Hazrat Abu Hurairah Radiyallaahu Anhu narrates that he heard Rasulullah Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam relate that there were three men from the Banu Isra’eel. One of them was a leper, the other bald, and the third blind. Allah Ta’aala wanted to test them, so He sent an angel to them. The angel first went to the leper and asked him: “What would you like best?” He replied: “I would like a nice complexion, a beautiful skin, and that this sickness goes away from me whereby people do not allow me to sit with them and which they hate.” The angel passed his hand over the body of that person. He was immediately cured and a nice skin and beautiful complexion appeared. The angel then asked him: “What type of wealth do you like the most?” He replied: “Camels.” So he gave him a pregnant camel and told him: “May Allah Ta’aala give you barkaat in this.”
Q. “Can you tell precisely who is entitled to receive zakah? Can we spend the zakah money for the following purposes:
(a) In building a religious school which is a profit making concern for the operator?
(b) In buying a computer or an airconditioner for a religious or a social body?”
Fidyah is the compensation which has to be paid for the Saum which has not been executed on account of permanent disability, etc.
(1) The Fidyah amount for each compulsory fast not kept is the same as Sadqah Fitr, viz. 2kg bread flour or its cash equivalent or feeding a miskeen (poor person) two full meals for a day.
(2) Unlike Kaffarah, it is permissible to distribute the Fidyah amount among several masakeen (poor persons).
(3) Fidyah (as well as Kaffarah) money/food can be given to only such Muslims who are allowed to accept Zakat.
1. If a person breaks his oath, he will have to pay a
The person who
possesses the nisâb of either gold or silver, or trade goods which equal
the nisâb of either gold or silver is regarded as a rich person in the
Shariah. It is not permissible to give zakât money to him. Nor is it
permissible for him to accept or consume zakât money. Similarly, the person who
has belongings which are not for the purposes of trade but are over and above
his basic needs, is also considered to be a rich person. It is not permissible
to give zakât money to such a person as well. Furthermore, although he is
regarded as a rich person, zakât is not wajib on him.
Upon the expiry of
the year, zakât should be given immediately. It is not a good habit to delay in
carrying out good deeds because it is possible that death may overcome a person
and this duty will still remain on his shoulders. If the paying of zakât is
delayed to such an extent that the second year also expires, the person will be
a sinner but he can still repent for this sin and pay the zakât immediately. In
other words, he should pay the zakât that is incumbent upon him at some time or
the other in his life and should not leave it out.
The person who is extremely old and does not have the strength of fasting, and the person who is extremely ill and does not have any hope of recovering nor the strength to fast will have to give grain to a poor person equivalent to the amount stipulated for sadaqatul fitr in place of every fast that such people miss. Alternatively, they could feed one poor person with two complete meals for each fast that they miss. In the Shariah this is known as fidyah. It is also permissible for such persons to give the value of the grain in cash.
The kaffarah for breaking the fast of Ramadhân is that the person must fast for two consecutive months. It is not permissible to keep a few fasts, stop fasting for a few days, and recommence fasting. If for some reason or the other, one or two fasts in-between are missed out, then the fast for two months will have to be restarted. However, the fasts that a woman misses due to her monthly haid, are forgiven. By not fasting on these days, no harm is caused to the kaffarah. However, once she is purified from her haid, she should immediately recommence with the fasting and complete the sixty days.
1. He was extremely generous. He never said no to anyone who asked him for anything. If he had anything to give, he would give it. If he did not have, he would inform the person in a kind manner that he does not have anything at present and that he would give him something later.
2. He was very honest in his speech.
3. He had a very soft temperament.
4. He liked ease in all matters (i.e. he abstained from causing difficulties and complications).