Hadith One: It is mentioned in a Hadith that to earn halâl wealth is a fard after other farâ’id. In other words, it is fard to earn halâl wealth after other farâ’id which are the pillars of Islam, such as salât, fasting, etc. This means that although it is fard to earn halâl wealth, the status of this fard is less than that of the other farâ’id which form part of the pillars of Islam.
There is a verse of the ‘Holy Quran’
“And pilgrimage to the house is a duty unto Allah for mankind, for him who can afford the journey thereunto. And whosever disbelieves (i.e. he does not come to the house despite his being able to do so) then (he does Harm only to himself) Allah stands not in need of any of his creatures.” (3 : 97)
To afford journey to that House (i.e. the Ka’ba) means that apart from one’s day-to-day necessities of life one has sufficient funds to meet all the expenses of journey to and from the house of Allah at Mecca as well as the Expenses during the period of one’s stay there. Moreover, one should be able to manage the Wajib (obligatory) maintenance of one’s dependants upto one’s return from the journey. There are severe warnings in the ‘Holy Quran’ and ‘Hadith’ for a man who does not perform the ‘Hajj’ Pilgrimage despite his being capable as mentioned above.
The person who
possesses the nisâb of either gold or silver, or trade goods which equal
the nisâb of either gold or silver is regarded as a rich person in the
Shariah. It is not permissible to give zakât money to him. Nor is it
permissible for him to accept or consume zakât money. Similarly, the person who
has belongings which are not for the purposes of trade but are over and above
his basic needs, is also considered to be a rich person. It is not permissible
to give zakât money to such a person as well. Furthermore, although he is
regarded as a rich person, zakât is not wajib on him.