Performing Qada Prayers

Contemporary Fatawa, Fiqh / Thursday, April 15th, 2010

Q. “A person is regular in his daily five time prayers, but for some reason one of his prayers becomes qada’, and the time for next prayer arrives. what should be the sequence of the performance of his prayers, under such a situation?”

A. The person who has never missed six prayers, or the number of his qada prayers is less than six is termed as ” sahib-ut- tartib”. Whenever a prayer is missed by such a person, he has to observe full sequence between the prayers. He is bound to perform the qada’ Prayer before the qada’ prayers of the time. For example, if he has missed the Zuhr prayer, then at
the time of ‘Asr, he must perform the qada’ of Zuhr, his ‘Asrprayer will be void, and he will have to pray again.

Observance of sequence is necessary between the different qada Prayers also. All the qada prayers should be perform in the same order in which they were missed. So, if a person has missed both the fajr and the Zuhr prayers, then, at the time of ‘Asr he must perform the qada of fajr first of all, then he should perform the qada of Zuhr, and then he should pray the ‘Asr. If the disturbed this sequence, he will have to pray again observing the due sequence.

The observance of sequence is obligatory on every sahib-ut-tartib in normal conditions. However, if he, while performing ‘Asr prayers, forgot that his Zuhr prayer had been missed, and he prayed ‘Asr under this impression, his ‘Asr prayer is acceptable and he need not pray it gain.

Similarly if the time of ‘Asr remains so short that, in case he prays qada’first, the ‘Asr time will be over, then also he can pray ‘Asr first.

All these rules relate to a person who is sahib-ut-tartib. But if a person is not sahib-ut-tartib i.e. the number of qada prayers due on him is six or more, the observance of sequence is not obligatory on him and he can pray in whatever order he
likes according to his convenience.

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