1. The parts of the body washed in ablution should be rubbed before washing.
2. There should be continuity in all actions.
3. There should be an interval between washing one part and the other.
4. The prescribed order of washing should be followed. During the course of ablution the following supplication should be recited.
Having performed ablution, one should recite the following supplication:
I testify that there is no God but ALLAH alone who has no partner, and I testify that Mohammad is His servant and Messenger.
Thereafter the following should be recited: ‘O Allaah put me among the penitent and put me among those who are purified.