Rules Related to the Times of Salaat


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 2-Salat and its virtues / Sunday, August 31st, 2008

Rules Related to the Times of Salaat

1. In summer, one should not hasten towards reading zuhr salaat. It is mustahab
to offer zuhr salaat after the intense heat rays elapse. In winter, it is
preferable to offer zuhr salaat at the beginning of zuhr time.

2. Asr salaat should be delayed till such a time that if after the entry of asr
time one wishes to offer any nafl salaat, he can do so, because it is not
permissible to offer any nafl salaat after having offered asr salaat
irrespective of whether it is in summer or in winter. However, one should not
delay to such an extent that the sun turns yellow and its rays change in colour.
It is mustahab to hasten towards offering maghrib salaat and to offer it
immediately after sunset.

3. The person who is in the habit of waking up for tahajjud salaat in the latter
part of the night and has full confidence of definitely waking up; then it is
better for him to offer his witr salaat after having offered his tahajjud salaat.
But if he is not confident of waking up and fears that he will remain asleep;
then he should offer his witr salaat after his esha salaat before going to
sleep.

4. It is preferable to delay the fajr, zuhr and maghrib salaats on a cloudy day,
while it is mustahab to offer asr salaat a bit early.

5. No salaat is valid at the times of sunrise, mid-day and sunset. However, if
asr salaat has not been offered as yet, then it could be offered even at the
time of sunset. In these three times, even sajdah-e-tilaawat is makruh and not
permissible.

6. It is makruh to offer any nafl salaat after offering fajr salaat until
sunrise. However, the offering of any qada salaat and sajdah-e-tilaawat before
the sun rises is permissible. But once the sun rises, then as long as some light
does not appear, even qada salaat will not be permissible. Similarly, it is not
permissible to offer any nafl salaat after the asr salaat. However, qada salaat
and sajdah-e-tilaawat is permissible. But once the rays of the sun become weak
or faint, then even this is not permissible.

7. At fajr time, a person only offered his fard salaat out of fear that the sun
will rise very soon. So as long as the sun does not rise considerably and does
not get quite bright, the sunnah salaat should not be offered. Once some light
appears, sunnah salaat and any other salaat may be offered.

8. Once dawn breaks and fajr time enters, then apart from the two rakaats sunnah
and two rakaats fard of fajr salaat, it is makruh to offer any other nafl
salaat. However, it is permissible to offer any qada salaat and to make
sajdah-e-tilaawat.

9. If the sun rises while one is offering one’s fajr salaat then this salaat
will not be valid. When the sun becomes a bit bright, one should make qada. But
if the sun sets while one is offering asr salaat, then this salaat will be valid
and there will be no need to make qada of it.

10. It is makruh to sleep before offering esha salaat. One should offer ones
salaat and then sleep. However, if due to some sickness or travelling, one is
very tired and tells someone to wake him up at the time of salaat and that
person promises to wake him up; then in this case it will be permissible to
sleep.

11. It is mustahab for men to offer fajr salaat at a time when the light spreads
considerably and there is so much of time left that in the salaat itself about
forty to fifty verses could be read properly; and after offering the salaat, if
for some reason one has to repeat the salaat, then in the same way he could read
forty to fifty verses again. It is mustahab for women to offer fajr salaat
throughout the year when it is dark. And it is mustahab for men and women who
are performing hajj to offer fajr salaat when it is dark when they are in
Muzdalifah.

12. The time for jumu’ah salaat is the same as the time for zuhr salaat. The
only difference is that it is mustahab to delay zuhr salaat in summer
irrespective of whether it is hot or not. And it is mustahab to offer zuhr
salaat early in winter, while it is sunnah to offer jumu’ah salaat early
throughout the year. This is the opinion of all the ulama.

13. The time for the eid salaats commences when the sun rises considerably and
remains until just before mid-day. The sun rising considerably means that the
yellowness of the sun disappears and its light is so bright that one cannot look
at it. In establishing this, the jurists have said that it must rise to the
extent of one spear. It is mustahab to offer the eid salaats early. However, the
salaat of Eid ul-Fitr should be delayed slightly after the time commences.

14. When the imam gets up from his place to perform the khutbah of jumu’ah, the
eid salaats or for hajj, etc. then it is makruh to offer any salaat in these
times. It is also makruh to offer any salaat at the time of the khutbah of nikah
or at the time of the completion of the Quran.

15. It is also makruh to offer any salaat when the iqaamah for a fard salaat is
being called out. However, if one has not offered the sunnah of fajr salaat and
one is sure or convinced that one will get one rakaat with the congregation,
then it will not be makruh to offer the sunnah of fajr salaat. And the one who
has already commenced with any sunnah-e-mu’akkadah, should complete it first.

16. It is makruh to offer any nafl salaat prior to the salaats of eid
irrespective of whether one offers it at home or at the eid-gah. As for offering
it after the eid salaats, it will only be makruh to offer it at the eid-gah.

2 Replies to “Rules Related to the Times of Salaat”

  1. Due to some reason, I got late in offering asr prayer…. Bu when I started offering Asr prayer, and after finishing my second Rakah, I heard Magrib Azan, but i completed all the four rakahs of Asr… Is my salah valid??

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