Hakeemul Ummat Mujaddidul-Millat Moulana Ashraf Ali Saheb Thanwi ( ) the author of Bahishti Zewar and a very great Aalim (scholar of Deen) has mentioned, that whoever’s heart has become hard, and instead of engaging in the remembrance of Allah Ta’ala, he is troubled by the desire to sin i.e. hardness has settled into his heart, which is termed as Qasa’wat in Arabic, then for the reformation of such a heart, a prescription has been mentioned in the Hadith Shareef.
Story No. 31: (Episode)
Another saintly person says: “While I was in Madina, I saw a non-Arab person reciting the farewell salaam at the grave of Rasulullah Sal’am. As he left, I followed him. At Zul Hulayfah he performed salaah and donned the Ihraam. When he commenced his salaah I did the same and when he departed from there I again followed him. Later he looked towards me and said: “what is your aim?”
I said: “I wish to accompany you.” He refused my wish. I pleaded with all humility. Then he said to me: “If it is your aim to do so, then follow me step by step.” I said: “Very well.”
He went along an unknown route with me behind him. Having traveled for a small part of the night we saw a lamp shining in the dark. He said to me: ‘this is the mosque of Hazrat Aa’isha.R.A at Tan’eem (near Mecca). Now either you shall go ahead or me?”
I replied: “It shall be as you wish.”
He went ahead and I slept there. Early in the next morning before fajr I entered Mecca, to perform tawaaf and saee; and then I went to pay my respects to Hazrat Shaikh Abu Bakr Kattani R.A. around whom I found many saintly persons.
He asked me: “when did you arrive?”
I answered : “I have just arrived.”
He asked : “From where did you come?”
I answered : “From Madina.”
He asked : “when did you leave Madina?”
I answered : “Last night.”
When I said this, the people looked at me in disbelief and surprise. The Shaikh said: “with whom did you travel?” I replied that I had come with a certain saintly person and told the m the story of how I had come walking from Madina to Mecca in a portion of the night.
The Shaikh exclaimed: “That person is Abu Ja’far Hazrat Wamighani R.A. Whatever you have said about him shows that it must be him. For him to have come in that short period of time is a common and minor thing. Come, friends, let us go and search for Shaikh Hazrat Wamighani R.A.”
And to em he said: ‘It is not customary for you to arrive in such a short time. Therefore I had to ask in detail. How did the ground feel under you while you were walking? I replied: “It felt like rolling waves of the sea passing through under my feet.” (Rowdh)
Story No. 31: (Episode)
A lady came to hazrat Aa’isha R.A. begging her to let her see the grave of Rasulullah Sal’am in the room where he is buried. Hazrat Aa’isha R.A. pulled away the curtain and when the lady saw the grave she cried so bitterly and continuously that she died there. (shifa)
31. Let it be noted that every care be taken that at the time of reciting salaam, no noise, shouting and loud voices be heard. The voice should be raised only sufficiently to reach inside the room. Hazrat Mulla Ali Qari Rah says: “The voice should not be unduly raised neither unduly lowered. Choose a tone between these two extremes. Let the heart be mindful of what is being read and be ashamed before the Rasul Sal’am for the wrong acts committed. It is related in a Hadith in the Bukhari Shareef: “Hazrat Saaib R.A. reports that he was in the mosque in Madina when someone threw a small stone at him. Looking around he saw Hazrat Umar R.A. who indicated him to come to him. He went and Hazrat Umar R.A. said: “Please bring those two people to me-those two talking over there.” Hazrat Saaib R.A. brought them. Hazrat Umara R.A. asked them where they were from and they said: ‘From Taif.’ Hazrat Umar R.A. said: “You two are conversing with each other in loudly raised voices. If you had been inhabitants of this city, I would have punished you.” Muhammad bin Maslama R.A. says: “NO one is allowed to raise hi voice in speech in this Mosque.” (Sharhi shifa). The story about Sayyidna Hazrat Umar R.A. as just quoted is reported by various writers. In some of the reports Hazrat Umar R.A. is supposed to have added: “I would have beat them with lashes causing immense pain (for conversing loudly).” However, being strangers to the city and being unaware of what is right and wrong, he excused them.
Whenever Hazrat Aa’isha R.A. used to hear any noise near the grave, she sent someone to beg them to be quite and to bear in mind the fact that those things disturb the Rasul Sal’am.
Hazrat Ali R.A. required a door to be made for his house. He asked the carpenter to kindly go and construct it at Baqi, so that the noise of constructing it does not reach the Rasul Sal’am.
In Mawahib Hazrat Allama Qastalani Rah writes: “The same respect should be shown to the Rasul Sal’am at this time as would have been shown to him in his lifetime, because he is indeed alive in his grave.” (Sharh Mawaahib)
Allah specially instructs in this direction in the Qur’aan when he says in Surah Hujuraat:
‘O You who believe, Raise not your voices above the voice of the Nabi, nor speak aloud to him in talk, as you speak aloud to one another, lest your deeds become vain and you perceive not.’
