4. Apart from the above acts, all the others are either
sunnah or mustahab.
5. A person does not recite Surah Faatihah but reads
some other verse or some other Surah, or he only recites Surah
Faatihah and does not read any other verse or Surah, or he does not
sit down after the second rakaat but stands up for the third rakaat
without sitting down and without reading at-tahiyyaat, or he sat down but
did not read at-tahiyyaat – in all these cases, although he will be
absolved of his fard duty, his salaat will be worthless. It is wajib
on him to repeat his salaat. If he does not repeat his salaat, he will be
committing a great sin. However, if he does all these things unintentionally,
then by making sajdah-e-sahw, his salaat will become valid.
6. At the time of making salaam, the person did not
make salaam. Instead he started to speak, or conversed with someone, or
got up and went away somewhere, or did something else with which salaat breaks;
then the same rule applies over here. That is, although he will be absolved of
his fard duty, he will still have to repeat his salaat. If he does not do
so, he will be sinful.
7. If a person recited a Surah before Surah
Faatihah, even then he will have to repeat his salaat. If he did this
unintentionally, he should make sajdah-e-sahw.
8. After Surah Faatihah, at least three verses should
be recited. If only one or two verses are recited and they are such that they
equal three verses in length, salaat will still be valid.
9. After standing up from ruku, a person did not
or in ruku he did not recite:
or in sajdah he did not recite:
or in the last sitting position he did not recite durood
after at-tahiyyaat. Then in all the above cases his salaat will be valid,
but it will be contrary to the sunnah. Similarly, if after the durood,
he did not read any dua, but made salaam immediately after
reciting the durood, then too his salaat will be valid but contrary to
10. It is sunnah to raise the hands at the time of
commencing the salaat. If one does not raise his hands, it will still be proper
but contrary to the sunnah.
11. In every rakaat, Bismillah should be read before
Surah Faatihah. When the next Surah is read, Bismillah
should be read again. This is the preferable method.
12. When making sajdah, if one does not place the
forehead and nose on the ground, but places the forehead only, even then the
salaat will be valid. But if one does not place the forehead, and places the
nose only, the salaat will not be valid. However, if a person has a valid
excuse, it will be permissible to place his nose only.
13. If a person did not stand upright in ruku, but
merely lifted his head slightly and went straight into sajdah, he will
have to repeat his salaat.
14. A person did not sit properly in-between the two
sajdahs, he merely lifted his head slightly and went down for the second
sajdah. If he does this, he has in fact made only one sajdah and did
not complete the two sajdahs. His salaat is not valid. But if he lifted
his head in such a way that he was near the sitting position, he will be
absolved of his duty but it will be worthless. He should therefore repeat his
salaat. If he does not do so, he will be sinful.
15. If a person makes sajdah on something made out of
straw or cotton wool, he should press his head down firmly and make sajdah.
He should press it down in such a way that he cannot press any further. If he
does not press it down firmly but merely places his head lightly, his sajdah
will not be considered.
16. If a person adds another Surah after Surah
Faatihah in the latter two rakaats of a four rakaat fard salaat,
then no harm will come to the salaat. His salaat will be perfectly correct.
17. If a person does not read Surah Faatihah in the
latter two rakaats but merely reads Sub’haanallah three times,
even then his salaat will be proper. However, it is preferable to recite
Surah Faatihah. And if he reads nothing at all and merely remains silent,
even then there is no harm and the salaat will be proper.
18. It is wajib to read a Surah after Surah
Faatihah in the first two rakaats. If a person only recites Surah
Faatihah in the first two rakaats or does not even read Surah
Faatihah but merely reads Sub’haanallah; then in the latter two
rakaats he should read a Surah after Surah Faatihah. If he did
this intentionally he will have to repeat his salaat. And if he did this
unintentionally, he will have to make sajdah-e-sahw.
19. In her salaat, a woman must recite Surah Faatihah,
another Surah, and all the other duas softly and silently. But she should
recite them in such a way that her voice reaches her own ears. If she cannot
hear her own voice, her salaat will not be valid.
20. One should not set aside or specify a particular Surah
for a particular salaat. Instead, one should read whatever one wishes. To set
aside a particular surah is makruh.
21. In the second rakaat, one should not recite a
Surah that is longer than the one that one recited in the first rakaat.
22. Women should offer their salaat individually and not in
congregation. They should not go to the musjid to offer their salaat in
congregation with the men. If a woman offers her salaat in congregation with her
husband or any other mahram, she should find out the relevant rules in
this regard. This occurs very seldom. We have therefore not gone into details in
this regard. However, it should be noted that if such an occasion arises, the
woman should not stand in line with the man. She should stand behind him. If
not, her salaat and even his salaat will not be valid.
23. If one’s wudu breaks while offering salaat, one
should make wudu and repeat the salaat.
24. It is mustahab to fix the eyes on the spot of
sajdah when one is standing. In ruku the eyes should be fixed on the
feet, in sajdah on the nose, and when making salaam on the
shoulders. If one yawns, one should close one’s mouth tightly. If it does not
stop in any other way, it should be stopped with the back of the hand. If one
feels an irritation in the throat, then as far as possible, one should try to
stop the cough or subdue it.