Muhammad bin Ka‘b relates that there was a great ‘âlim and ‘âbid in the Banû Isrâ’îl. He loved his wife very much. Co-incidentally, she passed away. This person was so grieved by this that he locked his door and abstained from meeting and conversing with people. A woman from the Banû Isrâ’îl heard about this so she went to him. She informed those who were guarding the entrance to his house that she wants to ask him a mas’ala and that it can only be asked directly to him. Saying this, she sat down stubbornly by the door. The person was informed of this and eventually permitted her to enter. She said: “I want to ask you a mas’ala.” He replied: “Go ahead.” She said: “I have a neighbour from whom I borrowed some jewellery. I am wearing it for quite some time now. Thereafter she sent a person asking for her jewellery. The question I want to ask you is that do I have to give it back to her?” The ‘âlim replied: “Yes, you have to give it back to her.” The woman replied: “That jewellery was with me for a very long time. How can I give it?” The ‘âlim replied: “In such a case, you should give it even more happily because it was out of her kindness that she allowed you to use it for such a long time.” When he said this, the woman replied: “May Allah have mercy on you? Why, then, are you so sad? Allah had loaned you something and when He wished, He took it back. (Because) it belongs to Him.” Upon hearing this, the ‘âlim realized his mistake and benefited tremendously from this conversation.
1. A dyer, washerman or tailor was given an item in order to carry out his respective job. The item which is given to him is regarded as an amânah. If it is stolen, lost or destroyed unintentionally despite his taking all the precautions; it is not permissible to take any compensation from him. However, if he washed the cloth in such a way that it got torn, or placed an expensive silk garment in the cauldron in such a way that it got damaged; it will be permissible to ask him for a compensation. Similarly, it is permissible to take compensation for a garment which he may have exchanged (with another garment). If he loses a garment and says that he does not know where it has disappeared to or what has happened to it, it will be permissible to ask him for compensation. But if he says that a burglary took place and it got stolen, it will not be permissible to ask for any compensation.
1. You borrowed clothing, jewellery, a bed, utensils, etc. from someone for a few days and told them that you will return them once your need for them is over. The rule with regard to this is the same as that of an amânah. It will be wâjib on you to safeguard these items. If such borrowed items disappear despite your taking all the precautions to safeguard them, then that person cannot demand any compensation from you. In fact, even if you had told that person that if it gets lost you will compensate him, it is not permissible for him to take any compensation. But if you did not safeguard it and it therefore got lost, you will have to pay compensation for it. Furthermore, the owner has the right to take back his item whenever he wishes. It is not permissible for you to refuse to return it to him. If you refuse to hand it over to him despite his asking you to do so and thereafter it gets lost, you will have to pay compensation.
21. As far as is possible, make him learn under a religious-minded teacher.
22. Don’t ever allow him to absent himself from going to madrasah.
23. Set aside certain times in which you narrate stories of the pious to him.
24. Do not allow the child to look at books that contain love stories, stories that are contrary to the Sharî‘ah, stories that are obscene or that have no benefit, love poems, etc.
25. Give them books that cover the different aspects of the Dîn, and books that cover the necessary aspects of this world.
It should be borne in mind that the bringing up of children in the proper manner is of prime importance. This is because whatever good or bad habits they learn in their childhood, they do not leave them for the rest of their lives. From the time of infancy till they reach maturity, the following matters should be strictly adhered to:
1. Ensure that the child drinks the milk of a pious, religious woman. Milk has a great effect in the life of a person.
1. When a woman has been issued with a talâqur raj’î, her ‘iddah is that she cannot leave her home until the expiry of the period of ‘iddah nor can she marry anyone in this period. It is permissible for her to beautify and adorn herself.
As for the woman who has been issued three talâqs, one talâqul bâ’in, or her nikâh has broken in some other way – the ruling in all these cases is that such a woman cannot leave her home until the expiry of her ‘iddah, she cannot marry anyone in this period nor can she beautify or adorn herself. All these things are harâm upon her. Abstaining from this self-beautification and remaining in a dishevelled and unkempt manner is known as mourning.
Sadaqatul fitr is
wajib on the following persons: (1) the person upon whom zakât is
wajib, (2) the person upon whom zakât is not wajib but who has
wealth equal to the nisâb of zakât over and above his basic needs. This
is irrespective of whether the wealth is for the purposes of trade or not and
irrespective of whether he had it in his possession for a full year or not. This
sadaqah has to be given on or before the day of eid