Fiqh, Kitaab us Salaat / Thursday, September 11th, 2008

  1. To stand during the tahrimah without leaning on anything and without bowing the head
  2. To raise the hands to the ears (for men) before starting to say “Allahu Akbar”
  3. The palms of the hands and the fingers will be facing the qiblah when the hands are being raised
  4. To leave the fingers in a relaxed manner not closed to tight and not left wide apart
  5. To place the right hand over the left hand under the navel.
  6. To place the palm of the right hand over the back of the left hand and take the thumb and small finger and wrap them around the wrist to form a ring
  7. To recite Thana
  8. To recite Ta’awuz before Qiraat
  9. To recite bismillah in every rakat before surah fatihah
  10. To recite Ameen in a soft voice at the completing of surah fatihah
  11. To stand with the feet about four fingers apart from each other
  12. To recite from the following after sura fatihah:
    1. Tiwale Mufassil (long surahs) in the Fajr and Zuhr namaazs. These are the surahs starting with Al-Hujuraat up to surah Al-Burooj
    2. Aswaate Mufassil (medium length surahs) in the Asr and Isha namaazs. These are the surahs starting with surah Al-Burooj up to Al-Bayinah
    3. Qisaare Mufassil (short surahs) in the Maghrib namaaz. These are the surahs starting with Al-Bayinah until the end of the Holy Quran
  13. To make the first rakaat longer than the second rakaat in fajr only.
  14. The say takbir when going into ruku
  15. To grasp the knees while in ruku and spread your fingers
  16. To keep the back flat while in ruku
  17. To say three times while in ruku: Subhana rabi yal azim
  18. To keep your arms away from your sides while in ruku
  19. For the imam to say: sami allahu liman hamida when coming up from ruku and for the muqtadi to say: rabbanaa wa lakalhamd in a low voice and the one who is praying alone says both phrases.
  20. To recite allahu akbar when going into sujood

  1. To place your knees first then your hands and then your face when doing sajdah.
  2. To lift your head then your hands then your knees when rising from sajdah.
  3. To place your face between your hands while in sajdah.
  4. To keep your stomach away from your thighs and to keep your elbows away from your ribs and your forearms away from the ground
  5. To keep the fingers closed while in sajdah
  6. To keep the toes facing the qiblah while in sajdah
  7. To say at least three times: subhana rabbilalaala
  8. To say the takbeer when rising from sajdah
  9. To rise from sajdah without taking support from the ground or leaning on anything or pausing to sit while on the way up.
  10. To place the two hands on the thighs when sitting in-between the two sajdahs.
  11. To spread the left leg and to raise the right leg making the toes point towards the qiblah
  12. To raise the right index finger during the tashahud, raising when saying la ilaha and lowering when saying illa Allah
  13. To recite surah fatihah in the last two rakaats of zuhr, asr and isha and the third rakat of maghrib
  14. To send durood on the prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) in the final sitting
  15. To make dua using the words found in hadith and in quran not the words of people
  16. To turn the face first to the right then to the left when making salaam
  17. To say the takbeers for moving in salaat softly if you are not the imam and the imam should say them loudly
  18. The imaam says as salaamu alaikum wa rahmatullah loudly and the ones praying behind say it softly
  19. For the imam to make intention of his salaams for the men and angels and pious jinn the followers make intention for the imam and those on each side of him as well as the angels and pious jinn the one praying alone only makes intention for the angels
  20. For the second salaam to be lower than the first
  21. To begin salaam on the right
  22. For the salaam of the follower and the imam to be at the same time

For the late comer (masbooq) to wait for both salaams to be completed then stand and complete his salaat

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