Umme Harâm radiyallâhu ‘anhâ

Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, History & Biography, Part 7 - Lives of Pious Women and Characteristics of Women, Women & Family

She is also a Sahâbiyah and the sister of Umme Sulaym radiyallâhu ‘anhâ, whose story has just been mentioned above. She is also an aunt of Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam. He used to visit her as well. Once he went to her house, had a meal and fell asleep. He then woke up smiling. She asked him the reason for his smiling. He replied: “I had a dream and saw people of my ummah going on jihâd on a ship. Their possessions and clothing appeared to be that of the rich and the royalty.” She said: “O Rasulullah! Make du‘â that I am also from among them.” He made du‘â for her and fell asleep again. He woke up smiling for a second time, related the same dream, and that he saw more of the same type of people. She said: “O Rasulullah! Make du‘â that I am also from among them.” He replied: “You are already included in the first group of people.” It so happened, that her husband, ‘Ubâdah, went out for jihâd on a ship and she also accompanied him. Once they landed, she began climbing onto an animal. This animal became hysterical and she fell down and passed away.

July 15, 2011

AHADITH concerning the rewards and the punishments for deeds Part 2

Akhlaq & Spirituality, Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 6-Etiquette and Manners, Reformation of the Heart, Deeds and their Retribution

Recitation of the Quran

26. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “The person who recites a single letter of the Quran will receive one reward. And the basic principle with regard to rewards is that they are multiplied ten fold. I do not say that Alif Lâm Mîm is one letter. Instead, Alif is one letter, Lâm is one letter, and Mîm is one letter. Based on this, one will receive 30 rewards.”

Cursing oneself or one’s children

December 21, 2010

Wasîyyah or Bequests

Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 5-Principles of Business

1. A person’s saying that a certain amount of money or wealth will go to a certain person or for a certain cause after his death is known as wasîyyah. This is irrespective of whether he said this while he was enjoying good health or while he was ill, and irrespective of whether he passes away as a result of this sickness or he recovers from it. The rule with regard to the wealth which he gives with his own hands or forgives the debts that he is being owed is that if he gives this while he is enjoying good health or he recovers from the sickness in which he gave this, it is permissible for him to do this and this is valid. As for the sickness in which he passes away, this will be regarded as a wasîyyah – the rules regarding which will be mentioned later.

November 23, 2010


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 5-Principles of Business

1. You took a loan of R10 from someone and in order for him to trust you, you kept one of your possessions with him informing him that if you do not trust me, keep this item with you. Once I repay you the R10, I will take my item back. This is permissible. This is known as mortgaging or pawning. However, under no circumstances is it permissible to pay any interest as is in vogue among the merchants and bankers whereby they charge an interest for mortgaging. It is harâm to pay or to accept interest.

November 22, 2010


Hazrat Musa (A.S), History & Biography

Qaaroon was the paternal cousin of Nabi Musaa (alayhis salaam). He is famed for his wealth and notorious for his arrogance. He did not accept Imaan. He had so much wealth that according to the Qur’aan, carrying only the keys of his treasure vaults would exhaust men of strong physique.

Qaaroon exceeded all bounds of arrogance and pride. He held in contempt those who had accepted Imaan. Nabi Musaa (alayhis salaam) constantly admonished him and exhorted him to be grateful to Allah Ta’ala for all the wealth, and to fulfil its rights. Qaaroon retorted that the wealth he had was not a bestowal by the Rabb of Musaa, but was the consequence of his intelligence and expertise.

November 21, 2010

Passing over of debts to someone else

Bahishti Zewar, Economics, Fiqh, Part 5-Principles of Business

1. You owe money to Shafî‘ah while Râbi‘ah owes you money. Shafî‘ah asked you for the money which you owe her. You reply: “Râbi‘ah is owing me some money. Take the money which I owe you from her and do not ask me.” If Shafî‘ah agrees to this there and then, and Râbi‘ah also agrees to this, then you are absolved from the responsibility of your debt to Shafî‘ah. Shafî‘ah cannot ask you for the money; she will have to ask Râbi‘ah, irrespective of when she receives the money. Furthermore, the money that you have asked Shafî‘ah to collect from Râbi‘ah, you cannot claim that amount from Râbi‘ah. However, if Râbi‘ah is owing you more than what you were owing Shafî‘ah, you can claim the balance from Râbi‘ah. If Râbi‘ah pays the money to Shafî‘ah, well and good. But if she did not pay and passes away, then Shafî‘ah will be paid after selling all her (Râbi‘ah’s) personal belongings. If Râbi‘ah did not leave behind any wealth or possessions or, while she was alive she denied owing you any money, took an oath that she owes no money to you, and there are no witnesses in this regard as well, then in such a case Shafî‘ah can ask you for the money that you owe her and can also demand it from you.
If in the very beginning you ask Shafî‘ah to take the money from Râbi‘ah and she does not agree, or Râbi‘ah herself is not happy about giving the money to Shafî‘ah, then this debt has not fallen off your shoulders (i.e. you are still responsible to pay Shafî‘ah her money).

June 11, 2010

51) Overburdening and Arrogance against others

Beliefs & Practices, Major Sins

This includes overbearing the weak, the male slave, the female slave, the wife and the beast. Allah, the Almighty ordered us to deal in kindness towards these varieties. He said,

{Serve Allah and join not any partners with Him, and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, those in need, neighbors who are of kin, neighbors who are strangers, the companion by your side, the way-fairer( ye meet) and what your right hands possess: for Allah loveth not the arrogant, the vainglorious} (An-Nisa’: 36)

Concerning Allah’s saying,

{Serve Allah, and join not any partners with Him}

May 29, 2009

Tranquility through Deprivation

Akhlaq & Spirituality, Striding in Allah’s Shade - Enriching Lives

When Allah seizes some precious possession from a believer and deprives him of it, the last thing to ensue would be his getting disheartened. A firm believer’s condition would actually not change! Infact, all in and out tranquility reins him. An illustration for this can be when a cherished friend of yours takes your belongings to Quetta, and you too have to leave Karachi to settle in Quetta for good. You even know that your friend who has taken your luggage to Quetta is a very wise man, and has also assured you: “My friend, I’m taking your possessions to Quetta and before you even arrive there, it will be increased manifold.” So what do you think, would you be perturbed or would you be content? Very content, indeed. Voicing the verity in honour of your friend: What a good fellow he is, who reduced my burden; in addition, he is also going to boost my assets multiple times over.

November 6, 2008

Conditions which make Jama’at Wajib

Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 2-Salat and its virtues

1. To be a male – jama’at is not wajib on women.

2. To be mature – jama’at is not wajib on children who have not reached the age
of puberty.

3. To be a free person – jama’at is not wajib on a slave.

4. One must be in one’s senses – jama’at is not wajib on a person who is
intoxicated, unconscious, or a lunatic.

5. To be free from all excuses – in the presence of these excuses, jama’at is
not wajib. However, it will be better if he offers his salaat with jama’at
despite having an excuse. If he does not offer with jama’at, he will be deprived
of the reward. The excuses for leaving out jama’at are fourteen:

August 31, 2008

TA’ZIYAT (Condolence)

Beliefs & Practices

Ta’ziyat is the practice of condolence – of sympathizing with, and giving moral support and encouragement to the bereaved – to those who have lost dear ones.

When a death takes place, it is Sunnat to visit the bereaved and to offer moral support, and to comfort them with the virtues of Sabr. Ta’ziyat should take place within three days of Maut. Ta’ziyat after three days is not permissible. However, for those who live in other towns, Ta’ziyat is valid whenever they happen to visit the home of the bereaved relative/friend.

August 17, 2008