SALAAT WITH JAMA’AT (CONGREGATION)


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 2-Salat and its virtues / Sunday, August 31st, 2008

1. Offering salaat with jama’at is wajib according to some ulama, and
sunnat-e-mu’akkadah according to others. This will be discussed in more detail,
Insha Allah.

2. To offer salaat with jama’at means that at least two people must get together
and offer their salaat in such a way that one person leads the salaat and the
other person follows him. The person who leads the salaat is called the imam,
and the person who follows him is called the muqtadi.

3. If even one person joins the imam, jama’at becomes valid. This is
irrespective of whether the person is a man, woman, slave, free person, mature
person or a child who has reached the age of understanding. However, for the
jumu’ah and eid salaats, there has to be at least three persons apart from the
imam.

4. In order for the jama’at to be valid, it is not necessary for the salaat to
be a fard salaat. Even if it is a nafl salaat and two people get together and
offer it with jama’at, it will be valid. This is irrespective of whether both
the imam and the muqtadi are offering nafl salaat, or only the muqtadi is
offering nafl salaat and the imam is offering fard salaat. However, it is makruh
to make a habit of offering nafl salaat with jama’at or for more than three
people to offer nafl salaat with jama’at.

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