Sadaqatul Fitr


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 3-Fasting, Zakaat, Qurbani, Hajj etc. / Sunday, August 31st, 2008
  1. Sadaqatul fitr is
    wajib on the following persons: (1) the person upon whom zakât is
    wajib, (2) the person upon whom zakât is not wajib but who has
    wealth equal to the nisâb of zakât over and above his basic needs. This
    is irrespective of whether the wealth is for the purposes of trade or not and
    irrespective of whether he had it in his possession for a full year or not. This
    sadaqah has to be given on or before the day of eid
    ul-fitr
    .

  2. A person has a
    massive house, very expensive clothing which does not have any gold or silver
    lace on it, he has a few servants, he has lots of furniture and other items but
    does not have any jewellery, and all these items are in use. Sadaqatul fitr is
    not wajib on such a person. Alternatively, he has certain items which are
    over and above his basic needs, some of his clothing has gold or silver lace on
    it, and he also has some jewellery. However, all these items do not reach the
    nisâb of zakât. Sadaqatul fitr is also not wajib on such a
    person.

  3. A
    person
    owns two houses. He lives in one, and the other is either empty or
    given out on rent. This house is over and above his basic need. Therefore, if
    its value is equal to the nisâb of zakât, sadaqatul fitr will be
    wajib on him. It is also not permissible to give zakât to such a person.
    However, if this person is dependent on this second house, it will be considered
    to be a basic necessity and sadaqatul fitr will not be wajib on him. It
    will be permissible for him to accept zakât and to give zakât to him as well. In
    short, sadaqatul fitr is not wajib on a person who is permitted to
    receive zakât and other wajib forms of sadaqah. As for the one who
    is not permitted to receive such charities, sadaqatul fitr will be wajib
    on him.

  4. A person has some
    wealth that is over and above his basic needs. However, he is also in debt. In
    such a case, his debts should be deducted from his wealth. If the balance of his
    wealth equals the nisâb of zakât, sadaqatul fitr will be wajib on
    him. But if it falls short of the nisâb, sadaqatul fitr will not be
    wajib.

  5. Sadaqatul fitr
    becomes wajib at the time of fajr on the day of eid
    ul-fitr
    . If a person passes away before the entry of fajr time,
    sadaqatul fitr will not be wajib on him nor will it be given from his
    wealth.

  6. It is best to give
    the sadaqatul fitr before going to the eid -gah. If it is not given
    before, there will be no harm in giving it after the eid
    salât.

  7. If a person gives
    his sadaqatul fitr before the day of eid, i.e. in Ramadân, it will
    be fulfilled. It is not necessary to give it a second time.

  8. If a person does not
    give his sadaqatul fitr on or before the day of eid, he will not be
    absolved from this duty. He will have to fulfil it at some time or the
    other.

  9. Sadaqatul fitr is
    wajib only on oneself and not on behalf of someone else: neither on one’s
    children, one’s parents, one’s husband nor anyone else.

  10. If a small child
    receives some wealth through inheritance or some other way, and this wealth
    equals the nisâb, sadaqatul fitr should be given from this wealth of his.
    But if the child is born on the day of eid after the time of fajr
    sets in (dawn), sadaqatul fitr will not be wajib on
    him.

  11. Sadaqatul fitr is
    wajib on those who fast in Ramadân and also on those who missed
    out some fasts due to some reason or the other. There is no difference in ruling
    between the two.

  12. If a person wishes
    to give wheat, wheat flour or parched, grounded wheat as sadaqatul fitr, he
    should give approximately one and half to two kilos. It would be preferable to
    give a little more than this amount. But if he wishes to give barley or barley
    flour, he should give double this amount, i.e. between 3 to 4
    kilos.

  13. If a person wishes
    to give any other dry grocery such as gram or rice, he should give an amount
    that equals the value of the amount of wheat or barley that has been mentioned
    above.

  14. It is best to give
    the value of the wheat or barley in cash instead of the actual wheat or
    barley.

  15. The sadaqatul fitr
    of one person could be given to one poor person or distributed among several
    poor persons.

  16. It is also
    permissible to give the sadaqatul fitr of several persons to one single poor
    person.

  17. Those who are
    entitled to receive zakât are also entitled to receive sadaqatul
    fitr.

  18. If the marriage of
    an immature girl is performed and she is sent to her husband’s house,
    sadaqatul fitr will be wajib on her if she is rich. But if she is
    poor, we will have to see if she is old enough to serve her husband and at the
    same time old enough to be in his company. If she is old enough for both these
    things, sadaqatul fitr will not be wajib on her, her husband nor
    her father. But if she is not capable to do both these things, sadaqatul
    fitr
    will be wajib on her father. If she is not sent to her husband’s
    house as yet, sadaqatul fitr will be wajib on her father
    irrespective of whether she is old enough to do both the above or
    not.

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