Another point of view often presented by some westernized circles is that the authority of the Holy Prophet (SAWS)is, no doubt, established by the Holy Quran even for all the generations for all times to come. But the scope of this authority is limited only to the doctrinal affairs and the matters of worship. The function of a prophet, according to them, is restricted to correct the doctrinal beliefs of the Ummah and to teach them how to worship Allah. As far as the worldly affairs are concerned, they are not governed by the prophetic authority. These worldly affairs include, in their view, all the economic, social and political affairs which should be settled according to the expediency at each relevant time, and the Prophetic authority has no concern with them. Even if the Holy Prophet (SAWS) gives some directions in these fields, he does so in his private capacity, and not as a Messenger. So, it is not necessary for the Ummah to comply with such directions.
Hadith of Sayyidina Adi ibn Hatim
(3) Frequently the following Hadith is presented to denounce taqleed:
“Sayyidina Adi ibn Hatim said that he went to the Prophet SAWS while he had a golden cross round his neck. He said, “Adi! Throw away this idol,” And Adi heard him recite the verse of surah al-Bara’ah (at-Tawbah) (They have taken their rabbis… 9:31) He then said (in explanation of the verse), “These people never worshipped their rabbis and monks but when their monks and rabbis made something lawful for them, they took it as that and when the monks and rabbis made it unlawful they took it as that.” (Tirmizi)