Laylatul Qadr

Dawah & Tabligh, Virtues of Ramadan (Fazail e Aamaal)

Amongst the nights of Ramadhaan there is one called “Laylatul Qadr” a night that is noted for its great blessings. The Qur’aan Kareem describes it as being greater in blessedness and spiritual virtue than a thousand months which in turn means that it is greater than eighty three years and four months.

Fortunate indeed is that person who attains the full blessings of this night by spending it in ‘ibaadah of Allah, because he has then attained reward for ‘ibaadah of eighty three years and four months and even more. Indeed the granting of this night to the faithful Muslim is a great favour.

August 12, 2011

Improper leasing or hiring out

Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 5-Principles of Business

1. The following methods of hiring out are regarded as ijârah fâsidah (improper leasing):
(a) At the time of renting a house, the period was not specified as to how long the house will be rented.
(b) The rental was not specified. The person merely occupied the house and began living in it.
(c) The tenant made this condition that he will pay the costs for whatever breaks in the house.
(d) The landlord rented the house on the condition that whatever breaks in the house will have to be repaired by the tenant and that the repairs that he will undertake will actually be his method of payment of the rental. But if the landlord says: “You live in this house and undertake whatever repairs are necessary. There is no rental to be paid.” In such a case this is an aariyah (a loan). This is permissible.

October 26, 2010

Iddah after Death of the Husband

Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 4-Nikah (Marriage) in Islam

1. A woman’s husband passed away. She must now observe the ‘iddah for four months and ten days. She must live in the house in which she was staying at the time of her husband’s death. It is not permissible for her to go out of that house. However, if a woman is very poor and does not have the resources to lead a normal life, and she takes up a job of cooking for someone or takes up some other similar job, it will be permissible for her to leave her house. However, she will have to spend the night in her home.

September 14, 2010

Îlâ’ or Taking an oath on not going to one’s wife

Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 4-Nikah (Marriage) in Islam

1. A person takes an oath and says: “I swear by Allah that I will not engage in sexual intercourse”, “I swear by Allah that I will never have sex with you”, “I take an oath that I will not have sex with you.” Alternately, he takes an oath that is similar in meaning to the above-mentioned oaths. The rule with regard to this is that if he does not engage in sexual intercourse with her, talâqul bâ’in will take place on the expiry of four months. Without remarrying, they cannot live as husband and wife. But if the husband breaks his oath within four months and has sexual intercourse with his wife, divorce will not take place. However, he will have to pay the kaffârah for breaking his oath. In the Sharî‘ah, such an oath is called ’îlâ’ (which literally means “oath”).

July 29, 2010

Purchasing on credit

Economics, Part 5-Principles of Business

1. It is permissible to purchase an item on credit. However, it is necessary to specify a period of time, i.e. you will pay the amount after 15 days, after one month or after four months – whatever the case may be. If a person does not specify any period but merely says: “I don’t have the money now, I will pay you later”, this has two aspects to it:

(i) He says: “I will purchase this on condition that I will pay you later.” In such a case the transaction will be invalid (faasid).

May 18, 2010

The month of Muharram

Beliefs & Practices

Muharram is the month with which the Muslims begin their lunar Hijrah Calendar. It is one of the four sanctified months about which the Holy Quran says, “The number of the months according to Allah is twelve (mentioned) in the Book of Allah on the day He created heavens and the earth. Among these (twelve months) there are four sanctified.”

These four months, according to the authentic traditions, are Dhul-Qa’dah, Dhul-Hijjah, Muharram and Rajab. All the commentators of the Holy Quran are unanimous on this point, because the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, in his sermon on the occasion of his last Hajj, declared: “One year consists of twelve months, of which four are sanctified months, three of them are in sequence; Dhul-Qa’dah, Dhul-Hijjah, Muharram, and the fourth is Rajab.”

January 25, 2010