, there is no impediment, at all.

August 18, 2008

Chapter 09 DOUBTS & OBJECTIONS ON TAQLEED Part 06


Fiqh, The Legal Status of Following a Madhab

How may a Layman Recognise the Mujtahid?

(6) We have stated in the beginning that taqleed, whichever of the two kinds you consider, is nothing more than to ask one who is in adept in the science of Qur’an and sunnah and whose understanding, insight and juristic knowledge is reliable, that one who is incapable may know.

Some people wonder how an ignorant seeker will distinguish an adept imam? (Tahreek Azadi Fikr p13)

Let us suffice by reproducing Imam Ghazali’s text on the subject.

August 18, 2008

Chapter 08 DIFFERENT LEVELS OF TAQLEED Part 4


Fiqh, The Legal Status of Following a Madhab

Taqleed For the Absolute Mujtahid

He is one who has all the qualifications for ijtihad and he is able to determine principles of deduction from the Qur’an and sunnah and can deduce injunctions from the Qur’an on the basis of these principles. They are the Imams Abu Hanifah, Shafi’ee, Maalik, Ahmad and others. They are mujtahids in issues of fundamental and branch natures, but they too have to make a kind of taqleed. If the questions are not explained in the Qur’an and authentic Ahadith, they try to locate sayings or deeds of any of the Sahabah and Tabi’een instead of depending on their own verdicts and deduction. If they get a saying or deed then they make taqleed of it. Here are some examples from the first generation.

August 18, 2008

Chapter 08 DIFFERENT LEVELS OF TAQLEED Part 2


Fiqh, The Legal Status of Following a Madhab

Taqleed For The Erudite Scholar

He is a scholar who though has not attained the degree of ijtihad, yet has learnt the Islamic sciences from expert teachers and imparts education and writes books under the supervision of leading ulama for a long period of time. He is proficient in tafseer, Hadith, fiqh and their fundamentals. He is capable of deriving benefit from the worthy predecesors in examining an issue and is well-conversed with their temperament and style and gets to the correct conclusion. Shah Waliullah described him thus:

August 18, 2008

Chapter 08 DIFFERENT LEVELS OF TAQLEED Part 1


Fiqh, The Legal Status of Following a Madhab

Taqleed of The Masses

This is the first level of taqleed. By masses, we mean:

(i) Those who are completely unaware of the Arabic language and the Islamic sciences though they may be well educated and adept in other sciences.

(ii) Those who though they know Arabic and can understand Arabic books, but have not acquired knowledge of tafseer, Hadith, fiqh and related religious matters from a teacher in a proper way.

(iii) Those who though they have accomplished Islamic sciences formally but have not gained proficiency in tafseer, Hadith, fiqh and their fundamentals, nor do they have insight in them.

August 18, 2008

Chapter 05 TAQLEED OF INDIVIDUAL IN TIMES OF SAHABAH AND TABI’EEN Part 2


Fiqh, The Legal Status of Following a Madhab

Sayyidina Huzayl ibn Shurahbeel reported that someone asked Sayyidina Abu Musa Ash’ari a ruling. He gave an answer but also advised them to ask Sayyidina Abdullah ibn Mas’ood . They went to him and told him that they had asked Abu Musa Ash’ari already. His ruling was contrary to Abu Musa’s who, when they told him about it, said:

“Do not ask me (for rulings) as long as this great scholar is among you.” (Bukhari v2 p997)

The words in Musnad Ahmad are:

“As long as this major scholar is among you do not ask me anything.” (Ahmed v1 p464)

August 18, 2008