Akhlaq & Spirituality, Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 6-Etiquette and Manners, Reformation of the Heart, Deeds and their Retribution / Monday, December 27th, 2010

Rasulullah ( sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: ” There are over 70 things which are connected with imaan, the highest of which is the Kalimah ” la ilaha illallahu muhammadur Rasulullah” and the lowest is the removal of a harmful object from the road. Modesty and hayaa is also a major part of imaan.” We will therefore mention these qualities.


1. Belief in ALLAH
2. To believe that everything other than ALLAH was non-existent. Thereafter, ALLAH Ta’ala created these things and subsequently they came into existence.
3. To believe in the existence of angels.
4. To believe that all the heavenly books that were sent to the different prophets are true. However, apart from the Quran, all other books are not valid anymore.
5. To believe that all the prophets are true. However, we are commanded to follow Muhammad ( sallallahu alayhi wasallam ) alone.
6. To believe that ALLAH Ta’ala has knowledge of everything from before-hand and that only that which He sanctions or wishes will occur.
7. To believe that Qiyaamah will definitely occur.
8. To believe in the existence of jannah.
9. To believe in the existence of jahannam.
10. To have love for ALLAH Ta’ala.
11. To have love for Rasulullah ( sallallahu alayhi wasallam )
12. To love or hate someone solely because of ALLAH.
13. To execute all actions with the intention of deen alone.
14. To regret and express remorse when a sin is committed.
15. To fear ALLAH Ta’ala.
16. To hope for the mercy of ALLAH Ta’ala.
17. To be modest.
18 . To express gratitude over a bounty or favour.
19. To fulfil promises.
20. To exercise patience.
21. To consider yourself lower than others
22. To have mercy on the creation.
23. To be pleased with whatever you experience from ALLAH Ta’ala.
24. To place your trust in ALLAH Ta’ala.
25. Not to boast or brag over any quality that you posses.
26. Not to have malice or hatred towards anybody.
27. Not to be envious of anyone.
28. Not to become angry.
29. Not to wish harm for anyone
30. Not to have love for the world.


31. To recite the Kalimah with the tongue
32. To recite the quran.
33. To acquire knowledge
34. To pass on Knowledge.
35. To make dua.
36. To make the zikr of ALLAH Ta’ala.
37. To abstain from the following : lies, gheebah, vulgar words, cursing, singing that is contrary to the shariah.


38. To make wudu, ghusl, and keep one’s clothing clean.
39. To be steadfast in offering salaat.
40. To pay zakaat and sadaqatul fitr.
41. To fast.
42. To perform the Hajj.
43. To make i’tikaaf.
44. To move away or migrate from that place which is harmful for one’s deen.
45. To fulfil the vows that have been made to ALLAH.
46. To fulfil the oaths that are not sinful.
47. To pay the kaffarah for unfulfilled oaths.
48. To cover those parts of the body that are fard to cover.
49. To make qurbaani.
50. To enshroud and bury the deceased.
51. To fulfil your debts.
52. To abstain from prohibited things when undertaking monetary transactions.
53. Not to conceal something true which you may have witnessed.
54. To get married when the nafs desires to do so.
55. To fulfil the rights of those who are under you.
56. To provide comfort to one’s parents.
57. To rear children in the proper manner.
58. Not to sever relations with one’s friends and relatives.
59. To obey one’s master.
60. To be just,
61. Not to initiate any way that is contrary to that of the generality of the muslims.
62. To obey the ruler, provided what he orders is not contrary to the shariah.
63. To make peace between two warring groups or individuals.
64. To assist in noble tasks.
65. To command the good and prohibit the evil.
66. If it is the government. it should mete out punishments according to the shariah.
67. To fight the enemies of deen whenever such an occasion presents itself.
68. To fulfil one’s trusts ( amaanah )
69. To give loans to those who are in need.
70. To see to the needs of one’s neighbour.
71. To ensure that one’s income is pure.
72. To spend according to the shariah.
73. To reply to one who has greeted you.
74. To say Yarhamukallah when anyone say alhamdolillah after sneezing.
75. Not to cause harm to anyone unjustly.
76. To abstain from games and amusements that are contrary to the shariah.
77. To remove pebbles, stones, thorns, sticks etc. from the road.


All the rewards and punishments for good and evil deeds that have been mentioned previously are influenced by two things. One of them is the person’s nafs. It presents various ideas and thoughts to the person. It tries to distract him from good deeds and tries to show him the need to do evil deeds. I f a person becomes afraid of the punishment of ALLAH, it informs him that ALLAH Ta’ala is all forgiving and merciful. To make matters worse, shaytaan also helps and prompts the nafs.


Set aside a short period of time in the morning and the evening or at the time of going to bed. During this time, sit in seclusion and as far as possible free your heart from all thoughts. Thereafter. address yourself and your nafs in the following manner: O nafs ! Understand well that you are similar to a merchant in this world. Your capital is your life and its profits is that it should attain salvation in the hereafter. If you have attained this wealth, your business will be considered to be profitable. If you have wasted this life and did not attain salvation in the hereafter, you will suffer a great loss in that you would have lost your capital and made no profit as well..

If you happen to meet and converse with one whom you do not know then bear in mind that you should not pay attention to those things which are considered to be rumours. If he speaks nonsense or uses foul language. make yourself absolutely deaf to whatever he says. Do not associate too much with him. Nor should you rely on him for anything.

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