In view of the above, it is advisable that everyone entering the Masjid to join the congregational prayer should, on entering the Masjid, make the Niyyat for ‘I’tikaaf’, in thatcase it means that aslong as he remain busy with Salaat, Zikr, listening to lectures or sermons he also receive reward for the I’tikaaf. I always observed that my late father used to make ‘Niyyat’ for I’tikaaf whenever he entered the Masjid. Occasionally, by way of teaching and reminding his followers, he would raise his voice when reciting when reciting the words for ‘Niyyah’. The reward for I’tikaaf is great as indicated by the fact that the Holy Prophet (SAW) always used to perform I’tikaaf. The example of him who resides in the Masjid in I’tikaaf is that of a person who, having gone to a certain place to appeal for something, remains there until it is granted. When someone comes begging at our door and then refuses to leave until he has been granted his request. I am sure that even the person with the hardest heart amongst us will eventually give in to his request. How much more Merciful is Allah, and when someone persistently sits at His door, what doubt can there be in the fulfilment of his wishes. Allama ibn Qayyim, in explaining the significance of I’tikaaf writes that the actual aim is to divert the heart away from everything except Allah, and to make it come near to Allah, thereby forming a complete spiritual connection with the Creator. All wordly connections are thus cut off, for the sake of gaining Allah’s attention and all thoughts, desires, love and devotion become centred around Him. As a result, an attachment with Allah is attained – a love and friendship that will be the only support in loneliness of the grave. One can possibly imagine the great ecstacy with which that time in the grave will be spent.
Abu,Hurayra (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) relates that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said: “Many of those who fast obtain nothing through such fasting except hunger, and many a one performs “Salaat” by’ night but obtains nothing by it, except the discomfort of staying awake.”
The ancient world had divided life into two compartments, religious and the secular ; and the result was that a wedge had been driven between those who selected one of these as the pursuit of their life. Oftentimes, the two groups were at loggerheads with one another, for, the ‘world’ and ‘religion’ were to them incompatible spheres of human life. Every man had to choose one of the two since nobody could be expected to travel in two boats simultaneously. The prevalent view was that the path of salvation Jay not through the rough and tumble of life, but away from the social, economic and political problems of worldly pursuits. No concept of religion which bars the gates to material progress and acquisition of power, riches and fame could be of interest to intelligent, capable and ambitious persons with the result that a great segment of humanity had delivered itself from the rigorous discipline of asceticism which bad come to be associated with religion. By withdrawing themselves from the virtuous energies, these men had prevented the great importance of morals from appearing perceptibly in public affairs. The State had revolted against the Church and made itself free from all obligations to it. This hideous schizophrenia not only divested what was called worldly, from the gifts of spiritual beatitude, but also gave birth to the modern faithlessness and agnosticism of Europe which is now threatening to inundate the entire world, if only, because of its political and cultural supremacy. The present wave of crass materialism, loss of faith and moral debasement is but a direct consequence of the division between the spirit and matter invented by the old pagan civilizations.
Q. “Some people insist that a Muslim, while selecting a woman for marriage should not pay any attention to her physical or facial appearance. He should only see whether she is a religious woman or not.In this respect a Hadith is often referred to, wherein the Holy Prophet ( Sallaho Alaihai Wasallam) is reported to have said, “A woman is married either for her beauty or for her wealth or for her religious behavior. So you must try to choose the woman committed to her religion.” They argue that the considerations of beauty and wealth have been condemned in this Hadith, while the consideration of religion has been confirmed and stressed upon. Please explain whether this Hadith is authentic and whether the above mentioned point of view is correct according to this Hadith.
Hazrat Ibn Abbaas R.A. reports that discussing the black stone Rasulullah Sal’am said: “Verily Allah shall raise it up on the day of Qiyaamat: “it shall have two eyes with, which it sees and a tongue with which it shall speak, bearing witness in favor of everyone who did kiss it with truth and faith.”
In the real and true state of Hajj there is as a matter of fact a specimen or pattern of two scenes, and in each and every act of Hajj there are two implied realities. Although in every one of Allah’s commands there are manifold benefits and much wisdom, of which the significance and deeper meanings are mostly of such depth that our minds cannot even conceive them. But much significance on the other hand is such that every mind’s can comprehend. Similarly, Hajj is such that mostly the significance and wisdom that lies in its each and every act is not easily understood. While many other significance and the Wisdom in them can easily be grasped.
Firstly, Hajj depicts death i.e. our departure from this world and the circumstances after death. Secondly, it gives a most vivid practical description of true love; devotion and adoration.
Hadrat Aishah (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anha) narrated: When the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) was lying critically ill, Abdur Rahman son of Abu Bakr (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) came to see him. He had fresh miswak. The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) stared at him and I made out that he wanted it. So I took it out of Abdur Rehman’s hand, chewed it and after cleaning gave it to the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam). He used the miswâk (as was his wont) and then advanced it towards me. It fell down from his hand.” The tradition continues. Then he raised his eyes towards heavenwards and prayed, “O Allaah! With the Companion on High.”(i.e. in the company of pure souls and angels). Some extra righteous persons regard keeping away from family life as essential for attainment of nearness to ALLAH. This tradition refutes this view. There can be no better occasion of being near to ALLAH (than breathing one’s last) but even at this critical moment, he had so much consideration for his wife that he was sitting with the support of her breast. In fact such persons did not quite follow the conception of nearness to ALLAH. It is constant remembrance and complete submission to the will of ALLAH and if a wife is helpful in such devotion then this relationship is conducive to nearness to ALLAH. [Adopted from Kasratul Azwaj-li-Sahib-il-Miraj]
The Holy Quran has repeatedly ordered the Muslims to establish Salah (the prayer) and to be steadfast in it. In the following verse, after repeating the same order, the Holy Quran gives a special concession to the Muslims that in the state of war, when they fear an attack from their enemy, they can perform the prayer in whatever way they can, either riding on horses or camels or walking on their feet. But after the danger of the enemy is over, they are ordered to perform the prayer in its normal way.
This principle has been laid down in the following words:
The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) considered himself a traveler in this world having no concern with comforts and luxuries. He was thus a living example of:
“Live in this world like a stranger or a Passerby.” [Nashrut-Tib]
Sometimes, however, “Ijtehad” is not taken as a freedom of opinion to prevail over the Quran and tradition, but whenever the process of “Ijtehad” is discussed an impression is given that the Quran and traditions have been revealed to us for the first time and no work has been done in the field of interpretation and explanation for all these fourteen hundred years and that the meanings deduced by us through personal reasoning shall be “Ijtehad”
that must be implemented.