Hazrat Ibn Abbaas R.A. reports that discussing the black stone Rasulullah Sal’am said: “Verily Allah shall raise it up on the day of Qiyaamat: “it shall have two eyes with, which it sees and a tongue with which it shall speak, bearing witness in favor of everyone who did kiss it with truth and faith.”
To kiss it with truth and faith means to do so with firm belief of receiving reward. Hazrat Jabir R.A. reports that Rasulullah Sal’am said: ‘The Ka’ba has a tongue and two lips. Once long ago the Ka’ba complained to Allah: ‘O, Lord the number of those visiting me have decreased indeed.’ Allah replied: “fear not, for I shall cause such a nation (the Muslims) who shall be very sincere and earnest in prayer, and shall be prostrators to Me; They shall bend down before you as a pigeon bends down to its eggs.”
Another Hadith puts it this way: ‘On the day of Qiyaamat the Hajr-al-Aswad and the Rukne Yamaani shall be raised up in such a manner, that they shall have eyes, tongues and lips. They shall bear witness in favor of whoever kissed it with faith and devotion.
According to another report, hazrart Umar R.A. once performed tawaaf; coming to the stone, he kissed it and said: ‘I know quite well that you are a mere stone. You cannot benefit nor can you harm me. Had I not seen Rasululah Sal’am doing it, I would never have kissed it’. At that time Hazrat Ali R.A., who was standing next to Hazrat Umar R.A. said: ‘O Prince of the Faithful, the stone does benefit and harm’. Hazrat Umar R.A. asked: ‘How is that?’ Hazrat Ali R.A. replied: ‘when before creation, Allah received from the souls of man the pledge and assurance that they would accept and serve Him as the Lord of everything. He wrote and placed the pledge inside this stone. One the day of Qiyaamat it shall bear witness as to who fulfilled his pledge and who acted contrary to it. (Ithaaf)
Perhaps that is the reason for our reading this duaa in the tawaaf when we come to the Hajar: ‘O Allah, I kiss this stone with full faith in You, while believing completely in Your Holy Book and while fulfilling my pledge to You.’
Hazrat Umar R.A. was a man who took careful note of the beliefs of the people. He never wanted any superstition or wrong beliefs to blemish true Imaan. We know how he had that tree chopped down under which Rasulullah Sal’am took the oath of allegiance at Hudeibiya. This oath was of such importance and had Allah’s pleasure much that Allah said in the Qur’aan: ‘Allah’s good pleasure was on the believers when they swore Fealty to you under the tree.’
When Hazrat Umar R.A. discovered that people used to gather under this tree in order to obtain blessings, he had it removed. (Durre Mansoor). He feared the people would start worshipping and revering this stone like the idolaters worshipped the idols, thereby eliminating a resemblance with the idol worshippers. And on this he drew their attention that this stone should not be glorified and he kissed it merely to obey the commandments or Rasulullah Sal’am. It is unlike the Mushriks who believe that the idols are able to bring you nearer to Allah. Similarly Hazrat Umar R.A. said about the Ka’ba: “This Ka’ba is merely a structure of some stones. Allah has made it our Qibla towards which to make our salaah whilst we live and towards which we must face when we are laid down when we dies.” (Kanz)
Another report says: ‘when Hazrat Umar R.A. used to kiss the Hajar-al-Aswad, he used to say: ‘I bear witness that you are a mere stone. You cannot benefit me, nor harm me. My Lord is He besides whom there is no God. If I did not see Rasulullah Sal’am kissing and touching you, I would not have kissed you nor touched you.” (Kanz)
According to another report, when Hazrat Umar R.A. used to kiss the Hajar-al-Aswad, he said: “In the name of Allah, Allah is most great, Praise to Him that He has lead us to this Deen. There is no god save Allah, the One, who has no partner. I believe in Allah and disbelieve in all idols, in Laat, Uzza and anything else besides Allah. Verily my patron and helper is He, Who revealed the book and He is the One protecting the righteous ones.”
In this prayer Hazrat Umar R.A. frees himself from any form of shirk. Another point to understand here is that performing Tawaaf and kissing the Black stone has nothing to do with idol worship. Firstly, because these things are done only because Allah commanded it. In Idol worship that is not the case. Secondly, when we perform Tawaaf it is not done for any one other than Allah: ‘it is for Allah alone. This is not the case with idols in which shirk is obvious. And hazrat Ali R.A. gives explanation that one does benefit at the Hajarul Aswad is because it will bear witness on the day of Judgement. One does benefit from evidence in ones favor, but this does not make that source of evidence worthy of worship. It is mentioned in the hadith that everything that is within reach of the Mu’azzin’s voice will give evidence for him on the day of Qiyaamat. This does not mean that all these things become worthy or worship.