Q. We understand that entrance to the Heaven will depend on the mercy of Allah, the Most-Merciful, and not on our deeds only. We all the time seek the mercy of the Merciful for here and for the Hereafter. Someone came to the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam)asking him what he was required to do to enter into the Heaven. The Holy Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam)narrated the minimum deeds he was required to do it order to enter into the Heaven. Would you be kind enough to give details of the minimum deeds. May Allah reward you for this noble work.
(M.S. Desin, Dammam)
A. There are a number of Hadiths in which the Holy Prophet ( Sallaho Alaihai Wasallam)has mentioned the requirements for entering the Paradise while answering different questions asked by different Sahabah. The deeds mentioned in such Ahadith have been varying from person to person and from occasion to occasion. The reason is obvious, because Islamic injunctions relate to every walk of life and different persons are required to do different acts according to their respective environments. However, keeping all such Ahadith in view, one can summarise the issue in the following manner :
1) The most fundamental requirements for entering the Paradise are: To have ‘Iman i.e., faith inn the oneness of Allah, the Prophethood of all the Messengers and in the Finality of the Prophethood of Muhammad (Sallallho Alaihi Wasallam) and in the injunctions brought by him, and in the Hereafter. Without having a firm faith in these one cannot expect to enter the Jannah.
2) An instant entry into the Heaven without being subjected to any kind of punishment further requires:
(a) Observance of all the obligations prescribed by the Holy Qur’an and the sunnah of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam)which include “Faraid” such as the five Prayers, Fasts of Ramadan, payment of Zakah for the person who own Nisab, and performance of Hajj for those who can afford it. The obligation also includes “Wajibat” like ‘Qurbani’ etc.
(b) Abstinence from all the major sins like adultery, fornication, drinking liquor, eating pork, telling lies accepting bribe and committing back-biting, usurping the property of others, etc. etc.
(c) If a Muslim does not fulfil the requirement s mentioned in (b) above or fails to fulfil anyone of them he may be subjected to the punishment of Hell and shall not be entitled to entry into Jannah in the beginning. However, after being subjected to the punishment prescribed for several mis-deeds comitted by him, he will be admitted to the Jannah by virtue of ‘Iman.
This is the gist of rules mentioned in the Holy Qur’an and in the Sunnah of Holy Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam). It will be sufficient, I hope, to satisfy your inquiry.