Ubaadah bin Saamit (Radhiallaho anho) reports that he asked the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) about “Laylatul Qadr”. He replied: “It is in Ramadhan, during the last ten days, on the unevenly numbered nights, either the 21st 23rd, 25th, 27th, 29th or the last night of Ramadhan. Whosoever stands in “Ibaadah” on this night, with sincere faith and with genuine hopes of gaining reward, his previous sins will be forgiven. Among the signs of this night is that it is a serene, quiet, shining night, neither hot, nor cold but temperate as if a moon is shining clear, and no meteors are shot at the “Shayateen” on that night; it lasts until the break of the dawn. Another sign is that at morn, the Sun rises without any radiant beams of light, appearing rather like the moon in it’s fullness. On that day, Allah prohibits the “Shayateen” from rising up with the Sun.”
There are more than 70 branches of Imaan in the Revered Ahaadeeth of Allah’s Last Rasool SallalLahu-`alayhi Wasallam. They were collected and compiled by Imam Baihaqi (RahimahulLahu) in his book of the Revered Ahadeeth Sh’ubul Imaan in detail.
We present to the Mujahideen a list of these Seventy Branches of Imaan in brief. So they could start acting upon each of them, which will enhance and strengthen their Imaan. Some of the 70 branches are those without which one cannot become a Muslim, while other branches relate to the completion of Imaan and the enhancement of Imaan.
Hadrat Mu’az bin Jabel (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that one day he requested the Messenger of ALLAH, Inform me, Messenger of ALLAH of an act which will cause me to enter paradise and remove me far from hell”. He said, “You have asked a serious question, but it is easy for the one whom ALLAH helps to answer it. Please listen, it is of primary importance, these basic requirements of religion should be met with care and determination. Worship of ALLAH and associate nothing with Him, observe the prayer in the proper manner single – mindedly. Pay the Zakat, fast during Ramadhan, and perform Hajj. He then said, “Shall I not guide you to the gateways of what is good? (i.e. whatever he had told were the pillars of faith and obligations – Faraiz) He then said, “Shall I not guide you to other gateways of what is good?” (Perhaps he meant voluntary Salaah) so, he appreciating the eargerness of Hadrat Mu’az narrated, “Fasting is a protection (from sins and hell fire) and alms – giving extinguishes fire, and Salaah in the middle of night (Tahajjud Salaah) has the same effect and has a special place in the gateways of what is good. After that he (in connection with the eminence of Tahajjud Salaah and Sadaqa) recited the following verse of Surah.
Hadis: It is narrated on the authority of Hadrat Umar bin Khattab (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu): One day when we were in the company of the Holy Prophet (Sallaliahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) at that time he was addressing a big gathering of his companions – (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) that suddenly a man appeared before us. His clothes were extremely white and his hair was very black. There was no effect of travel on him (which could give an impression that he was not an outsider). Besides, none of us recognized him and this led us to take him as a stranger.
I’tikaf of the last ten days of Ramadhan is the only Masnoon I’tikaf. This Masnoon I’tikaf is Sunnatul Muak-kadah alal Kifayah. If a few or even just one person observes this I’tikaf in a particular area/neighbourhood, the duty will be discharged on behalf of the entire community of that locality. On the otherhand, if no one observes this I’tikaf, the whole community will be guilty of neglecting a Sunnatul Muakkadah obligation. Such neglect is sinful.
(1) The Mu’takif (the one who observes I’tikaf will enter the Musjid before sunset of the 20th day of Ramadhan.
Allah says in the Holy Quran: Bow down with those who bow down.
Hadith says: salaat with jamaat has 27 times more reward than salaat alone.
The Holy Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was constant his entire life in praying his salaat with jamaat. It wasn’t until the last few days of his (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) life when he was very sick that he gave up the jamaat.
Likewise the sahaba were the same way, meaning they never gave up the jamaat. They looked upon someone who missed jamaat as a hypocrite. The never missed the jamaat unless they had an excuse or they were travelling.
Besides the Saum of Ramadhan, there are other compulsory Saum as well. These are briefly discussed hereunder.
(1) Saum as Kaffarah for Qasam
When a Qasam (oath) has been violated, one of the options of expiation is to fast three consecutive days. On having fasted three days – one after the other – one is absolved of the sin of having violated the oath.
(2) Saum as Kaffarah for killing
(1) The Islamic months, being lunar months, commence with the sighting (rooyat) of the crescent moon (hilal). The principle is the sighting of the hilaI, not the birth of the moon.
(2) It is Wajib (obligatory) for the people to search for the hilal at the end of the 29th day of Sha’ban, i.e. at sunset.
There are five days during the year on which it is forbidden to fast.
These five days are:
The two days of Eid and the three days of Tashreek viz. 11th, 12th and 13th Zil-Haj. (The 3 days following Eid-ul-Adhaa)
Fasting on these days is not valid.
YAUMUSH – SHAKK (THE DOUBTFUL DAY)
(1) The day after the 29th of Sha’ban is termed Yaumush Shakk or the Doubtful Day because of the possibility of that day being the 30th Sha’baan or the 1st Ramadhan.
(2) It is Makrooh to fast on Yaumush Shakk whether it is a Nafl, Qadha or Nathr Saum.
The following fifteen things are wajib in salaat. If you forget to perform any one of these things during namaz your namaz will be incomplete and you will have to perform sajdah sahw. If you leave off performing a wajib on purpose, then you will be a sinner and the entire salaat will have to be repeated.
- To begin the namaz with the special words “Allahu Akbar”
- To recite surah Fatiha in the first two rakaats of the fard namaz and in every rakat of witr and nafil namaz.