Hazrat Imaam Bukhari R.A. relates regarding this verse that once in the presence of Rasulullah Sal’am a discussion took place between Hazrat Abu Bakr R.A. and Hazrat Umar R.A. where these two had a difference of opinion. The conversation led to raised voices, whereupon this verse was revealed. When Allah warns the likes of Hazrat Abu Bakr R.A. and Hazrat Umar R.A. with such stern words, how much should we not fear that punishment? In another Hadith it is said that Hazrat Umar R.A. became so affected by this that thereafter he lowered his voice so much that whenever he spoke he had to be asked to repeat hi words. Hazrat Abu Bakr R.A said: “O Rasulullah Sal’am! From now I shall address you as if I am talking to you about something secret.” It is reported that Hazrat Thabit bin Qais Rah used to have a naturally loud voice. Since the above verse was revealed he became immensely sad and distressed saying: “I shall enter Jahannam for I always speak loudly.” Thereafter he confined himself to his house not setting foot from there. A few days later the Nabi Sal’am, on missing him, inquired about him and was informed of what happened. The Nabi Sal’am consoled him and gave him the glad tiding of his being one of the inmates of Jannah. (Durre Mansoor)
So whoever visits the grave of the Rasul Sal’am should take great precaution against making noise there.
Q. “Can one recite the Holy Qur’an with moderate loudness, when one is offering not in congregation (jama’ah) please elaborate the correct position in the context of Shari’ah”. (Muhammad Yousuf Ghani, Karachi)
A. Yes, it is permissible, rather advisable, to recite the surah al fatihah and other verses of the Holy Qur’an with moderate loudness, when one is offering individually, the salah of fajr, maghrib and Isha’ but it is not allowed to recite loudly in the Zuhr and ‘Asr prayers. Loud recitation is also available in the nafl Salah which is offered in the night hours, like tahajjud or Awwabin. As for the nawafil offered in daytime, it is also permissible, though not advisable.
Hadrat Umm Habba (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that the Messenger of ALLAH said: A house will be built in paradise for him who performs Salaah in a day and a night twelve rak’ahs, (over and above the obligatory Salaah) four before and two after the noon Salaah (Zuhr Salaah) two rakahs after Maghrib Salaah and two after lsha Salaah and two rakahs before Fajr Salaah. [Tirmizi, Ma’rif -uI- Hadis]
Sunan – Fajr Salaah
Hadrat Aishah (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anha) narrated that the Messenger of ALLAH said: The two rakahs, at dawn Salaah (Fair Salaah) are better than this world and what it contains. [Muslim]
The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) used to recite Surah al – Fatihah which was followed by another surah. In Fajr Salaah he would prolong the recitation as long as it would take to recite 6O to 1OO ayat. Some time he would recite surah al-Qaf (L) and sometimes al-Room (XXX) and sometimes he would shorten the recitation. During travel he would recite surah asSajdah (XXXII) in the first rakah and surah ad-Dahr (LXXVI) in the second rakah of Fajr Salaah (morning Salaah). In the Friday Salaah – Jum’ah Salaah he would recite surah al – Mu’minun (XXIII) and sometimes surah – al-Aala (LXXVII) or surah al – Ghashia (LXXX VIII).
Hadrat Buraidah (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that a man asked the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa SaIlam) about the time of the Salaah, to which he replied: “Offer Salaah with us these two days (today and tomorrow)”. Thereafter when the sun passed the meridian he gave command to Hadrat BilaI (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) who uttered the call to Salaah (Aazan) then he recited the iqamah for the noon Salaah (and Zuhr Salaah was perform). Then (at the appropriate time) he commanded Hadrat Bilal and he (as usual first uttered the calls to Salaah and then) recited iqamah for the afternoon Salaah (and Asr Salaah was said). This Aazan and Salaah was performed at times when the sun was sufficiently high white and clear (i.e. its light had not faded as it does when evening falls). Then as soon as the sun had set, the Prophet commanded Bilal to call the Azan and recite iqamah for the sunset Salaah (and maghrib Salaah was perform). Then when the twilight had ended, he commanded Bilal to call the Aazan and recite iqamah for the night Salaah (Salaah – Isha was perform). Then when the dawn appeared, he commanded Bilal to call the Azan and recite iqamah for the Morning Salaah (and Salaah Fajrs was perform). Next day he commanded him to delay the noon Salaah till the extreme heat had passed and he did so, and he allowed it to be delayed till the extreme heat had passed. He observed the afternoon Salaah (Asr Salaah) when the sun was high delaying it beyond the time he had previously observed it he observed the Maghrib Salaah (Sunset Salaah) before the twilight had ended: he observed the Isha Salaah (Night Salaah) when a third of the right had passed; and he observed the (fajr Salaah) dawn Salaah when there was clear day light. Then asking where the man was who had enquired about the time of Salaah and receiving from him a reply that he was present, he said, “The time for your Salaah is within the limits of what you have seen.” [Muslim-Ma’riful Hadis]
Hazrat Abu Hurairah R.A. reports that Rasulullah Sal’am said: “The Jihaad of the aged, the weak and the females is to perform Haj and umrah’.
In the eleventh Hadith of chapter one this theme has already been discussed. Hazrat Aa’isha R.A. asked Rasulullah Sal’am whether Jihaad is also compulsory on woman? Rasulullah Sal’am replied: “Such a form of Jihaad has been laid upon their shoulders wherein there is no fighting and no killing; that is Haj and umrah’. (Targheeb)
Hazrat Aa’isha R.A. says: ‘I very much wanted to enter the Ka’ba to perform salaat inside it. Rasulullah Sal’am then took me by the hand and said: ‘Perform the salaat you desire in this hateem for verily your people, the Quraish left this section of the Ka’ba outside it when they rebuilt the Ka’ba.’