(1) Eating or drinking breaks the Saum.
(2) Sexual intercourse even if there is no emergence of semen.
(4) Inhaling smoke by one’s own action, e.g. inhaling the smoke of incense, etc.
(5) Application of medication into the anus.
(6) Swallowing any substance or object which is not normally consumed as food or medicine, e.g. pebbles, paper, a coin, etc.
(7) Pouring oil into the ears.