Partnerships are of two kinds:
(a) Shirkat-e-Imlâk: Examples: (1) A person passes away and there are several inheritors to his estate. (2) Two persons contributed an amount of money and purchased one item. (3) One person gave a gift to two persons.
The rule with regard to such a partnership is that no one has a right to do anything with the item without the permission of the other.
(b) Shirkat-e-‘Uqûd: Two persons made a mutual agreement that they will conduct a business together. The categories and rules of such a partnership are as follows: