- Allaahuma innee astakheeruka bu-ilmika, wa astaqdiruka biqudra-tika, wa as’aluka min fadhlikal – Adheem, fa innaka taqdiru wa laa aqdiru, wa ta’lamu, wa laa a’lamu, wa Anta ‘Allaamul Ghuyoobi; Allaahumma in kunta ta ‘lamu anna haathal-amra,- — (then mention the thing to be decided) Khairun lee fee deenee wa ma‘aashee wa ‘aaqibati amree — (or say)— Aajilihi wa aajlihi. Faqdurhu lee wa yassirhu lee thumma baarik lee feehi wa in kunta ta‘lamu anna haathalamra sharrun lee fee deenee wa ma‘aashee wa ‘aaqibati amree — (or say) — ‘Aajilihi wa aajilihi. Fasrifhu ‘annee wasrinee ‘anhu waqdur liyal-khaira haithu kaana thumma ardhinee bihi.
1. A dyer, washerman or tailor was given an item in order to carry out his respective job. The item which is given to him is regarded as an amânah. If it is stolen, lost or destroyed unintentionally despite his taking all the precautions; it is not permissible to take any compensation from him. However, if he washed the cloth in such a way that it got torn, or placed an expensive silk garment in the cauldron in such a way that it got damaged; it will be permissible to ask him for a compensation. Similarly, it is permissible to take compensation for a garment which he may have exchanged (with another garment). If he loses a garment and says that he does not know where it has disappeared to or what has happened to it, it will be permissible to ask him for compensation. But if he says that a burglary took place and it got stolen, it will not be permissible to ask for any compensation.
1. The following methods of hiring out are regarded as ijârah fâsidah (improper leasing):
(a) At the time of renting a house, the period was not specified as to how long the house will be rented.
(b) The rental was not specified. The person merely occupied the house and began living in it.
(c) The tenant made this condition that he will pay the costs for whatever breaks in the house.
(d) The landlord rented the house on the condition that whatever breaks in the house will have to be repaired by the tenant and that the repairs that he will undertake will actually be his method of payment of the rental. But if the landlord says: “You live in this house and undertake whatever repairs are necessary. There is no rental to be paid.” In such a case this is an aariyah (a loan). This is permissible.
1. Once you have taken a house on rent on a monthly basis and took possession of it, you will have to pay the rent on the expiry of the month. This is irrespective of whether you lived in it or whether it remained empty. In both cases it is wâjib on you to pay the rent.
2. A tailor sewed a garment for you, a dyer dyed it for you or the washerman washed it for you. After carrying out this work, he brought it to you. He has the right of refusing to hand over the garment to you until you pay him for the job that he has carried out. It is not permissible for you to take it forcefully without having paid him.
1. A woman’s husband passed away. She must now observe the ‘iddah for four months and ten days. She must live in the house in which she was staying at the time of her husband’s death. It is not permissible for her to go out of that house. However, if a woman is very poor and does not have the resources to lead a normal life, and she takes up a job of cooking for someone or takes up some other similar job, it will be permissible for her to leave her house. However, she will have to spend the night in her home.