The best of places for I’tikaaf is the Masjidul Haram in Makkah.
The next best is the Masjidun-Nabawiy in Madinah, and the next best is Baytul Muqaddas. Thereafter, comes the Jaama Masjid in one’s own time, and last but not least, the Masjid nearest to one’s home. Imaam Abu Hanifa stipulates that the Masjid should be one wherein the five daily Salaatare regularly performed, while Imaam Abu Yusuf and Imaam Muhammad agree that any Masjid acceptable to the Shari’ah can be entered for I’tikaaf. I’itikaaf even if there is no regular ‘salaah with Jamaa-ah. Read more... (309 words, estimated 1:14 mins reading time)
1. Jama’at is a prerequisite for the salaats of jumu’ah and the two eids. In
other words, these salaats are not valid when offered alone. Read more... (647 words, estimated 2:35 mins reading time)
1. To be a male – jama’at is not wajib on women.
2. To be mature – jama’at is not wajib on children who have not reached the age
3. To be a free person – jama’at is not wajib on a slave.
4. One must be in one’s senses – jama’at is not wajib on a person who is
intoxicated, unconscious, or a lunatic.
5. To be free from all excuses – in the presence of these excuses, jama’at is
not wajib. However, it will be better if he offers his salaat with jama’at
despite having an excuse. If he does not offer with jama’at, he will be deprived
of the reward. The excuses for leaving out jama’at are fourteen: Read more... (634 words, estimated 2:32 mins reading time)
Sayings of The Mujtahid lmams
(5) Some people say that the mujtahid imams have themselves said that their sayings should not be followed until the evidence is known. “If our opinion is against Hadith, throw it off and follow the Hadith.”
However, honestly, these words are directed to those who are capable of making an independent judgment, not those who cannot make ijtihad. Shah Waliullah said about such sayings:
Read more... (774 words, estimated 3:06 mins reading time)
Taqleed For The Mujtahid in His Mazhab
He is a mujtahid who abides by the method of deduction of the absolute mujtahid, and is also qualified to deduce specified issues under that method directly from the Qur’an and sunnah and aathar. Thus, many such mujtahids do differ from their absolute mujtahid on many branch commands or their details, but continue to be their muqallid. Examples are: Abu Yusuf, and Imam Muhammad in the Hanafi school, Imam Muzani and Abu Thawr, among the Shafi’ees, Suhnun and Ibn al-Qasim among the Maalikis, and Ibrahim al-Harabi and Abu Bakr al-Athram among the Hanbalis. Read more... (200 words, estimated 48 secs reading time)