Abu Hurayrah relates that Rasulullah (SAW) said, “My Ummah were given five things for Ramadan which were not given to anyone except them. For them, the smell from the mouth of a fasting person is more sweeter to Allah than the fragrant smell of musk. On their behalf the fish in the sea seek forgiveness for the fasting persons until they break their fast. Allah prepares and decorates a special garden in Jannah everyday and then says (to it), “The time is near when faithful servants shall cast aside the great trials of the world and come to you”. In this month (for them) evil-minded Shaytaan is chained so as not to reach unto those evils to which they normally reach during other months besides Ramadan. On the last night of Ramadan they are forgiven”.
At the time of the Prophet (SAW), there was a young man named Alqamah. He was very diligent in obeying Allah by engaging in prayer and fasting and spending in charity. Then he fell ill and his illness became serious. His wife went to the Prophet and said, ”My husband, Alqamah, is on his deathbed. I therefore came to tell you, Messenger of Allah, about his condition.” The Prophet (then) sent for Ammar or Suhaib and Bilal, and told them to go to him (Alqamah) and have him repeat the Shahadah. Thereupon they went to him and found him in the agony of death. They asked him to say, “La illaha illa Allah,” but his tongue was unable to pronounce it. At that, they came and told the Messenger of Allah that he was unable to repeat the Shahadah.
Hadrat Abdullah bin Zaid (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that the Messenger of ALLAH took the people in open ground (place) and performed Salaah for rain. He led them in two rak’ahs in the course of which he recited from the Holy QURAAN in a loud voice. He faced the QIBLAH making supplication, raised his hands and turned round his cloak when he faced QIBLA. [Bukhari, Muslim]
Hadrat Abdullah -ibn- Abbas (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that the Messenger of ALLAH told his uncle, son of ‘Abdul Muttalib (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu):
Abbas my uncle, shall I not give you, shall not present you, shall I not tell you, shall I not produce in you ten things, by your doing which ALLAH will forgive you your sin, first and last, old and new, involuntary and voluntary, small and great, secret and open? You should perform Salaah four rakahs reciting in each on surah al-Fatihah (I) and a surah and when you finish the recitation in the first rak’ah you should say fifteen times while standing:
Hadrat ‘Uqbah bin ‘Amir (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that the Messenger of ALLAH (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said: There were three times at which the Messenger of ALLAH used to forbid us to perform Salaah or bury our dead.
1. When the sun begins to rise till it is fully up.
2. When the sun is at its height at mid day till it passes the meridian.
3. When the sun draws near to setting till it sets. [Muslim]
(Hadrat) ‘Abdullah lbn ‘Umer (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that the Messenger of ALLAH (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said: “He who performs Wudu inspite of being in a state of purity will have ten blessing recorded for him.” [Tirmizi]
The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) often performed ablution afresh and sometimes perform a number of Salaah’s in continuity with the same ablution. [Zad -ul- Ma’ad]
Hadrat Abu Haurairah (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that the Messenger of ALLAH said: O Abu Hurairah! When you perform ablution, say Bismillah -Wal- Hamdo Lillah (The result would be that) so long as this ablution would continue (i.e. one would remain in a state of purity), the Kiramun Katibeen (recording angles) would continue to write good deeds in his name. [Mu’jim Sagir – Tabarani, Ma’rif -ul- Hadis]
It has been reported in traditions that knowledgeshould be acquired on Monday. This facilitates the acquisition of it. Same is mentioned about Thursday while in some traditions Wednesday appears. The learned author of Hidayah used to commence a book on Wednesday and used to say that whatever is begun on Wednesday renders its completion.” [Sharah Talmul Muta’ -alum, Bahishti Zewar]
It has been reported from the Messenger of ALLAH (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) that he said, “Whoever transmits forty of my traditions to my Ummah, I shall make special recommendations for him”. [Jame Khabre]
Hadrat Abu Ayyub Ansari (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that a man came to the Messenger of ALLAH and requested him for some advice but that it should be brief (so that it may be easy for him to remember it). He said,
(Firstly) when you stand up for Salaah then say the Salaah just like a person who is about to bid farewell to everything and to say Good Bye to everybody (i.e. the Salaah should be like that of a person who is about to breathe his last). You should say every Salaah in the same manner,
Hadrat Abdullah bin Masud (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that the Messenger of ALLAH said,
“If through fear of ALLAH tears, even to the extent of a fly’s head, fall from any believer’s eyes and drop on some part of his cheek, he will be kept away from hell by ALLAH.
[lbn Majah, Ma’arif-ul-Hadis]