HUQÛQ – RIGHTS


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 4-Nikah (Marriage) in Islam / Wednesday, October 6th, 2010

The Rights of Parents
1. You should not cause them any harm even if they commit any excesses.
2. Respect and honour them in your speech and dealings with them.
3. Obey them in permissible acts.
4. If they are in need of money, assist them even if they are kâfirs.
5. The following rights are due to parents after their death:
(a) Continue making du‘âs of forgiveness and mercy for them. Continue sending rewards to them in the form of optional acts of worship and charity on their behalf.
(b) Meet their friends and relatives in a friendly way and also assist them wherever possible.
(c) If you have the finances, fulfil their unpaid debts and the permissible bequests that they have made.
(d) When they pass away, abstain from crying and wailing aloud or else their souls will be troubled.
6. According to the Sharî‘ah, the rights of the paternal and maternal grandparents are similar to those of the parents and they should be regarded as such.
7. Similarly, the rights of the maternal and paternal uncles and aunts are similar to those of the parents. This has been deduced from certain ‘Ahâdîth. (Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “The maternal aunt has the status of one’s mother.” – Tirmidhî)

The wet-nurse
Meet her with respect. If she is in need of money and you are able to help her, then help her.

The Step-mother
Since she is an associate of your father, and we have been commanded to be kind and friendly to our parents’ associates, the step-mother, therefore, also has certain rights over you as mentioned previously.

The elder brother
In the light of the Hadith, the elder brother is similar to one’s father. From this we can deduce that the younger brother is similar to one’s children. Based on this, they will have rights similar to those of parents and children. The elder sister and the younger sister should also be treated in the same manner.

Relatives
If any of your blood relatives is in need and is unable to earn, help him out with his expenses according to your financial position. Go and meet them occasionally. Do not cut-off relations with them. In fact, even if they cause you harm, it will be best for you to exercise patience.

The In-laws
In the Quran, Allah Ta’âlâ has mentioned the in-laws together with one’s lineage. We learn from this that the father-in-law, mother-in-law, wife’s brother, sister’s husband, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, the previous children of the wife, the previous children of the husband – all of these have certain rights. Therefore, you have to be more considerate to them as opposed to others.

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