Degrading of the Ulema
There is something quite significant in the last two thoughts expressed here. It is one thing to perform a bad deed and completely and infinitely a worse thing to consider that bad deed to be a good thing. In the light of Shariat it is not as bad a thing to perform an evil deed as it is to consider that evil deed to be good.
Degrading of the Ulema
“Selfish personal motives play a part in people‟s actions and intentions and it seems as if everyone are following their own desires.”
Sincerity in actions and Deeds
It is not inconceivable that some people are as you point out. If not all, then there are surely some who do things in obedience to their desires.
But of course this is also the result of discarding the teachings of Islam. If we should accept and act according to our Islamic teachings then not one of those evil consequences will appear. There is no doubt whatsoever that whoever performs any religious duty to satisfy his desires and ego does great harm to himself. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said:
In view of the above, it is advisable that everyone entering the Masjid to join the congregational prayer should, on entering the Masjid, make the Niyyat for ‘I’tikaaf’, in thatcase it means that aslong as he remain busy with Salaat, Zikr, listening to lectures or sermons he also receive reward for the I’tikaaf. I always observed that my late father used to make ‘Niyyat’ for I’tikaaf whenever he entered the Masjid. Occasionally, by way of teaching and reminding his followers, he would raise his voice when reciting when reciting the words for ‘Niyyah’. The reward for I’tikaaf is great as indicated by the fact that the Holy Prophet (SAW) always used to perform I’tikaaf. The example of him who resides in the Masjid in I’tikaaf is that of a person who, having gone to a certain place to appeal for something, remains there until it is granted. When someone comes begging at our door and then refuses to leave until he has been granted his request. I am sure that even the person with the hardest heart amongst us will eventually give in to his request. How much more Merciful is Allah, and when someone persistently sits at His door, what doubt can there be in the fulfilment of his wishes. Allama ibn Qayyim, in explaining the significance of I’tikaaf writes that the actual aim is to divert the heart away from everything except Allah, and to make it come near to Allah, thereby forming a complete spiritual connection with the Creator. All wordly connections are thus cut off, for the sake of gaining Allah’s attention and all thoughts, desires, love and devotion become centred around Him. As a result, an attachment with Allah is attained – a love and friendship that will be the only support in loneliness of the grave. One can possibly imagine the great ecstacy with which that time in the grave will be spent.
Assalaamu Alaykum. Your kind letter reached me.
It gave me great pleasure to note with what sincerity and deep feeling you express your thoughts. The type of questions which you posed, are quite frequently put to me.
Generally, I reply in a concise manner. This could possibly be as a result of incompetence but on the other hand it could also be because I am extremely busy.
(1). The reality of Isaal-e-Thawaab is that whatever good deed you do, and it is accepted by Allaah Ta`ala, then you make an intention or a dua that Allaah Ta`ala bestow the reward thereof to some living or dead person. After understanding this definition of Isaal-e-Thawaab, you should know the following three Mas`alahs:
1. The deed which you carry out must be such that you have hope that it can earn you reward. Otherwise, if you cannot get any reward for it then how can you convey the reward to another person? Hence, that action which is contrary to the Shariah or Sunnah, will be deprived of any reward. To expect to convey reward with such an action is having high hopes.
It is mentioned in the book Raudatus Safâ that Pharaoh’s daughter had a maid who was under her command and who used to comb her hair, etc. She had believed in Mûsâ ‘alayhis salâm. However, she did not expose her îmân out of fear for Pharaoh. Once while she was combing her (Pharaoh’s daughter’s) hair, the comb fell from her hand. When she bent down to pick it up, she recited Bismillah. The daughter asked her: “What was it that you recited just now? Whose name is that?” She replied: “It is the name of the one who created your father and also gave him a kingdom.” She became astonished and remarked: “Is there anyone greater than my father!” Saying this, she ran out to her father and related the entire incident to her. Pharaoh became extremely angry, called for the maid, and threatened her. However, she unhesitatingly said: “Do whatever you wish, I will not leave my îmân.” Nails were fastened to her hands and feet and thereafter hot ash and embers were placed on her. When this had no effect on her, a child who was in her lap was taken and thrown into the fire. While the child was in the fire, it said: “Mother! Be patient and don’t ever leave your îmân.” She remained steadfast on her îmân until she was also thrown into that fire. In Sûrah al-Burûj, mention is made of a trench. In that story a similar incident took place between a mother and her child.
(9). Now I will outline a few principles, which will assist in easily differentiating between Sunnat and Bid`ah. The mother of all principles is the one I have mentioned above, that to understand anything to be part of the Deen which was not practiced by the Salf-e-Saaliheen, is a Bid`ah. Now, we will list some corollary principles:
Hadrat Abu Hurayrah ( radiallahu anhu ) narrates that Rasulullah ( sallallahu alayhi wa sallam ) said: ” ALLAH Ta’ala does not look at your bodies and your appearances. Instead, he looks at your hearts. ” This means that ALLAH Ta’ala does not accept actions that merely appear to be good externally while they are devoid of sincerity and attention from the heart. For example, a person may be occupied in a certain act of ibaadah.
Apparently, he may be engaged in an act of ibaadah while in his heart he is oblivious to what he is doing. The heart cannot even discern whether he is standing in front of ALLAH Ta’ala or busy doing something else.
Story No. 9: (Episode)
Hazrat Maalik bin Dinaar R.A. says: “I once saw a young man of very saintly countenance. Tears were continuously flowing from his eyes. I immediately recognized him as one whom I had seen in Basra some time before. Then he was in a wealthy position. Now he seemed destitute and starving. On seeing him tears came to my eyes to think how he was before, and how he was now. He recognized me and we greeted each other. He said to me: “O Maalik; pray for me. Remember me in your most earnest prayers. Perhaps Allah will have mercy on me in my present condition and forgive my sins.”
Then he recited the following verses:
When the Beloved turns to thee then remembers me to Him;
And tell Him that never this heart is free of His remembrance.
Perchance on hearing the mention of my name.
He shall inquire about me.
Hazrat Maalik R.A. continues: “Having recited these lines he went away. The time of Haj arrived and while sitting in the Holy Haram once I saw a crowd of people around a man, crying uncontrollably. As a result of his hysterical crying people found difficulty in performing tawaaf. I went in that direction and behold it was the same young man. This made me very happy and I said: “Praise be to Allah who has granted you your wish.” Thereupon he again recited some lines:
People fearlessly proceeded to Mina and there, their heart felt desires received,
They begged to Allah their deepest wish,
And true to promise He granted them,
And through their sincere repentance did He grant protection against all inequity.
The Saqi gave them to drink and when they asked: “who is the Saqi?” he said: “I am Allah, call you on Me, I am your Lord, Mine alone is Glory.
Exaltedness the Kingdom and praise.”
Hazrat Maalik R.A continues: “Tell me what happened to you?” He said: “I have been most fortunate for Allah had called me here and here I am present. Whatever I begged of Him, I received.”
Then he recited a few lines thus:
When my Beloved called me I called out “Blessed am I?”
How great the ecstasy of Thy love.
By Thy truth do I swear, Thou art the goal, the object.
That I seek; For the sake of fulfilling Thy desires do they blame me.
Yet let them blame.
For me there is no longing save to be with Thee.
And when here in the city I be, I do not remember anyone save Thee.
Hazrat Maalik R.A says: “After this he commenced the tawaaf and thereafter I never saw him again, neither do I know what happened to him. (Rowdh)